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76 terms

The Progressive Movement

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aims of progressive movement
political democracy, reduce power of big business, eliminate social ills through reform
dates of progressive movement
1898-1920
progressive presidents
theodore roosevelt, william howard taft, woodrow wilson
17th amendment
allowed for the direct election of senators
ymca
opened libraries, sponsored classes, provided a place for healthy physical activity
illinois factory act
prohibited child labor and limited women's working hours
commission form of govt
form of city govt in which the power to run the city is entrusted to a nonpartisan commission of 3-5 members each of whom heads a major city function
council-manager form of govt
people elect a city council to make laws, council appoints a city manager to run the city
national child labor committee
organization to end child labor, investigated and gathered evidence of kids working in harsh conditions
muller v. oregon
limited women's workday to 10 hours
- lewis brandeis represented oregon
- florence kelley and josephine goldmark provide sociological data
- states can limit working hours
bunting v. oregon
limited men's working hours to 10
worker's compensation laws
required employers in dangerous jobs to pay benefits to injured employees
secret ballot
ends voter fraud, privacy for voters so they won't be influenced
- suggested by William U'Ren (oregon system)
initiative
allowed a group of citizens to introduce legislation and required the legislature to vote on it
- suggested by William U'Ren (oregon system)
referendum
a vote on a bill that was originated by the people
- suggested by William U'Ren (oregon system)
recall
allowed voters to remove officials by an election before their term was up
- suggested by William U'Ren (oregon system)
direct primary
all party members could vote for a candidate to run in the general election
sherman antitrust act
act created to eliminate abuses of monopolies, but the language was too vague to be effective
meat inspection act
created strict cleanliness requirements for meat-packers and created the program of federal meat inspection
pure food and drug act
prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure or falsely labeled food and drugs
newlands reclamation act
authorizes use of federal funds from public land sales to pay for irrigation and land development projects in the west
naacp
demanded immediate social and economic equality for blacks
- founded by WEB Du Bois
clayton antitrust act
banned tying agreements and price discrimination, legalized labor unions
underwood tariff
significantly reduced tariffs
16th amendment
taxed business profits and earnings and established the graduated income tax
federal reserve system
set the interest rates the reserve banks charged on other banks
- regulates economy
federal trade commission
set up a 5-member commission with the power to investigate violations of business regulations and end unfair business practices
salvation army
fed the poor, cared for kids, and sent missionaries to convert immigrants to middle class american values
adamson act
established the 8-hour day for railroad workers and overtime pay
elkins act
prohibited railroad rebates and required railroad companies to notify the public about rate changes
hepburn act
strengthens the Interstate Commerce Commission (regulated railroads) and set max rail rates
19th amendment
granted women the right to vote
mann act
prohibited interstate and international transportation of women for immoral purposes
18th amendment/volstead act
prohibits alcohol
department of commerce and labor
investigated corporations and issued reports on their activities
syndicated
business group
northern securities
huge railroad company created by jp morgan
andrew carnegie
believed the wealthy had a moral obligation to share their wealth with the public (philanthropy)
- gospel of wealth
thomas nast
created political cartoons that helped to expose the corrupt political practices of william "boss" tweed
jacob riis
photojournalist who observed and photographed immigrant life in NYC
william "boss" tweed
corrupt political boss of NYC's Tammany Hall
mark twain, charles warner
coined the phrase "gilded age"
jane addams, ellen starr
founded hull house in chicago
walter rauchenbusch
leader of the Social Gospel Movement and worked through the church to make life on earth better
american protective association, workingman's party of california
created in opposition to immigrants coming to the US
Cincinnati
first city to have a professional baseball team
ellis island
served as the processing center for immigrants arriving to NYC
chinese exclusion act
prohibited chinese immigration for 10 years and prevented the chinese who lived in the US from becoming citizens
need for skilled workers, assimilated immigrants into american society
why was education important to an urbanized, industrialized society
community and political centers
what role did saloons play in american cities
lincoln steffens
exposes corrupt american city governments
- writes Shame of the Cities
upton sinclair
exposes working conditions in chicago in the meatpacking industry
- writes The Jungle
ida tarbell
exposes corrupt business practices of jd rockefeller
- writes A History of Standard Oil
frank norris
exposes corrupt railroads
john spargo
writes about child labor
- writes Bitter Cry of the Children
david philips
exposes power of big business over senate
ida wells
wants anti-lynching laws, fights for women's rights
social/municipal housekeeping
Goal to fight for safer working conditions, better housing, better pay, education, and against labor abuses
national association of colored women
founded by mary church terrell and josephine ruffin
- founds settlement houses for african americans
american woman suffrage association
lucy stone
- wanted to fight state-by-state
national woman suffrage association
susan b anthony, elizabeth cady stanton
- wanted constitutional amendment
national american woman suffrage association
carrie chapman catt
- fight on state-by-state basis
- pursue court cases that test 14th amendment
- fight for national constitutional amendment granting women the right to vote
national women's party
alice paul, lucy burns
- goal national constitutional amendment granting women the right to vote
- picket white house
senator arlen sargent
introduces susan b anthony bill every year until ratification
lucretia mott and elizabeth cady stanton
organized first women's rights convention
george plunkitt
one of NYC's most powerful party bosses; knew helping immigrants would pay off on election day
booker t washington
believed in hard work and self-help; founded tuskegee; believed in establishing friendly relations with whites
laflesche sisters
fought for indian women rights
sophia smith
founded smith college for women
charles russell
muckraking journalist who exposed all kinds of corruption
gifford pinchot
appointed by roosevelt to head the US forest service
richard ballinger
appointed secretary of the interior by taft
- attempted to turn public forests and mineral reserves to private individuals
frances willard
president of wctu
joseph cannon
helped taft passed new lower tariff rate
frederick w taylor
invented scientific management
rose schneiderman
leader of the women's trade union league who pressed for charges against triangle factory owners