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19 terms

General U.S. Government AHSGE

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George Washington's Farewell Address
In this, He advised the nation: 1. to stay away from premenant alliances with foreign nations 2. stay away from political parties
Federalism
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Examples of Federalism
insurance and banking, family and morals, public health, education, health, safety, environment, defense, zoning
Alexander Hamilton
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Federalists Beliefs
wanted a strong federal government, believed in a government with powers that are not forbidden by the Constitution, favored commerce over agriculture
Thomas Jefferson
Virginian, architect, author, governor, and president. Lived at Monticello. Wrote the Declaration of Independence. Second governor of Virgina. Third president of the United States. Designed the buildings of the University of Virginia.
Anti-Federalist Beliefs
(1787-1789) Opponents of the constitution, believed that the Constitution would diminish power of the states, create new merchant-based aristocracy, & w/o declaration of individual rights, threaten personal liberties, also thought republican institutions wouldn't work in large as united states
Leaders: From Virginia: George Mason & Patrick Henry, From Mass: James Winthrop & John Hancock, From Ny: George Clinton
Democratic-Republicans
Led by Thomas Jefferson, believed people should have political power, favored strong STATE governments, emphasized agriculture, strict interpretation of the Constitution, pro-French, opposed National Bank (same as anti-federalists)
3 Branches of Government
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
Legislative Branch
the branch of government that makes the laws.
Judicial Branch
The branch of government that interprets laws
Executive Branch
the branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws
Purpose of 3 Branches
to create checks and balances in order to prevent one figure from having total power
Amendment
a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)
Elastic Clause
gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Judicial Review
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
Gibbons v. Ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
War of 1812
a war (1812-1814) between the United States and England which was trying to interfere with American trade with France