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Art test 1

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What are the visual elements of art?
line, shape, light, value, color, texture, space, time, and motion
What are the principles of design?
unity, balance, rhythm, scale, proportion
what is the measure of a line?
length and width
What work of Sal Le Witt's lines so precise and mathematical that he was actually conscious of their measure?
Lines from four corners to points on a grid
According to our author, the works of which two artist reveal the expressive characteristics of line?
Sole LeWitt and Jackson Pollock
How are contour lines created?
by the edges of things
When are the contour lines percieved?
when the three dimensional shapes curve backinto space
What kind of lines are created by the edge of things?
countor lines
What are actual lines?
connected and continuous
What are implied lines?
completed by the viewer
What do we call connected and continuous lines?
actual lines
In the Madonna of the Rocks, where does Leonardo da Vinci place the head of the virgin?
at the apex of a rather broad and stable pyramid formed by the extention of her arms and the direction of her glance
What are the functions of lines?
to outline shapes, evoke forms and movement, imply solid mass, or for its own sake
What artist created the color linocut Sharecropper (1968)?
Elizabeth Catlett
What is modeling?
the creation of the illusion of roundness of three dimensions through the use of light and shadow
What is stippling?
using a pattern of dots that thinkins and thins
What is hatching?
using series of closely spaced parallel lines to achieve a similar effect
What is cross-hatching?
series of lines run in different directions and cross one another
How do we refer to the illusion of roundess or three dimensions throught the use of light and shadows?
modeling
Which renaissance artist shows how line can be used to outline forms and evoke movement?
Sandro Botticelli
How are shapes formed?
when intersecting or connecting lines enclose space
How can shapes be communicated?
by the lines that enclose specific areas of the painting
What is the volume of a work of art?
the mass or bulk of a three dimensional work
What is form?
shape in sculpture or architecture
Which artist created the Holocaust Memorial, Vienna (2000)?
Rachel Whiteread
What kind of mass do drawing and painting have?
implied mass
What are the two basic types of geometric shapes?
regular and precise
What is actual mass?
occupies three dimensional space and have measurable volume and weight
Who is the architect of the Guggenheim Museum in Biboa, Spain?
Frank Gehry
Who painted Les Demioselles d'Alabama Vestidas(1985)?
Robert Colescott
What do we call shapes that seem to ebb and flow, expand and contrast, or meta morphose as directed by some inner life force?
biomorphic
Who created Sun Tunnels (1973-1976)?
Nancy Holt
What does the amount of light reflected by a surface determine?
value
What is visible light?
part of the spectrum of electromagnetic energy that also includes radio waves and cosmic rays
Which artist painted The Sleeping Gypsy?
Henri Rousseau
How do we refer to the degrees of difference between shades of grey?
value contrast
How do we refer to the fradual shifitng from light to dark through a successive graduation of tones across a curved suface?
chiaroscuro
Of what does the visible spectrum consist?
red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet
How are tints created?
by adding white
How do we refer to colors opposite each other on the color wheel?
complementary
How do we refer to neutral colors?
achromatic or black, white, and their mixture of gray
What kinds of colors are created by mixing pigments of primary and adjoining secondary colors?
tertiary colors
how do we refer to the hue of an object as created by the colors its surface reflects under normal lighting conditions?
Local colors
What is optical color?
our perceptions of color, which can vary makedly with lighting conditions
Who painted the Night Cafe?
Vincent Van Gogh
How is simulated texture in a work of art referred to?
visual texture
Which artist painted Gift Wrapped Doll #19(1992)?
James Rosenquist
What kind of texture compels the viewer to look again at an object and to think about it more deeply?
Subversive texture
How does the artist create the illusion of three-dimensionality on a two-dimensional surface?
relative size and lineat perspective
How is the process referred to when parallel lines converge at a single point on the horizon?
one-point perspective
How is the illusion of depth created?
atmospheric perspective
Who painted The Heart of the Andes?
Frederic Edwin Church
How do artists create or capture actual motion?
Kinetic art and photography
Who sculpted Apollo and Daphe?
Gianlorenzo Bernini
Who painted Dynamism of a Soccer Player?
Umberto Boccioni
What can by implied by repetitive imagery?
motion
Who created Dali atomicus?
Philippe Halsman
What artistic movement was based on creating optical sensations of movement through the repetition and manipulation of color, shape, and line?
Op Art
Who created I Can't?
Ida Applebroog
Who photographed Kitchen Tantrums?
Bernhard Johannes and Anna Blume
What do we tend to perceive when we look at a color for an extended period of time?
after image
Define Ability.
the human capacity to make things of beauty
Define process.
art encompasses actes such as drawing, painting, sculpting, designing buildings, and using camera to create memorable works
Define product.
art is the completed work-an etching, a sculpture, a structure, a tapestry
Who designed Galla Placidia in Philadelphia?
Joyce Kozloff
Who created Floridi Como for the Bellagio Hotel in Las Vegas?
Dale Chihuly
Which artist reproduced a well-known photography of Marilyn Monroe on canvas?
Andy Warhol
What pupose of art does the replication of reality in the finest detail reveal?
the purpose of art as revealing truth
What multimedia work revolves around a fantastic dinner party?
The Dinner Party
Who painted the Dinner Party?
Judy Chicago
In what ways does art express religious belief?
hopes for fertility, propitiate the gods, to symbolize great reigious events and values, and to commend heavenward the souls of the departed
Who created A Shaman;s Helping Spirits in 1971?
Jessie Oonark
Who translated a biblical story into a work that speaks to the African American Sensibility?
Aaron Douglas
What Christian church built in 532-537 c.e. was converted to an Islamic mosque in 1453?
Hagia Sophia
What paintings does out author use to illustrate the expression in art of fantasies?
Marc Chagall's I and the Village/ Max Beckmann's The Dream
What are the purposes of conceptual art?
may represent external objects, challenges the traditional view of the artist as creative visionary, skilled craftperson, and master of one's medium
What two artists each painted Piano Lesson?
Henri Matisse and Romare Bearden
What artist photographed Red Library #2?
Laurie Simmons
What American painter was inspired to paint nature's unbridled power as revealed in waves, waterfalls, and thunderstorms?
Louise Chase
What photographer recognized photography as a fine art as well as a tol for recording events?
Alfred Stieglitz
What is tar beach?
painted patchwork quilt
Who created Tar Beach?
Faith Ringgold
What is Just What Is It That Makes Today's Homes So Different?
a collage by Richard Hamilton
Which 19th century Spanish painter used his art to satirize the political foibles of his day and to condemn the horrors of war?
Francisco Goya
Who painted Liberty Leading the People?
Eugene Delacroix
What was In Mourning and in Rage?
a performance at Los Angeles City Hall
Which artist created the mixed media work known as The Liveration of Aunt Jemima?
Betye Saar
What is Miriam Schapiro;s Wonderland?
a collage that reflects her "femmage aesthetic"
What does Wonderland reflect?
her interest in depicting women's domestic culture
Among the readymades and assemblages of 20th century artist, what works do we find?
Marcel Duchamp's Fountain and Pablo Picasso's Bull's Head
What group made it possible for many artist to meet basic survival needs while continuing to work, and be paid, as artists?
a branch of the Works Progress Administration