40 terms

theatre test 3

STUDY
PLAY
International phonetic alphabet (IPA)
system for transcribing the sounds of speech
Stanislavsky system (method acting)
psychological approach to acting
Emotional memory
think back over a certain incident and remover it well enough to relive the accompanying emotions
Technical approach
working from the outside in, concentrating on physical details
empathy
ability to understand and identify with another's situation, feelings, and motive so completely that you feel you are experiencing that situation and those emotions
magic if
stimulate the imagination toward empathy
substitution
replace the character's emotions with unrelated but personal emotions of their own
given circumstances
their situation, their problems, and the limits life has place on them
superobjective
driving force that governs the characters actions throughout the entire play
inner conflict
being in conflict with themselves; ghost from the past
character flaw
inner conflict powerful enough to affect the character's good judgment and cause the character to make unfortunate choices
motivation
reason a character takes a particular action
Actors equity assocation
union that represents stage actors
screen actors guild (SAG)
represents movie and television actors
American federation of television and radio artists (AFTRA)
represents talk show hosts as well as announcers, singers, disc jockeys, newscasters, and even stunt ppl
cattle call
open call audition
callback list
list that impresses director; called back for 2nd or 3rd audition
cold readings
actors aren't given a chance to prepare
director
turns the printed script, the blueprint, into a production
Didaskalos (teacher)
playwright directors that write, instruct performers, and advise designers and technicians
french scene
begins whenever a character enters or exits and continues until the next entrance or exit
beat
next smaller structural unit; section of dialog about a particular subject or idea
production concept
this is the metaphor, thematic idea, symbol, or allegory that will be central to the whole production
casting directors
specialize in finding the right actor to fit the part
cast to type
hire an actor who physically matches the role
cast against type
deliberately cast actors who are exact opposite of, or very different from expected
gender-neutral casting
casting without regard for the characters gender
cross-gender casting
intentionally casting men to play women's roles and women to play men's
color-blind casting
choosing actor without regard to their race or ethnic background
assistant director
helps director
blocking
movement of actors on stage
focus
in theatre, directors must gain the audience's attention and direct their gaze to a particular spot or actor
sharing focus
basic way a director achieves focus
profile
half away from the audience
stealing focus (upstaging)
actors who take focus when they aren't supposed to
stage area
a way to achieve focus; each area is labeled
triangulation
when there are 3 actors, or groups of actors on stage, whoever is at the upstage or downstage apex of the triangle generally takes the focus
pictuization
composing pictures with the actors that reinforce the story
interpretive director
try to translate the play from the page to the stage as accurately and faithfully as possible
creative director
add concepts, designs, or interpretations atop the playwright's words that were never intended by the playwright (concept productions)