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aims of progressive movement

political democracy, reduce power of big business, eliminate social ills through reform

dates of progressive movement


progressive presidents

theodore roosevelt, william howard taft, woodrow wilson

17th amendment

allowed for the direct election of senators


opened libraries, sponsored classes, provided a place for healthy physical activity

illinois factory act

prohibited child labor and limited women's working hours

commission form of govt

form of city govt in which the power to run the city is entrusted to a nonpartisan commission of 3-5 members each of whom heads a major city function

council-manager form of govt

people elect a city council to make laws, council appoints a city manager to run the city

national child labor committee

organization to end child labor, investigated and gathered evidence of kids working in harsh conditions

muller v. oregon

limited women's workday to 10 hours
- lewis brandeis represented oregon
- florence kelley and josephine goldmark provide sociological data
- states can limit working hours

bunting v. oregon

limited men's working hours to 10

worker's compensation laws

required employers in dangerous jobs to pay benefits to injured employees

secret ballot

ends voter fraud, privacy for voters so they won't be influenced
- suggested by William U'Ren (oregon system)


allowed a group of citizens to introduce legislation and required the legislature to vote on it
- suggested by William U'Ren (oregon system)


a vote on a bill that was originated by the people
- suggested by William U'Ren (oregon system)


allowed voters to remove officials by an election before their term was up
- suggested by William U'Ren (oregon system)

direct primary

all party members could vote for a candidate to run in the general election

sherman antitrust act

act created to eliminate abuses of monopolies, but the language was too vague to be effective

meat inspection act

created strict cleanliness requirements for meat-packers and created the program of federal meat inspection

pure food and drug act

prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure or falsely labeled food and drugs

newlands reclamation act

authorizes use of federal funds from public land sales to pay for irrigation and land development projects in the west


demanded immediate social and economic equality for blacks
- founded by WEB Du Bois

clayton antitrust act

banned tying agreements and price discrimination, legalized labor unions

underwood tariff

significantly reduced tariffs

16th amendment

taxed business profits and earnings and established the graduated income tax

federal reserve system

set the interest rates the reserve banks charged on other banks
- regulates economy

federal trade commission

set up a 5-member commission with the power to investigate violations of business regulations and end unfair business practices

salvation army

fed the poor, cared for kids, and sent missionaries to convert immigrants to middle class american values

adamson act

established the 8-hour day for railroad workers and overtime pay

elkins act

prohibited railroad rebates and required railroad companies to notify the public about rate changes

hepburn act

strengthens the Interstate Commerce Commission (regulated railroads) and set max rail rates

19th amendment

granted women the right to vote

mann act

prohibited interstate and international transportation of women for immoral purposes

18th amendment/volstead act

prohibits alcohol

department of commerce and labor

investigated corporations and issued reports on their activities


business group

northern securities

huge railroad company created by jp morgan

andrew carnegie

believed the wealthy had a moral obligation to share their wealth with the public (philanthropy)
- gospel of wealth

thomas nast

created political cartoons that helped to expose the corrupt political practices of william "boss" tweed

jacob riis

photojournalist who observed and photographed immigrant life in NYC

william "boss" tweed

corrupt political boss of NYC's Tammany Hall

mark twain, charles warner

coined the phrase "gilded age"

jane addams, ellen starr

founded hull house in chicago

walter rauchenbusch

leader of the Social Gospel Movement and worked through the church to make life on earth better

american protective association, workingman's party of california

created in opposition to immigrants coming to the US


first city to have a professional baseball team

ellis island

served as the processing center for immigrants arriving to NYC

chinese exclusion act

prohibited chinese immigration for 10 years and prevented the chinese who lived in the US from becoming citizens

need for skilled workers, assimilated immigrants into american society

why was education important to an urbanized, industrialized society

community and political centers

what role did saloons play in american cities

lincoln steffens

exposes corrupt american city governments
- writes Shame of the Cities

upton sinclair

exposes working conditions in chicago in the meatpacking industry
- writes The Jungle

ida tarbell

exposes corrupt business practices of jd rockefeller
- writes A History of Standard Oil

frank norris

exposes corrupt railroads

john spargo

writes about child labor
- writes Bitter Cry of the Children

david philips

exposes power of big business over senate

ida wells

wants anti-lynching laws, fights for women's rights

social/municipal housekeeping

Goal to fight for safer working conditions, better housing, better pay, education, and against labor abuses

national association of colored women

founded by mary church terrell and josephine ruffin
- founds settlement houses for african americans

american woman suffrage association

lucy stone
- wanted to fight state-by-state

national woman suffrage association

susan b anthony, elizabeth cady stanton
- wanted constitutional amendment

national american woman suffrage association

carrie chapman catt
- fight on state-by-state basis
- pursue court cases that test 14th amendment
- fight for national constitutional amendment granting women the right to vote

national women's party

alice paul, lucy burns
- goal national constitutional amendment granting women the right to vote
- picket white house

senator arlen sargent

introduces susan b anthony bill every year until ratification

lucretia mott and elizabeth cady stanton

organized first women's rights convention

george plunkitt

one of NYC's most powerful party bosses; knew helping immigrants would pay off on election day

booker t washington

believed in hard work and self-help; founded tuskegee; believed in establishing friendly relations with whites

laflesche sisters

fought for indian women rights

sophia smith

founded smith college for women

charles russell

muckraking journalist who exposed all kinds of corruption

gifford pinchot

appointed by roosevelt to head the US forest service

richard ballinger

appointed secretary of the interior by taft
- attempted to turn public forests and mineral reserves to private individuals

frances willard

president of wctu

joseph cannon

helped taft passed new lower tariff rate

frederick w taylor

invented scientific management

rose schneiderman

leader of the women's trade union league who pressed for charges against triangle factory owners

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