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38 terms

Chapter 4

The Maturing Colonial Society
Colonial American in the first half of the eighteenth century experienced
population growth and economic development
Which of the following statements concerning immigrants to colonial America during the first half of the 18th century is correct?
Most German speaking immigrants settled in Pennsylvania
New Englanders opted for more of a mixed economy than settlers in the middle or southern colonies because in New England
availability and productivity of land was limited
Most immigrants to colonial America after 1713 were
slaves and indentured servants
In contrast to their 17th century predecessors, indentured servants of the 18th century
faced fewer chances of becoming independent landholders
What is not a reflection of Benjamin Franklins utilitarian philosophy
Men are only sinners in the hands of an angry God.
Compared to her English counterpart, the 18th century northern colonial woman
enjoyed broader legal and property rights
All of the following occurred as a result of English settlement except
summers became hotter and winters colder
The Chesapeake colonies of the early 18th century witnessed
increasing profitability of, and thus reliance upon, tobacco cultivation
The vast majority of inhabitants along the coast of South Carolina by the 1740s consisted of
black slaves
The elimination of slave rights by English settlers in the New World
allowed masters to treat slaves with brutality and intimidation
In contrast to slaves in the southern colonies, slaves in the northern colonies
adapted to European ways much faster
There was no North American parallel to the massive slave uprisings of the Caribbean or South America because in North America
Which of the following factors helped temper rebellion and offer comfort to colonial slaves
religion and family life
The typical master in colonial America wished to convert the slave into a
mindless drudge who obeyed every command
France's interior empire in North America
had many settlements that were mixed-race communities
In contrast to conditions in the English colonies. life in New Spain was characterized by greater
racial inter mixture
As a result of extensive contact with European colonizers during the early 18th century, Native American tribes of the interior
altered patterns of tribal life and leadership
The advent of "modern" life occurred first in the seaboard centers of colonial America, including the transition from a
barter to a commercial economy
Colonial merchants of the early 18th century
integrated American produces and consumers in the Atlantic basin trading system.
For urban artisans in colonial America
a major goal was economic independence
The social structure of American colonial cities from 1960 to 1770 was influenced by
an increasing gap between the wealthy and the poor.
Probate records, especially household inventories, help historians examine a past communities
social transformation
According to the entrepreneurial ethos, government would provide for the general welfare by
All of the following represent theories of Enlightenment thinkers except the notion that
God predetermined the contents of the human mind
Even while the importation of slaves to American increased in the early eighteenth century
contradicted the Christian concept of brotherhood
Perhaps the most pressing problem facing clergymen in the early 18th century and a cause for the Great Awakening was the
pervasiveness of religious apathy.
The religious revival known as the Great Awakening
emphasized an emotional rather than intellectual approach to religion.
Which of the following might not be considered a legacy of the Great Awakening
Englishmen of the eighteenth century feared that anarchy or mob rule would result from an excessive reliance upon
Royal checks on colonial lawmaking operated imperfectly in the 18th century primarily because of the
time lag in English response to colonial action.
Unlike members of the English House of Commons, colonial representatives
Bostons imprisonment riot of 1747 illustrated the
willingness of Americans to resist forcefully arbitrary power
During the early 18th century colonial assemblies
gained the power of the purse
The most important government for colonial New Englanders was the
town meeting
According to the Whig ideology, the best defense against corruption and tyranny rested in the
eternal vigilance by the people
Evangelicalism refers to religious beliefs or churches that emphasize
individual faith and authority of the Christian gospel
An artisan is a person who
is manually skilled in making a particular product.