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38 terms

Medical Terminology- Chapter 2

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Medial
relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle; toward the midline.
Lateral
Toward the side
Dorsal
Usually back, or top of foot.
Caudal
Toward the tail for animals- toward the foot for people
Cephalic
Toward the head
Ventral
Belly/abdominal side
Plantar
Side of foot= bottom of foot
Proximal
Close to point of attachment
Distal
far from point of attachment
Midsagittal
gives equal right and left parts
Parasagittal
gives unequal right and left parts
Para
beside or close by
Sagittal
may be: equal right and left parts or unequal right and left parts
Umbilical region
Where the umbilica cord was attached
Epigastric Region
Upon the stomach
Hypogastric Region
below the stomach
Hypochondriac Region
below the cartilage or below the ribs which are made up of a lot of cartialage
Ihac Regions
Named for a bone in hip are ilium
Lumbar Region
named from the lumbar area of the spinal column lower back
Homeostasis
maintaining internal stability
Hemostasis
controlling bleeding
Viscera
internal organs (or guts)
Symptom
info such as: something experienced by patient; second hand info
Sign
objective info such as: reports, test results, observations
Acute
fast onset; short term
Chronic
usually slow onset; long term
Inflammation
reaction or irritation
Infection
Has to have an infective agent; bacteria, virus, fungi
Iatrogenic
caused by medical treatment
Idiopathic
unknown cause
Etiology
cause of disease or study
Pathology
study of disease processes in the body by autopsy and/or biopsy
Diagnosis
naming the problem
Prognosis
educated guess about the outcome of the problem
-otomy
Incision, section= to cut into
Diagnosis (Pronunciation)
Separate "gn" when pronouncing; Diag/nosis
Rules is "pn" (Pronunciation)
When "pn" in front "p" is silent; When "pn" in middle separate, (apnea = ap/nea)
Pronunciation
Draw box around last letter of root and first non-vowel letter of suffix (cys TOP athy)