Terms in this set (81)
Nomadic people, do not possess agriculture. Hunting and gathering for subsistence. All human beings were at one time hunter-gatherers.
Northern Japan- Hunter-Gatherers.
The idea that objects in nature have their own spirits (rivers, trees, etc.)
Old Stone Age
New Stone Age- Agriculture
Gardening for subsistence
When humans cause plants and animals to adapt to their needs. Dog.
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (i.e. where they are located)
Southern Iraq/ Mesopotamia/Fertile Crescent
Nile River Delta (where?)
Egypt- Med. Sea
Man-made methods of transporting water for the purpose of agriculture.
A Politically Organized Body of People.
Epic of Gilgamesh
Sumerian Epic literature. About the hero Gilgamesh, who defied the Goddess Innana/Ishtar
Sumerian/Akkadian goddess of love.
Iraq, land between the rivers.
Sargon of Akkad
Established the world's first true empire in Mesopotamia. Akkadian Empire. Baby Sargon and the basket of reeds.
Daughter of Sargon, first author known by name. Her hymns to the gods and goddesses were very violent/warlike.
A name used by peoples of sedentary, farming communities to describe peoples who lacked sedentary agriculture, formal laws, a system of writing, and who often raided sedentary communities.
A step pyramid design used in Mesopotamia, usually for temples.
King of Babylon. Issued first extant code of laws
The Code of Hammurabi
Code of laws established by Hammurabi. Emphasis on evidence. Emphasis on Social Hierarchy.
Eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth. Code of Hammurabi.
Transcendent (as it relates to a deity)
Beyond mortal comprehension. Beyond human limitations and characteristics.
Founder of Hebrew people. Founder of Arab people. From city state of Ur. Smashed idols. Led his people west to Canaan.
Raised an Egyptian prince, of Hebrew blood. Led Hebrews out of Egypt according to the Book of Exodus. Received the 10 Commandants.
Successor to Moses. Great Hebrew general. He conquered much of Canaan, including the city of Jericho.
King of Israel. OT-slew the Philistine giant Goliath. Poet, who according to tradition, wrote psalms. Known historical figure.
Son of David. King of Israel. Governed kingdom of Israel at its height. Built temple to the Hebrew God.
"sea peoples." Originated in southeastern Europe. Invaded Egypt and Canaan. Enemies of the Hebrews.
Very little radical change over a 3,000 year period.
Upper and lower Egypt
Upper Egypt-South. Lower Egypt-North. Based on how Nile flows.
Egyptian writing system. Syllabary.
Egyptian priest. Architect who designed great pyramid. Discoverer of the circulatory system. One of the world's great early physicians. Later deified as god of medicine.
Tombs for dead pharaohs.
Great Pyramid at Giza
Massive pyramid. Great stone blocks not carved on site. Moved by human labor.
Egyptian king of the gods. God of the dead, ruler of the underworld.
Queen of Osiris. Goddess of resurrection. Brought Osiris back from dead.
God of foreigners , enemy of Horus.
Jackal headed assistant of Osiris. Helps Osiris judge the souls of the dead.
Falcon headed god of war- hero god of the Egyptians. Enemy of Set and foreigners.
Egyptian god of the sun.
A foreign, "Asiatic" people who conquered Egypt. Introduced chariots, composite bows to Egypt.
Pharoah who started the New Kingdom. Kicked out the Hyksos at the age of 15.
the only female pharoah. Reigned during a period of economic prosperity.
Pharoah who worshipped monotheistic sun god Aten. Banned traditional Egyptian gods and goddesses.
Great military pharaoh who led Egypt to its maximum extent of territory.
People from what is now Turkey.
Battle of Kadesh Egyptians vs Hittites. World's first extant peace treaty.
soldiers of Greek city states, wielded spear and shield.
tight formation of hoplites. Indestructible as long as formation held.
government by a king, queen, emperor, empress, etc.
government by a noble class, special caste, group, etc.
rule by the people.
Rule by an illegitimate ruler who uses force to maintain power.
anarchy- rule by the rabble.
Temple built by Athenians to the goddess Athena.
Greek goddess of wisdom, grew from the head of her father Zeus.
slaves in the kingdom of Sparta. Awful circumstances.
elite unit of Persian army. Iran.
Battle of Thermopylae
Spartans and the Persians. Famous last stand of Spartans attempted to delay the Persian advance at the mountain pass of Thermopylae.
Greek god of the sea. Brother of Zeus.
King of the Gods. Sky god. Storm God.
Wife of Zeus. Jealous of her husband. Goddess of home and hearth and of marriage.
Messenger of the gods. Son of zeus. God of atheletes.
God of the dead. Brother of Zeus. Name of the underworld.
Greek god of war.
Greek goddess of love and beauty.
Goddess of the hunt and nature.
God of the Sun, medicine, and the arts.
Goddess of wisdom, protector of Athens.
son of Aphrodite. Called Cupid by Romans.
God of smithing and work. Son of Zeus and Hera.
Greek Goddess of the Harvest, Fertility. Mother of Persephone.
Ferryman who led the recently deceased across the river Styx into the underworld. (Greek mythology).
Greek Hero. Son of Zeus. Completed the famous "labors." Freed Prometheus.
Greek Hero. Son of Zeus. Slew the Medusa. Married Andromeda.
Greek Hero. Captured the Golden Fleece. Married princess Medea, who later murdered their two children.
Greek Hero. Fought in war with Troy. Killed a son of Poseidon and was thus cursed with misfortune while attempting to return home.
Three-headed hellhound who guarded the underworld (Greek Mythology).
A hag with serpents for hair. One look from her would turn mortals to stone.
A multi-headed, reptilian creature. When one head was severed, two more would spring up in its place.
A large, one-eyed giant. Sons of Poseidon.
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