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Computer Literacy Terms
Terms in this set (116)
The thick-bordered cell where you can enter numbers or formulas in a spreadsheet.
How your text conforms to the left and right margins of a page. The text can be rightaligned, centered, left- aligned, or fully aligned/justified.
AND searches find all of the search terms. For example, searching on dengue AND malaria AND zika returns only results that contain all three search terms. Very limited results.
Animated clip art
A moving clip art graphic.
An application designed to search for viruses and repair files on a computer.
Program or software.
Programs that allow to you accomplish certain tasks such as write letters, analyze numbers, sort files, manage finances, draw pictures, and play games.
The keys on computer keyboard used to move the cursor up, down, left, or right on your screen.
Organizing or sorting information in order from smallest to largest, or A-Z or 1-9.
Acceptable Use Policy. A set of rules and guidelines that are set up to regulate Internet use and to protect the user.
A style of text that makes a letter or word darker and thicker to stand out in a document.
A little box on your screen that you click on with your mouse to accomplish a task. Most buttons contain small pictures (icons) that display what they do, such as a small printer that can be clicked on to print a document.
A horizontal strip of buttons near the top of a window. with commonly used commands. Some programs let you choose to hide or display the button bar, and mix and match buttons to customize a button bar. Also known as a toolbar.
A "hotspot" used in multimedia applications to navigate from one place to another or to activate elements (e.g., sound, movies, animation).
The working of mathematical equations. Formulas that are usually used in spreadsheets allow the computer to automatically perform calculations.
The space at the intersection of a row and column in a spreadsheet.
A way to present information from a spreadsheet in the form of graphs or tables.
A picture showing the relationship of two or more sets of data using a circler.
Drawings you can add to your documents or presentations.
The vertical divisions in a spreadsheet that are named with an alphabetical letter.
To make an exact copy of information in your document, so you can place in order to duplicate it in a new location.
CPU (Central Processing Unit)
The main chip that allows computers to do millions of calculations per second and makes it possible for users to write letters and balance your checkbook.
To give reference to the creator and source of the information used in a presentation.
This is where the action is located on your screen, represented by a flashing line. When you type on your keyboard, the information appears at the cursor.
Software application that helps manage large collections of information. A simple database might be a single file containing many records, with the same set of fields. Data can be sorted and searched by one or more criteria.
A key used to erase characters.
Organizing or sorting information in order from largest to smallest, Z-A or 9-1.
The background on the windows, menus, and dialog boxes on a PC. It is supposed to represent a desk.
Using features of word processing/DTP software to format and produce documents, letters, reports, flyers, and newsletters with graphics.
The part of an Internet address that identifies where a person's account is located. For example, in the address email@example.com the domain is everything after the @.
Sending and receiving messages through a computer network. This process requires a computer, modem or network connection, and an email address. It is convenient because all messages are sent and received immediately over short or long distances.
To make changes in a document or presentation.
The key used to begin a new line in a word processor, or to enter information into a spreadsheet. It is the same as clicking OK in a dialog box.
The field where information is entered in a spreadsheet.
A place in a database record where a category of information can be entered or located.
A set of related records in a database.
Technology that prevents users from visiting inappropriate Web sites, and protects the network from unauthorized users.
The shape and style of text.
To set the margins, tabs, font or line spacing in layout of a document.
Software written and then donated to the public, so anyone is free to copy it and share it with their friends. This is not the same as shareware or commercial software, which is supposed to be paid for.
(Graphic Interchange Format) (Pronounced "jiff.") A file format for pictures, photographs, and drawings that are compressed so that they can be sent across telephone lines quickly. Format widely used on electronic bulletin boards and the Internet and are limited to 256 colors, so they cannot be used for high-end desktop publishing.
A picture shows the relationship of one or more sets of numbers to each other. Some graph types are line, bar, area, and pie graphs.
Images/pictures created, edited, and/or published using a computer.
An unauthorized person who secretly gains access to computer files.
Part of the computer system such as a keyboard, screen, mouse, joystick, printer, speakers, etc.
Highlight or Select
To choose part of a document by clicking and dragging over it with the mouse to highlight the text.
An introductory screen on a Web page on the World Wide Web, used to welcome visitors. A home page can include special text or graphics on which you click to jump to related information on other pages on the Web.
Keys on the keyboard with fingers of the left hand are on A-S-D-F and fingers on the right hand on J-K-L-;.
The name given to a computer directly connected to the Internet. Host computers are associated with computer networks, online services, or bulletin board systems.
Hyperlink or Hypertext
Special text when clicked jumps the user from one related topic to another.
Clip art, graphics or drawings on a computer
To set the first line of a paragraph in from the margin in a word processing document.
Term given to the network of computers that provide information worldwide.
(Joint Photographic Experts Group). A standard for shrinking graphics so they can be sent faster between modems and take up less space on your hard drive. These graphics can be reduced to 5 percent of their original size, but the image quality deteriorates.
