Terms in this set (34)
Describe the responsibilities of the peasant toward the lord an of the lord toward the peasant.
The relationship was established by an exchange of pledges known as the feudal contract. A lord granted his peasants land, which they had to work, as well as any towns or buildings on the land. In return, the lord promised protection. Peasants have to offer loyalty and serve 40 days of military service each year.
Describe three ways the Church shaped medieval life.
The Church was a social center, and a place to worship, some housed relics, and the church tried to protect women. It taught that men and women are equal to God, but on Earth, they were thought to need guidance of a man.
List three functions performed by monks and nuns during medieval times.
Monks looked after poor and sick, and often set up schools for children, gave food and lodging to travelers, and some became missionaries.
Who granted land under feudalism? To whom? What did they get in exchange?
The lord gave land to vassals, who had to work the land, as well as any towns and buildings on the land. In exchange, the vassal had to pledge loyalty to the lord, give certain money payments, 40 days of military service each year, and give advice.
What was the economy of manor based on?
It is based on slavery, although the peasants cannot be bought or sold. They couldn't leave the land without the lords permission.
Why were reforms of Catholic Churches started?
As its wealth and power grew, discipline weakened. Pious Christians left their wealth and lands to monasteries, so nuns and monks started to ignore their vows of poverty.
Benefits to new agricultural technology.
Iron plows which cut deeper into the soil than wooden plows. Also, a new harness was created so that horses, instead of oxen, could pull the plows. This made it way faster.
Explain the Three Field System.
One field was planted with grain, a second with legumes, such as peas and beans, and they loft the third fallow, or unplanted.
Referring to the Middle Ages in Europe or the period of history between ancient and modern times.
Believers of Islam. Biggest religion at this point in time.
A loosely orginized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholding among vassals.
who people pledged their faith to.
Nobles in Europe who served as a mounted warrier for a lord in the middle ages.
Tournament with 2 knight trying to knock each other off their horses with their long poles.
A code of conduct that knights followed.
Sacred ritual of the Roman Catholic Church.
Deliverance from sin and its conferences.
Tax equal to the tenth of their income.
Exclusion from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey church laws.
In the Roman Catholic church, excommunication of an entire region town or kingdom.
Applies to the church itself.
Authority of medieval popes over all secular rulers.
Having to do with worldly rather than religious matters.
Prejudice against Jews.
The selling of church offices.
Money or wealth.
Someone who would pay rent to a lord in order to farm hte land.
Practice of lending money with interest.
In the middle ages, association of merchants or artisans who cooperated to protect their economic interests.
Young person learning trade from a master.
Bill of Exchange
Issued by a banker in one city to a merchant who could exchange it for cash is a distant city.