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156 terms

PCOM: Medical Terminology, week 5 - oncology, female reproductive system

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amni/o
amnion
cervic/o
cervix, neck
chori/o, chorion/o
chorion
colp/o
vagina
culd/o
cul-de-sac
episi/o
vulva
galact/o
milk
gynec/o
woman, female
hyster/o
uterus, womb
lact/o
milk
mamm/o
breast
mast/o
breast
men/o
menses, menstruation
metr/o, metri/o
uterus
my/o, myom/o
muscle, muscle tumor
nat/i
birth
obstetr/o
pregnancy and childbirth
o/o
egg
oophor/o
ovary
ov/o
egg
ovari/o
ovary
ovul/o
egg
perine/o
perinium
phor/o
to bear
salping/o
fallopian tubes
uter/o
uterus
vagin/o
vagina
vulv/o
vulva
-arche
beginning
-cyesis
pregnancy
-gavida
pregnant
-parous
bearing, bringing forth
-rrhea
discharge
-salpinix
uterine tube
-tocia
labor, birth
-version
act of turning
dys-
painful, difficult, abnormal
endo-
within
in-
in
intra-
within
multi-
many
nulli-
no, not, none
pre-
before
primi-
first
retro-
backward
adnexa uteri
Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments
amnion
innermost membrane sac surrounding the developing fetus
areola
dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple
cervix
lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
chorion
outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo
clitoris
organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra
coitus
sexual intercourse
corpus luteum
empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally: yellow body
embryo
state in prenatal development from 2-6 weeks
endometrium
inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
estrogen
hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics
fallopian tube
one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
fertilizaton
union of the sperm cell and ovum from qhich the embryo develops
fetus
stage in prenatal development from 6-39 or 40 weeks
fimbriae
finger- or fringe- like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell
gamete
male of female sexual reproduction cell; sperm cell or ovum
genitalia
reproductive organs; also called genitals
gestation
period of fertilization of the ovum to birth
gonad
female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary or testes
gynecology
study of female reproductive organs inculding the breasts
human chorionic gonadotropin (hGC)
hormone produces by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the mother's ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
hymen
mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina
labia
lips of the vagina; majora and minora
lactiferous Ducts
tubes that carry milk within the breast
leutinizing hormone (LH)
hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation
mammary papilla
nipple of the breast
menarche
beginning of the first menstrual period
menopause
gradual ending of the menstruation
menstruation
monthly shedding of the uterine lining
myometrium
muscle layer of the uterus
neonatology
study of the disorders and care of the newborn
obstetrics
medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
orifice
an opening
ovarian follicle
developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary.
ovary
one of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis. Almond shaped, the size of large walnuts; produce egg cells and hormones
ovulation
release of the ovum from the ovary
parturition
act of giving birth
perineum
in females, the area between the anus and vagina
pituitary gland
endocrine gland at the base of the brain
placenta
vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy and is the communication between mother and fetal bloodstreams
pregnancy
condition in a female of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks
progesterone
hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women
puberty
point in the life cycle at which the ability to reproduce begins
uterine serosa
outermost layer surrounding the uterus
uterus
hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop
vagina
muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
vulva
external female genitalia including: labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice
zygote
stage in prenatal development from fertilization to 2 weeks
cali/o, calic/o
calyx
cyst/o
urinary bladder
glomerul/o
glomerulus
meat/o
meatus
nephr/o
kidney
pyel/o
renal pelvis
ren/o
kidney
trigon/o
trigone
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
vsic/o
urinary bladder
albumin/o
albumin
azot/o
nitrogen
bacteri/o
bacteria
dips/o
thirst
ket/o, keton/o
ketone bodies
lith/o
stone
noct/o
night
olig/o
scanty
-poetin
substance that forms
py/o
pus
-tripsy
to crush
ur/o
urine (urea)
urin/o
urine
-uria
urination; urine condition
-genesis
formation
-one
hormone
-pexy
fixation, put in place
-stomy
new opening
arteriole
small artery
bowman capsule
enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus
calyx
cup like collecting region of the renal pelvis
catheter
tube for injecting or removing fluids
cortex
outer region
creatinine
waste product of muscle metabolism; nitrogenous waste excreted in urine
electrolyte
chemical element with a negative charge in water
erythropoetin
hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate production of red blood cells by bone marrow
filtration
passive process by which some substances pass through a filter or other material
glomerulus
tiny ball of capillaries in the kidney
hilum
depression or hollow in the part of an organ where blood vessels enter and leave
kidney
one of two bean shaped organs behind the abdominal cavity
meatus
opening or canal
medulla
inner region
micturition
urination; the act of voiding
nephron
combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption and secretion take place in the kidney.
nitrogenous waste
substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine
potassium (K+)
an electrolyte important to body processed, concentration levels in the blood regulated by the kidney
reabsorption
renal tubules return materials necessary to the body back to the bloodstream
renal artery
blood vessel supplying the kidney
renal pelvis
central collecting region in the kidney
renal tubule
microscopic tube in the kidney in which urine is formed after filtration
renal vein
blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney
renin
enzymatic hormone produced, stored and secreted by the kidney; raises blood pressure by influencing vasoconstriction
Na+
electrolyte regulated in the blood and urine by the kidneys
trigone
triangular area in the urinary bladder in which the ureters enter and the urethra exits
urea
major nitrogenous waste product secreted in urine
ureter
tube leading from the kidney to the urinary bladder
urethra
tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
uric acid
nitrogenous waste excreted in urine
urinary bladder
hollow muscular sac that holds and stores urine
urination
process of expelling urine
voiding
emptying of urine from the urinary bladder