Caused by a lack of insulin, the hormone which controls the level of glucose in the blood.
The pancreas produces much too little insulin and in some cases, no insulin at all.
Type 1 diabetes can be controlled by:
- diet: avoiding too much sugary foods and carbohydrates in the diet.
- injection: of insulin usually into the subcutaneous fat.
Injecting insulin will make the liver remove excess glucose from the digested food.
In Type 1 diabetes, the level of physical activity and diet affect the amount of insulin required.