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30 terms

Chapter 9

AP U.S. History study guide for Chapter 9.
STUDY
PLAY
True/Fasle: The American Revolution created a substantial, though not radical, push in the direction of social & political equality.
True
True/False: The movement toward the separation of the church & state was greatly accelerated by the disestablishment of the Anglican Church in Virginia.
True
True/False: After the Revolution, slavery was abolished in New York & Pennsylvania, but continued to exist in New England and the South.
True
True/False: Drawing up a written fundamental law in a special constitutional convention and then submitting the document directly to the people for ratification was an important new idea of the Revolutionary period.
True
True/False: The state governments after the Revolution stayed mostly under the tight political control of the eastern seaboard elite.
False
True/False: The United States experienced hard economic times and some social discontent during the years of the Confederation.
True
True/False: The greatest failure of the national government under the Articles of Confederation was its inability to deal with the issue of western lands.
True
True/False: The Articles of Confederation were weak because they contained neither an executive nor power to tax and regulate commerce.
True
True/False: The Northwest Ordinance originally attempted to make the western territories permanent colonial possessions of the United States.
False
True/False: Shay's Rebellion significantly strengthened the movement for a stronger central government by raising the fear of anarchy among conservatives.
True
True/False: The states send their delegates to Philadelphia in 1787 for the purpose of writing a new Constitution with a strong central government.
False
True/False: The delegates of the Constitutional Convention were all extremely wealthy slave-holders.
False
True/False: The "Great Compromise" between large and small states at the convention resulted in a bicameral legislature with different principles of representation in each.
True
True/False: The antifederalists opposed the Constitution partly because they thought it gave too much power to the states and not enough to the Congress.
False
The federalists used tough political maneuvering and the promise of a bill of rights to win a narrow ratification of the Constitution in key states.
True
Among the important changes brought about by the American Revolution was...
The increasing separation of church and state
A major new political innovation that emerged in the Revolutionary era was...
The shifting power from the legislative to the executive branch of government
Despite the Revolution's emphasis on human rights and equality, the Founding Fathers failed to abolish slavery because...
*
The idea of "Republican Motherhood" that emerged from the American Revolution held that...
Women had a special responsibility to cultivate the "civic virtues" of republicanism in their children
In the new state constitutions written after the Revolution, the most powerful branch of government was...
Legislative
One was that American independence actually harmed the nations economic fortunes was by...
Cutting off American trade with the British empire
Attempts to establish strong governments in post-Revolutionary America were seriously hindered by...
*
The primary political obstacle to the formation of the first American government under the Articles of Confederation was...
*
The greatest weakness of the government under the Articles of Confederation was that...
It had no power to establish relations with foreign governments
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 provided that...
After sufficient population growth, western territories could be organized and then join the union as states
Shay's Rebellion contributed to the movement for a new constitution by...
Demonstrating the desire of western farmers for a strong government to assist them
Besides George Washington, among the most influential figures in the Constitution Convention were...
Benjamin Franklin, James Madison & Alexander Hamilton
The "Great Compromise" in the Constitutional Convention provided that...
There would be representation by the population in the House of Representatives, but equal representation of all states in the Senate
Antifederalists generally found their greatest support among...
The poorer debtors and farmers
The crucial successes in the fight for ratification occurred in the states of...
Massachusetts, Virginia & New York