The hardware device used to enter letters into the computer.
A word or reference point used to describe content on a Web page that search engines use to properly index the page.
The term given to the words entered on a spreadsheet usually naming a column.
The page setup that permits a document to be printed in a horizontal position.
A graph used to display trends and compare data.
The span between lines of text.
Moving in a straight line or path; a multimedia presentation that moves in a straight line from image to image.
Connections that bridge one image, page, or word to another by clicking on a highlighted word or phrase.
The device with a screen used to show computer images.
A tool used to move the cursor and pointer around the screen.
To use a combination of text, pictures, sounds, movies, and/ or animation in a presentation.
A system of connected computers that allows the sharing of files and equipment. There are two types of networks: local area network (LAN) and wide area network (WAN).
Not moving in a straight line or path; a multimedia presentation that transitions from one image to another in an order that is preset, but not necessarily in a straight path - Example: a non-linear presentation can transition from image 1 to image 3 and back to image 1. using menus/branching.
The portion of a keyboard, set up like an adding machine or calculator used to enter numbers and equations quickly into the computer.
Internet information available to a computer user.
Precautions taken to protect personal information and images from being misused by others.
OR searches find one term or the other. Searching on dengue OR malaria OR zika returns all items that contain any of the three search terms. Returns a large number of results.
Page Set Up
The term in reference to the way a document is formatted to print.
A code for the security protection to allow access to a computer or the computer programs.
To insert the last information that was cut or copied into a document. Cut and paste can be used to move information within or between documents.
Pictures used to create a bar graph chart.
Circle graph divided into pieces that look like portions of a pie.
The default page setup that prints the document vertically.
To put what is on the computer screen on paper. It creates a paper copy of the document created on a computer.
A hardware device used to make a paper copy of what is created on the computer.
Computer-assisted data collection tools.
Software written and then donated to the public. Anyone can use and copy public domain software free of charge, but it is not always the same quality as commercial software.
A collection of related field and entries.
Open a saved document.
The horizontal divisions in a spreadsheet named with a number.
To storing information on a floppy disk, hard drive or CD for later use. Work should be saved often, every 5 or 10 minutes, to make sure your latest changes are safely recorded.
To save a document with a new name.
To look for specific information on the Internet or computer.
Software that searches, gathers and identifies information from a database based on keywords, indices, titles and text.
There are 3 basic ways to begin a search. 1. Try to guess at the URL. 2. Use Subject directories provided by some search engines. The selected resources are grouped by subject, categories, and subcategories that can be used for keyword search or to browse the categories. 3. Use a search engine for large searches using unique keywords or combinations of keywords to narrow the search.
Protection of computer, computer files or a computer network from use without permission of the owner or owners.
Select or Highlight
To choose part of a document by clicking and dragging over it with the mouse to highlight the text.
A special computer used to store programs and files and then sends them out to other computers one by one or all at a time.
Software that can be tried before you purchase.
Programs that allow you to accomplish certain tasks such as write letters, analyze numbers, sort files, manage finances, draw pictures, and play games.
Arranging information in a specific order (usually ascending and descending).
An application that can be used to do calculations, analyze and present data. It includes tools for organizing, managing, sorting and retrieving data and testing "what if " statements. It has a chart feature that displays numerical data as a graph.
Stand Alone Computer
A computer that does not rely upon any other computer or server to work.
A graphic organizer used for planning and developing a multimedia report/presentation. The contents, layout, and formatting of each card/slide and the linking together of the cards/slides.
Columns and rows of cells that can be filled with text that are used to organize information.
The act of sending and receiving information, such as data, text, pictures, voice, and video. The exchange of information can be within a building or around the globe.
Words on a page.
A feature in most word processors used to replace a word in a document with one that is more suitable and adds variety to your writing.
Uniform Resource Locator. Web site address.
First part of an email address. Example: support is the user name of the following email address. firstname.lastname@example.org
The term for a number in a spreadsheet that can be added, subtracted, multiplied or divided.
The intentional act of destroying computer files or computer networks.
A computer program designed to damage computer files.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL). Example: http://www.k12.org
Using keyboarding skills to produce documents such as letters, reports, manuals, and newsletters.
This occurs when you get to the end of a line and continue typing the text will then go to the next line.
A computer file designed to do damage that goes through a computer and possibly a network.
(World Wide Web) The section of the Internet that allows access to text, graphics, sound, and even video. A lot of free information can be found on the WWW.
An acronym for "What You See Is What You Get" and is pronounced "wizzy wig." WYSIWYG simply means that the text and graphics shown on your screen exactly match your printouts.
NOT eliminates items that contain the specified term. Searching on malaria NOT zika returns items that are about malaria, but will specifically NOT return items that contain the word zika. This is a way to fine-tune results. Note: sometimes AND NOT is used; serves the same function as NOT.
A peripheral device used to enter information into a computer.
any peripheral that presents data from the computer
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