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Terms in this set (26)
Refers to the tune of a piece of music . Made up of pitches, frequency of vibration, and scales.
sounds that have frequency of vibration
Frequency of vibration
determines whether the sound is high or low
the alphabet that is used as the basis of a piece of music. Where pitches come from.
How are many pieces of music organized?
How the melody is used
What does most of the music we hear today have the melody of?
Vocal Line melody
all the pitches that aren't the melody. It has the ability to make us "feel" certain ways when we hear different types of music
How we refer to harmony. Three or more pitches played simultaneously.
bright, triumphant sound
brooding and somber
major and minor harmonies
the two most common types of harmonies. Often taken to imply the emotional states of happy versus sad or something similar, such as confident versus fearful, etc.
The aspect of music that animates us, it makes it feel like its alive and vibrant. The element of music that we feel physically.
The basic, underlying pulse of the music. Often felt in groups of two, three, or four with the first note of the group being accented and the rest unaccented.
The organization of beats into regularly recurring groups of beats
How the time of music is organized. Depend on the balance of repetition and contrast.
Repetition and Contrast
Helps achieve the organization of time
Type of single-movement form consisting of an opening section of music with certain characteristics, a contrasting section, and a return to the original music at the end. This is also known as three-part form or ternary form.
The relative complexity of the combination of sounds in a composition
A kind of texture with one melodic line and nothing else going on.
Several melodic lines occurring simultaneously
A kind of texture with one melodic line and some kind of accompaniment
the quality of sound that allows us to perceive differences between instruments and voices. Often called the "tone color" of a sound.
Music from the Catholic Church
sacred motets and masses
Most music composed by monks
Secular Music by the troubadours and trouveres
Italy and France
-Eye toward developing a systemic harmonic language
-Saw an increasing awareness on the part of composers of the importance of harmony
-ricercar and canzon genres
-Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter Reformation
-Italy and the Netherlands
-harmonic language that is one of the defining elements of Western art music today established
-melodies tended to be played by the highest pitched instruments
-Violin family became foundation for orchestra
-composers worked for either the church or court
-Germany, England, Italy
-music reflected the wealthy ruling class that paid for it
-Most music was composed according to established forms and conventions
-saw the rise in importance of music that emphasized thematic development
-symphonies, concertos, and string quartets
-opera spreads from Italy throughout Europe
-Germany and Austria
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