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Psych 2311: Exam 2
Terms in this set (26)
the higher a person's intrinsic motivation, the higher their persistence is
the greater people experience interest, enjoyment, satisfaction, and challenge of the work itself, the higher people being creative
to promote compliance (engagement in the activity)
what is the intended primary effect of rewards?
undermines intrinsic motivation, interferes with the quality and process of learning, and interferes with the capacity for autonomous self regulation
what is the unintended primary effect of rewards?
the process by which extrinsic rewards can sometimes displace internal motivation
side effects of punishers
negative emotionality and modeling, impaired relationship
long term consequences of spanking
greater aggressiveness, greater antisocial behavior, mental health challenges, less likely to internalize moral lessons, erodes trust, parent child bond
four reasons not to use extrinsic motivation
1) extrinsic motivators still undermine the quality of performance and interfere with the process of learning
2) using rewards distracts attention away from the hard question of why another person is being asked to do an uninteresting task in the first place
3) there are better ways to encourage participation other than extrinsic bribery
4) extrinsic motivators undermine the individual's long term capacity for autonomous self-regualtion
cognitive evaluation theory
a way for predicting the effects that any extrinsic event will have on motivation; explains how an extrinsic event affects extrinsic and intrinsic motivations, as mediated by the event's effect on the psychological needs for competence and autonomy
control behavior, inform competence
which two functions do all external events have?
the more you feel the PLOC is inside of you, the more you want to do something
the more perceived competence you have, the more you intrinsic motivation you have
events relevant to the initiation and regulation of behavior have three potential aspects, each with functional significance
facilitates an internal PLOC and perceived competence thus enhancing intrinsic motivation
facilitates an external PLOC and thus undermining intrinsic motivation while promoting extrinsic motivation
facilitates perceived incompetence thus undermining intrinsic motivation while promoting amoitvation
the extent to which you feel you are changing your own outcomes
"i do this so i can make money"
"i do this to avoid guilt or build my self esteem"
"i do this because it is important"
"i do this because its in line with my values"
provide a rationale- why its important, and build interest
how can you motivate others to do uninteresting activities?
an inherent source of motivation that generates the desire to interact with the environment so as to advance personal growth, social development, and psychological well being
autonomy, relatedness, competence
what are the 3 psychological needs
the psychological need to experience self direction and personal endorsement in the initiation and regulation of ones behavior
internal PLOC, volition, perceieved choice
3 subjective qualities within the experience of autonomy
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