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George Washington's Farewell Address

In this, He advised the nation: 1. to stay away from premenant alliances with foreign nations 2. stay away from political parties


a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments

Examples of Federalism

insurance and banking, family and morals, public health, education, health, safety, environment, defense, zoning

Alexander Hamilton

1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.

Federalists Beliefs

wanted a strong federal government, believed in a government with powers that are not forbidden by the Constitution, favored commerce over agriculture

Thomas Jefferson

Virginian, architect, author, governor, and president. Lived at Monticello. Wrote the Declaration of Independence. Second governor of Virgina. Third president of the United States. Designed the buildings of the University of Virginia.

Anti-Federalist Beliefs

(1787-1789) Opponents of the constitution, believed that the Constitution would diminish power of the states, create new merchant-based aristocracy, & w/o declaration of individual rights, threaten personal liberties, also thought republican institutions wouldn't work in large as united states
Leaders: From Virginia: George Mason & Patrick Henry, From Mass: James Winthrop & John Hancock, From Ny: George Clinton


Led by Thomas Jefferson, believed people should have political power, favored strong STATE governments, emphasized agriculture, strict interpretation of the Constitution, pro-French, opposed National Bank (same as anti-federalists)

3 Branches of Government

Legislative, Executive, and Judicial

Legislative Branch

the branch of government that makes the laws.

Judicial Branch

The branch of government that interprets laws

Executive Branch

the branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws

Purpose of 3 Branches

to create checks and balances in order to prevent one figure from having total power


a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)

Elastic Clause

gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers

Marbury v. Madison

This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review

Judicial Review

the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional

Gibbons v. Ogden

Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government

War of 1812

a war (1812-1814) between the United States and England which was trying to interfere with American trade with France

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