Ch.3 The meaning of citizenship
Terms in this set (73)
a person with certain rights and responsibilities
have gone through the process of becoming a citizen
a citizen of one country who lives in another country
people who are chosen to speak and act for their fellow citizens in government
You are automatically an American citizen if you were..
born to an American parent, born in the United States, naturalized, were less then 18 when parents were naturalized
How do the rights of naturalized citizens differ from those of citizens by birth?
They cannot run for Vice President or President
a naturalized citizen can...
vote for President, hold elected office, and elect representatives
"Consent of the governed" gives power to...
What is an example of representatives that citizens elect?
members of Congress, city council members, governors
An alien has...
some of the rights of citizens
Once you are a citizen you can...
decide to give up citizenship, have citizenship taken away, and remain a citizen for life
How do American citizens invest their representatives with political power?
vote or elect them into office
What do citizens of the U.S. owe to the U.S.?
What are the steps in the naturalization process?
application, examination, and final hearing
What must the applicant prove for a naturalization process?
18 or older, legal resident for 5 years and state 3 months, good moral character, loyalty to principals of U.S. Constitution, ability to read, write, and speak English, knowledge of history and form of government of U.S.
Give examples of duties.
obeying the law and paying taxes
give examples of rights.
express opinions and protection under the law
Aliens cannot ....
vote or hold government office
Our government can only operate only if...
we want it to
What can citizens do if they are unhappy one elected official is doing in the government?
We vote the person out of office
What must aliens do if they want to become American citizens?
they must become naturalized
American citizens elect representatives who...
serve them in office in local state and national government
rule of law
concept of a government of laws rather than of men and women
jury of peers
a group of ordinary citizend who hear the case and decide whether the accused person is innocent or guilty
people who have seen events related to the crime or who have special information that may help determine the guilt or innocence of the person on trial
the well-being of all members of society
person running for office
Our rights as American citizens are based on our...
beliefs and values
Duties of citizens of the United States include
defending the nation, serving on a jury or as a witness, obeying laws
Unlike our duties as citizens, our responsibilities are
Contributing to the common good means acting in ways that..
make our nation a good place for us all to live
What is both a right and responsibility of a citizen?
voting for representatives
Why are ublic officials governed by the same rules and laws as ordinary citizens?
Why is it important to study and undrstand the issues that get decided in election?
because you want to vote for the right person for office
In holding the office of citizen you have important..
rights, duties and responsibilities
What are some examples of rights of Americans
right to vote, right to say ehat you think in speech or writing, right to practice your own religion, right to a fair trial
How are our rights guaranteed and protected to us?
our Constitution and by our laws and our courts
What are the beliefs and values Americans share?
equal respect, freedom, justice, and equality
What are some duties we have as citizens?
obeying the laws, defending the nation, serving on a jury or as a witness in court, paying taxes, and attending school
By performing these duties what do we do?
we support our government's efforts to meet our needs as a society
What are laws?
a society's formal laws
What are the kinds of laws we obey?
they are intended to keep us from hurting each other and making agreements and settling disputes and protect citizen's rights?
what must officials base their decisions on
What may you do when your 18 or older?
you may serve in the military services
what must young men do when their 18?
register for military service
What does the registering mean?
you can be called to serve when there is a national emergency
No person may be found guilty of a crime unless..
that guilt can be proved beyond reasonable doubt
The decision of the jury is based on what?
the evidence heard at the trial
When may citizen ask a court to decide a case?
if they think their rights have been violated or have been treated unfairly
who duty is it to serve as jurors and act as witnesses when they are called to do so?
Through taxes our government do what?
raise money to pay for the services that citizens ask them to provide
What are two tasks for schools?
prepare for future and give students the knowledge, skills, and experiences they need to carry out the duties and responsibilityof the office of citizen
what must we be educated about?
our history, government, wirkings of society
How are responsibilties different than duties?
responsibilities you do voluntary and duties are required
What are some responsibilities?
contributing to common good and voting
What does contributing to common good mean?
acting in ways that protect the rights and freedoms of other americans and make our communities good places to live
What is one political responsibility?
we can help campaign for canidates
Citizens have the responsibility to...
Peopl agreeing to hold office accpet what responsibility?
learning about issues and try to make decisions that are in the best intrests of the people they represent
What is a way we can fulfill the "office of citizen"?
persuade government to take action regarding a cause you believe in
What are we each responsible for?
making our communities a better place to live in
roles that people play in real life
What are the 7 social roles?
consumer , friend, social group member, student or worker, family member, citizen
Who has roles?
What kind of role is voting?
How many roles can you play at one time?
How can roles change?
death, divorce, children growing up, being unemployed, having no money,
Why do roles change?
because of life
Sometimes as you play your roles you realize that you..
overlap them or fullfill more than one at the same time
What can force you to make a difficult decision?
conflicting between roles
What can be helpful in making decisions?
being aware of the values that guide your behavior
What can you also find as you play your roles?
that demands of your roles conflict with each other
As roles change overtime what changes with them?