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4 terms

Faciliation and Inhibition Techniques

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Quick stretch-Facilitation
muscle spindle endings detecting length and velocity changes, stretch or tapping over a muscles belly or tendon, activates agonist to contract, reciprocal innervation effect will inhibit the antagonist, activates synergists, response is very temporary, can add resistance to augmaent responses, not appropriate to use in muscles where incresed muscle tone limits function
Prolonged stretch-Inhibitory
muscle spindle and endings Gogi tendon organs, maintained stretch in a lengthened range, dampens muscle contraction, rational fro serial casting and splinting to increase the effect activate the antagonist
Resistance-Facilitation
muscle spindles, resistance given manually or with body weight or gravity, mechanical weights, enhances muscle contractions through recruitment, facilitates synergist, enhances kinesthetic awareness, resistance needs to be graded dependent on pt response and goal, addition recruitment and overflow may be counterproductive to movement goal
Approximation-Facilitation
joint receptors, compression of joint surfaces, manual or mechanical, bouncing, applied in weight bearing, enhances muscular cocontrction, proximal stability and ostural extension, increases kinesthetic awareness and postural stabiltiy, Effective in combination with rhythmic stabilization, contraindicated in inflamed joints