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Earth Science 2- Rocks- Materials of the Lithosphers
Terms in this set (28)
Chemical sedimentary rock
When weathered soluble dissolved material are precipitated back as solids. They form Chemical sedimentary rock
When large masses of magma solidify far below the surface, they form igneous rocks that exhibit. Granite is an example.
a change in the texture, structure, or chemical composition of a rock due to contact with magma. That contact basically bakes the surrounding rock.
When magma cools and solidifies crystallization occurs beneath the surface or after a volcanic eruption. The resulting rock is called ingneous.
detrial sedimentary rock
rocks that form from the accumulation of materials that originate and are transported as solid particles derived from both mechanical and chemical weathering
Any economic mineral deposit in which the desired mineral occurs as scattered particles in the rock but in sufficient quantity to make the deposit an ore.
the sediment that is left after the evaporation of seawater
igneous rock that form when magma solidifies at the surface
Igneous rocks that form rapidly at the surface or as small masses within the upper crust. The crystals are too small to be seen with the naked eye.
a texture of metamorphic rocks that gives the rock a layered apperance, parallel like.
A texture formed when a rock cools so fast it doesn't have time to crystallize, usually when ejected from a volcano.
The hot, watery solution that escapes from a mass of magma during the later stages of crystallization. Such solutions may alter the surrounding country rock and are frequently the source of significant ore deposits
produced by fire, great heat, or the action of a volcano; solidified from a molten state. Igneous rock is formed by the cooling and solidification of magma.
igneous rocks formed at some depth beneath the earth's surface, formed within other rocks. Usually only seen upon weathering.
rock that in its molten form (as magma) issues from volcanos
The process that converts sediments into solid rock by compaction or cementation.
molten rock in the earth's crust. The liquid material inside the earth's crust.
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions
metamorphic rocks that do not exhibit foliation, an example is limestone.
An igneous rock texture in which large crystals are scattered on a background of much smaller crystals.
a change in the texture, structure, or chemical composition of a rock due to changes in temperature and pressure over a large area, generally as a result of tectonic forces.
a series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another
matter deposited by some natural process
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together
parallel layers of sedimentary rock, like the fossil beds.
The overall appearance of an igneous rock, based on the size and arrangement of its interlocking crystals.
a mineral filling a fracture or fault in a host rock. Such deposits have a sheetlike, or tabular form. The hot liquid fills in the fault or crack of the rock.
the day in day out influence of the atmosphere slowly disintegrates and decompose rocks.
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