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Chapter 5 (nursing and healthcare)
Terms in this set (48)
The 2 Divisions of thinking are
1. Nonfocused thinking.
2. Directed thinking.
Purposeful, informed, outcome focused thinking.
You engaged your brain out of habit without much conscious thought.
When something is important but does not require us to think hard.
IE: how to shower, how to tie a shoe
When the same situation or scene is replayed in the mind over and over, without reaching an outcome.
The mind is made up, and no additional facts will be considered.
Things are always black and white.
The mind is stuck on negative thoughts and blocks worthwhile thinking.
Directed or Focused Thinking
Purposeful and outcome oriented thinking.
An advanced way of thinking and problem solving.
Factors that influence Critical thinking.
Upbringing and culture.
Skills to do the work and know how to access the resources.
Cognitive Levels per NCLEX exam
The ability to recall and repeat information that you have memorized.
The ability to understand information, recall it, and identify examples of that information.
Lowest level of understanding.
Being able to use learned material in new situations.
A higher level of understanding.
The ability to break down complex information into its basic parts and relate those parts to the whole picture.
Organize and prioritize
Critical thinking answers the question _____________
"How can we do this better?"
Cornerstone of critical thinking
The ability to read with understanding.
A ________________ effort has been shown to promote critical thinking skills.
A first post operative day patient received pain medication 6 hours ago. He states he is not experiencing pain but refuses to deep breathe and ambulated as ordered. The nursing student caring for him consults her instructor, asking whether it might be advisable to administer pain medication. The student is using
The nursing student tells a peer, "once I begins studying, I don't dare take a break. If I stop for even 5 mins, I know I'll never go back to studying." The peer identifies this statement as
All or nothing thinking
A patient tells the nursing student "I keep thinking of the mistake I made that led to the accident. I can't get it out of my mind. Now my son has a broken leg." The nursing student correctly identifies this as
Which question should be asked my a nursing student who is developing a plan to increase his critical thinking ability so as to achieve higher grades?
"Do I comprehend information from textbooks and classes?"
The student reads a definition of a nursing term and is asked to state whether the sentence is true or false. The cognitive level of this exercise is
When an instructor asks a nursing student to answer a question in his or her own word and give an example, this cognitive level used is
The nursing student has learned the principles of determining and recording intake and output. When the student cares for a patient who has liquid breakfast and has voided twice and vomited once, the student documents intake and output in the patients chart using the cognitive level known as
During morning report, the nursing student receives a description of the assigned patients current problems. When the student determines the priority nursing intervention, she is processing information at the cognitive level known as
Which factor that influences critical thinking provides the best rationale for using a team meeting to plan care for a patient?
Which remark by a nurse demonstrates the use of critical thinking
"I think about what other information I need before proceeding"
A nurse is caring for a postpartum patient. The nurse assessed the patients fund us, notes that it is deviated to the side, and instructs the patient to void. The nurse understands that this intervention should allow the fund us to effectively contract. The nurses thinking is purposeful and outcome oriented. This is an example of
A nurse is performing routine vital signs on patients. The nurse has obtained vital signs many times before and is able to do so without much conscious thought. This is an example of
Non focused thinking
A nursing instructor encourages student nurses to use critical thinking in clinical setting. The instructor understands that critical thinking
uses both logic and intuition
A nursing student demonstrates the ability to break down complex information into its basic parts and relate those parts to the whole picture. This is an example of what cognitive level?
A student nurse recalls that sleeping medications are administered at 2100. When the student is questioned about why sleeping medications are given at this time, the student states, "I have memorized that sleeping pills are given at 2100. I have no idea why." The student is using what cognitive level.
A student nurse recently learned about maslows hierarchy of needs during a lecture. During the clinical rotation, the student is able to prioritize patient care based on Maslows Hierarchy of needs. The student is using what cognitive level?
A nurse is caring for a postpartum patient who is hemorrhaging. The nurse considers several possibilities for postpartum hemorrhaging, including retained placental fragments, a full bladder, and uttering aging. The nurse is using what cognitive level?
A nursing student demonstrates the ability to recall and repeat memorized information but does not understand the information. This is an example of what cognitive level?
A nursing student demonstrates the ability to understand information, recall it, and identify examples of that information. This is an example of what cognitive level?
A nursing student demonstrates the ability to use learned material in new situations. This is an example of what cognitive level?
Clinical judgements about patients that result from critical thinking have what as their basis?
To describe critical thinking in nursing to a peer, which characteristics would the nurse mention?
uses logic and intuition
During a performance evaluation, the evaluator describes several behaviors of the nurse. Select the observations that indicate the nurse uses critical thinking.
"I have noted that you base care on patient needs."
"Your caregiving is guided by identified outcomes"
"You use professional standards as guidelines"
"You tailor interventions to the circumstances"
"You identify of appropriate resources to clarify correct procedure"
An instructor tells a nursing student "I have noticed that you sometimes engage in non focused thinking" which behaviors are consistent with the instructors observations?
The student makes up his mind quickly and ignored additional facts, the student focused on the negative aspects of nearly every situation"
To think critically, it is necessary to do which of the following?
Recall the comprehended info when needed
Know what to do when information's not in long-term memory
A nursing student determines that she needs to increase her reading effectiveness. Identify two effective strategies for accomplishing this goal that can be implemented immediately.
- move her lips while reading
- underline unfamiliar words
Characteristics and attitudes of critical thinkers include which of the following?
Self confident, honest and upright, logical and intuitive, sensitive to diversity, analytical and insightful.
Which of the following are the cognitive levels used in the NCLEX-PN exam?
Analysis, application, knowledge, comprehension
The cognitive levels used on the NCLEX-PN examination are knowledge, comprehension, application, and analysis.
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