Branches of Government
Terms in this set (23)
Checks and Balances
Idea that allows different branches of government to limit the power of other branches of government
Separation of Powers
consisting of 3 independent and coequal branches of government
Article I of the Constitution; makes laws, has the power to declare war, override a veto, approves federal appointees, create a federal budget; bicameral, senate and house of representatives, 535 total members
Head of the executive Branch
Main group within the judicial Branch
Collective group of legislative Branch; has power to Collect taxes, Borrow Money, Regulate Trade, Raise an Army, Impeach the president, Propose amendments
House of Representatives
House of congress that has representation based on population; IA has 4; must be 25 yrs old, resident for 7 yrs; currently 435 members (fixed)
House of congress that each state is guaranteed 2 representatives; must be 30 yrs old, resident for 9 yrs; Leader is Vice President
Article II of the Constitution; enforces laws, power to veto, appoint federal judges, lead armed forces, represents our nation; must be 35 yrs old, a U.S. citizen, and a resident of the U.S. for 14 years.
Article III of the Constitution; a system of courts that decide arguments about the meaning of laws, how they are applied, and whether they violate the Constitution.
Advisors to the President
A law that is not agreeable with the constitution and is no longer valid
Ex post facto laws
A law which punishes people for a crime that was not a crime when it was committed. Congress cannot pass these laws.
Writ of habeas corpus
A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
Bills of Attainder
Laws that punish a person without a jury trial
A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
powers directly stated in the constitution
Powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
A vote that blocks a decision
A declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment
Intermediate federal appellate courts. Cover "circuits" (grouping of states) across America. Hear appeals from District Courts in their jurisdiction.
An area of authority or control; the right to administer justice.
A written proposal for a law