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5th Grade History Chapter 8.3-8.5
Terms in this set (28)
The 2nd Continental Congress met in May of 1775. What were the 2 most important decisions made at this important meeting?
America must have an orgaized continental Army, and George Washington would command the new army.
_____ and _____ led the Green Mountain Boys in the taking of Fort Ticonderoga. Why was the taking of this fort so important?
Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold; It was the gateway to New York. We need the cannons and other supplies and it control the central waterway from Canada
What are Hessian soldiers and who hired them?
They are German soldiers and King George III hired them
What are the 3 main ideas of the Declaration of Independence?
All people have rights, The King abused our (the colonist's ) rights, and We are starting a new country to protect people's rights
Who led the western forces in the Revolutionary war?
George Rodgers Clark
Who was one of the first officers of our navy and what was his famous quote? What was the name of his ship?
John Paul Jones, "I have not yet begun to fight", Bonhamme Richard
We discused 4 major battles (other than Lexington and Concord) of the Revolutionalry War.
Battle of Bunker Hill, Battle of Trenton, Battle of Saratoga, and Battle of Yorktown
Which battle proved that America could stand up to the British (even though American forces lost the battle)?
Battle of Bunker Hill
Which battle involved a surprise attack on a Hessian camp? It was a much needed victory for Washington.
Battle of Trenton
Which battle led to the French joining the war as an American ally? It was a major American victory.
Battle of Saratoga
Which battle was the victory that won the war?
Battle of Yorktown
Who was the British general who led the British forces in the South and ended up surrendering?
What was the name of the Treaty that officially ended the Revolutionary War and what did it give America?
Treaty of Paris; England gave up her American colonies and any claims to land east of the Mississippi river.
What was the new land west of the 13 original colonies called?
Name 3 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
There was no chief Executive (president) to run the country, there was no National Court System or Jury for crimes, and there was no National Currency or money
Under the Articles of Confederation who had the most power? states or National government
What is a monarchy?
a governmnet ruled by a king or queen
What is a dictatorship?
form of government ruled by a person who has absolute authority and who has come to power by the aid of friends or force rather than by inheritance.
What is a democracy?
a government in which the people hold the ruling power.
Which form of government did the framers of the Constitution decide upon for America?
Which of the framers is known as the Father of the constitution and did most of the writing of the constitution?
What is the difference in a federalist and an Anit-Federalist?
Federalist liked a strong central government and the Anti-Federalist did not like a strong central government. They wanted states to retain most of the power.
There were many compromises in the formation of the Constitution. What are the tenants of Virginia Plan? The New Jersey Plan?
The Virginia Plan - Call for 3 branches of government: Executive, Legislative and Judicial and called for votes in the legislature to be based on population. The New Jersey Plan-single chamber legislature with each state getting one vote. and This was the alternative to the Virginia plan.
What was the the Great Compromise?
2 houses in the legislature. One would be based on population and the other with equal representation.
What was the 3/5 Compromise?
Each slave would count as 3/5 of a person when deciding population for representation.
Name the 3 branches of government and the duties of each. See Your branches handout
Judicial, Executive and Legislative,Legislative makes laws, Executive enforces the law and Judicial interprets laws
Where was America's first capital city?
Who was Benjamin Benneker?
He was an architect who designed Washington DC.
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