Upgrade to remove ads
Reproduction and Cell Division with Genetics and Heredity Vocabulary
Terms in this set (23)
Single specialized sex cell from a female merges with a single specialized cell from a male.
Prokaryotes (single-celled organisms) and eukaryotic cells reproduce themselves through cell division. Only one parent cell is needed.
A type of sexual reproduction. A form of cell division that allows offspring to have the same number of chromosomes as their parent. Only sex cells (gametes) undergo meiosis. The cell division in meiosis produces half the chromosomes. In humans its 23. 23 male and 23 female.
A type of sexual reproduction with a male gamete (sperm cell) with half the body's chromosomes and a female gamete (egg cell) with half of the body's chromosomes, joining to combine the chromosomes of both parents, creating one cell with the total number of chromosomes for that organism.
A type of asexual reproduction in which the nucleus of a cell divides into two identical daughter cells, each containing a complete set of chromosomes. Eukaryotic cells undergo mitosis.
The specialized sex cell, or gamete, of the male organism.
The specialized sex cell, or gamete, of the female organism.
Specialized sex cells in sexual reproduction. Male and Female.
A segment of DNA that controls the protein production and the cell cycle. It contains the set of instructions for an inherited trait. It is basic physical unit of heredity.
Cell structures that carry the genetic material (DNA) that is copied and passed from generation to generation..
An inherited characteristic that is an observable trait of an organism that masks the recessive trait. It appears in the first generation of offspring.
An inherited characteristic that is not apparent (can't see it) and is masked by dominant trait.
The passing of traits from one generation to the next.
The entire makeup of an organism; the combination of genes for one or more specific traits.
An organism's appearance or other detectable characteristic.
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in several generations of a family.
A 2x2 table (or chart) that is used to organize all the possible combinations of offspring from particular parents.
An organism with two dominant (PP) or two recessive (pp) alleles.
An organism with one dominant (P) or one Recessive (p) alleles (Pp)
A combination of different traits of a single characteristic in a organism. Crossing of traits is common in plants and animals.
Offspring with the same genetic traits as its parent. (A purple flower plant will always have offspring with purple flowers.)
One of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a characteristic, such as hair color.
Pairs of chromosomes.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 12- Mendel and Meiosis
Heredity and Reproduction
Science vocab 112-123
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
2.01 Types of Retailers
Heath science II Portfolio Leadership: Vital signs
Civics and Economics Unit 2