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AP Government Chapter 3 - Federalism

Federalism. Pooey.
STUDY
PLAY
The federal system
is when power is shared between units of government
Federalism is
a way of organizing a nation so that tow or more levels of government have formal authority over the same area and people
Confederation
A form of governmental structure in which the national government is weak and most of all power is in the hands of it's components
What is an example of a confederation?
The United Nations
The constitutions supremacy clause
is that the Constitution overrides the State and Local Laws
The power to directly regulate such thinks as drinking ages, marriage, divorce, and sexual behavior has been granted to
the courts (judicial branch)
The government's responses in the wake of Hurricane Katrina underscores
the complexity of federalism
What are the effects of federalism?
decentralizes politics, creates more opportunities to participate in government, more power to judicial branch, create bureaucrats, all power resides in the central government
In our federal system, the powers of that state governments are ultimately granted by
the constitution
A unitary system is a way of organizing government so that
all power resides in the central government
The efforts of Candy Lighter and Mother Against Drunk Driving to raise the legal drinking age to 21 are examples of
National Congress influence/Federalism influence over the states
Only the national government is allowed to
regulate commerce with foreign nations
The enumerated powers of Congress and the national government are those
that are specified in the Constitution
In determining the power of Congress to regulate commerce in the case of Gibbons v Ogden (1824), the supreme court
defined commerce as virtually every form of commercial activity (boats, people, mad etc.)
A marriage license issued in one state is valid and honored in all states under the constitutional provision of
full faith and credit clause
The tenth amendment
Reserved powers to the states, are those not delegated or enumerated
In its McCulloch v Maryland decision, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of
Supremacy of the national government over the states
The McCulloch v Maryland case dealt with what specific grievance?
State taxing a national government (used elastic clause and interpreted the constitution)
In the Constitution, the powers to coin money, to enter into treaties, and to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the states were given to
Congress
The Supreme Court Case of McCulloch v Maryland (1819)
established the key concept of implied powers, broad construction of the constitution and national supremacy
The constitution's provision that congress has the right to "make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution" is often referred to as the
elastic clause
In cooperative federalism, in order to qualify for federal grant money, cities and states must
follow provisions for adopting and enforcing federal laws
Federal policies to regulate food and drugs, build interstate highways, protect consumers, try to clean up dirty air and water, and do many other things are all justified as _____ of Congress
Implied powers
If the allocation of power under dual federalism were compared to a cake it would be most like
marble cake (swirlyish)
The Supreme Court case of Gibbons v Ogden
dealt with commerce and trade
Enumerated powers are those that are
granted by the constitution
The constitutional requirement t4hat the states return a person charged with a crime in another state to that state for trial or imprisonment is known as
extradition
Grants for specific programs distributed according to community demographic factors, such as population or income are
formula grants
If the allocations of power in a cooperative federal system were compared to a cake it would be most like
a layer cake
Over the last 125 years the people of the United States have turned increasingly to the national government to solve problems or provide assistance because
the national government provides grants
Since the ratification of the Constitution, American federalism has gradually changed from
a dual federalism to a cooperative federalism
Grants that are given more or less automatically to states or communities, which have discretion in deciding how to spend the money are called
block grants
Federal regulation of state governments is usually accomplished through
block grants
The requirement of a drinking age provision before states can receive federal highway is an example of
the national government's ability to influence state policy
Expansions of mandated programs by the national government present especially difficult funding problems for
state and local governments
ESSAY. Define the Constitutional Principle of Federalism. (what are you going to talk about??)
1. Definition/Decentralized
2. Distribution of power
3. Federalism Views - Dual vs Cooperative
4. How $/Grants are distributed/mandates
5. Supremacy Clause
6. Full faith and credit clause, privileges and immunity clause
7. Examples of McCulloch v Maryland, Gibbons v Ogden