George Washington's Farewell Address
In this, He advised the nation: 1. to stay away from premenant alliances with foreign nations 2. stay away from political parties
Examples of Federalism
insurance and banking, family and morals, public health, education, health, safety, environment, defense, zoning
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
wanted a strong federal government, believed in a government with powers that are not forbidden by the Constitution, favored commerce over agriculture
Virginian, architect, author, governor, and president. Lived at Monticello. Wrote the Declaration of Independence. Second governor of Virgina. Third president of the United States. Designed the buildings of the University of Virginia.
(1787-1789) Opponents of the constitution, believed that the Constitution would diminish power of the states, create new merchant-based aristocracy, & w/o declaration of individual rights, threaten personal liberties, also thought republican institutions wouldn't work in large as united states
Leaders: From Virginia: George Mason & Patrick Henry, From Mass: James Winthrop & John Hancock, From Ny: George Clinton
Led by Thomas Jefferson, believed people should have political power, favored strong STATE governments, emphasized agriculture, strict interpretation of the Constitution, pro-French, opposed National Bank (same as anti-federalists)
the branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws
Purpose of 3 Branches
to create checks and balances in order to prevent one figure from having total power
a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)
gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional