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__ mutation involves any substitution of a single nucleotide that does not change the DNA reading frame
recombination method that involves the uptake of free DNA by competent bacterial recipient cells
a nitrogen-containing molecule found in DNA and RNA that provides the basis for the genetic code is a nitrogenous __
nucleotides are linked by __ bonds and link the phosphate of one nucleotide and the sugar of another nucleotide
Gene regulation can involve a protein repressor that blocks _____ from initiating transcription.
An original parent DNA strand and one newly synthesized DNA strand comprising a new DNA molecule
The nontranscribed region of DNA to which RNA polymerase binds to initiate transcription is called the
Each _____ is a specific segment of the DNA with the code for production of one functional product.
The transfer of DNA fragments from a dead cell to a live, competent recipient cell that results in a changed recipient cell is
f the wild type DNA sequence reads THE CAT ATE THE BIG RAT, what type of mutation would change the sequence to THE CAT ATA ETH EBI GRA T?
A screening system called the _____ test is used for detecting chemicals with carcinogenic potential.
Contain codons within their rRNA molecules
The following pertain to ribosomes during protein synthesis except
The enzyme that helps pack DNA into the cell by coiling the DNA into a tight bundle is:
The RNA molecules that carry amino acids to the ribosomes during protein synthesis are called
The development of virulent, toxin-producing bacterial strains due to the presence of a temperate phage can occur in
antiparallel arrangement of DNA
One helix strand that runs from the 5' to 3' direction and the other strand runs from the 3' to 5' direction
During replication, each parent DNA strand serves as a _____ for synthesis of new DNA strands.
which enzyme fills in the spaces between the Okazaki fragments with the correct nucleotides
the enzymes that can proofread replicating DNA, detect incorrect bases, excise them, and correctly replace them are
the site where the old DNA strands separate and new DNA strands will be synthesized is called the
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