ATI TEAS 7 SCIENCE PART B

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Regulate function of male and female reproductive systems, are both produced in a synchronized manner by the anterior pituitary gland.
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Terms in this set (51)
Which of the following comparisons between arteries and veins is TRUE?
Veins have valves, and arteries do not.
Veins have thick, muscular walls, while arteries have thin, more compliant walls.
Veins have a smaller diameter than arteries.
Veins carry freshly oxygenated blood from tissue back to the heart, while arteries carry oxygen-depleted blood away from the heart.
The boundary of each sarcomere.Z-discGas exchange between the blood and alveoli would be enhanced by ______________, but impeded by __________________. * decreased membrane thickness; increased alveolar surface area * increased tidal volume; decreased membrane thickness * increased alveolar surface area; increased membrane thickness * decreased respiratory rate; increased tidal volumeincreased alveolar surface area; increased membrane thicknessWhich of the following is true of insulin and glucagon? Please select all that apply. * Secretion of insulin and glucagon is regulated by the pituitary gland. * Insulin and glucagon have opposite effects on blood calcium levels but work together to maintain homeostasis. * The pancreas secretes insulin and glucagon. * Insulin and glucagon regulate the level of calcium in the blood. * Insulin and glucagon regulate the level of glucose in the blood. * Insulin and glucagon have opposite effects on blood glucose but work together to maintain homeostasis.* The pancreas secretes insulin and glucagon. * Insulin and glucagon regulate the level of glucose in the blood. * Insulin and glucagon have opposite effects on blood glucose but work together to maintain homeostasis.The majority of nutrient absorption occurs in the _________________.small intestineMatch the following structures to their function. Drag and drop tiles in the appropriate box. Sort elements Penis Vagina Vas deferens Uterus Sperm channel from the epididymis to the penis External sex organ of a male Copulatory organ of the female Implantation site of a zygoteSperm channel from the epididymis to the penis-Vas deferens Copulatory organ of the female -Vagina External sex organ of a male-Penis Implantation site of a zygote- UterusWhich of the following causes bone matrix resorption during bone growth and remodeling? Osteons Osteoclasts Osteocytes OsteoblastsOsteoclastsWhat are the resident macrophages of the bones, which are essential for bone matrix resorption during bone growth and remodeling.OsteoclastsWhat are the cells responsible for bone matrix synthesis and calcification, while osteocytes are responsible for maintenance of calcified bone matrix.OsteoblastsWhat are the structural unit of compact bone characterized by concentric bone layers surrounding a central canal.OsteonsWhich of the following antigen-specific immune cells produce cytokines, which facilitate various immune reactions? Helper T-cell Macrophage cell Cytotoxic T-cell B-cellHelper T-cellWhat produce cytokines?Helper T-cellsWhat are responsible for producing immunoglobulins or antibodies?B-cellsWhat directly attack and destroy pathogens?Cytotoxic cellsHelper T-cells, cytotoxic cells and B-cells are allantigen-specific immune cells.What cells are part of non-specific innate immune system which engulf and destroy bacteria and cellular debris during infection and injury.MacrophageWhich of the following is a function of the epidermis? Please select all that apply. It contains many blood vessels that can constrict or dilate for thermoregulation It functions as a major component of the adaptive immune system It functions as a major component of the innate immunity It protects underlying tissue from chemicals. It protects underlying tissues from abrasions. It stores fatIt functions as a major component of the innate immunity It protects underlying tissue from chemicals. It protects underlying tissues from abrasions.What is the outermost layer of the skin, protects underlying tissues from abrasions, heat, microbes, and chemicals.epidermisMovement of molecules in a substance depends on _______ energy. heat UV X-ray Gamma rayheatWhich of the following statements is true about hydrogen bonds? They form between a partial positively charged region on one molecule and the partial negatively charged region on another molecule They are considered strong attractive forces They result from the attraction between ions that have no charge They don't affect the properties of water in any wayThey form between a partial positively charged region on one molecule and the partial negatively charged region on another moleculeWhich of the following is the most plausible sequence of events? Born into musical family; grows up around music; starts learning guitar; plays concert Extensive car use; air pollution; less people with asthma; less healthcare expenses Poaching more rhinos; more export rhino horn goods; more goods with a lower economic value; economy boost Walk in the woods; stung by bee; given morphine; early deathBorn into musical family; grows up around music; starts learning guitar; plays concertWhich would be the approximate mass of a car? 18 kg 1,800 kg 180 kg 180,000 kg1,800 kgThe same single-replacement reaction is run in two different beakers. The beakers are labeled as Beaker A and B and are heated to 75oC and 100oC, respectively. If the reactions are run for 15 minutes each, which of the following results would you expect to observe? Beaker A produces more product than Beaker B The two beakers produce the same amount of product Beaker B produces more product than Beaker A No products are produced in either beakerBeaker B produces more product than Beaker AEnzymes are biological catalysts that ___________. Bind to the products Are necessary to convert substrate into products Use up the substrate molecules in the reaction Increase the rate of any given reactionIncrease the rate of any given reactionWhy are control groups used in experiments? To increase the amount of data collected To minimize the effect of variables To help scientists quickly perform experiments To ensure the accuracy of measurementsTo minimize the effect of variablesWhich of the following describes cellular respiration?It is an oxidative catabolic activityWhich of the following types of tissues functions in the covering, lining, and protection of surfaces and body cavities?Epithelial tissueThe respiratory system is composed of organs that facilitate gas exchange between the blood and the external environment. Which of the following describes the group of organs that function during gas exchange?Organ SystemWhite blood cells contain many _________ because they need to dispose of harmful intruders such as bacteria and viruses. Which of the following options correctly completes the statement above?lysosomesare the organelles responsible for generating energy-rich molecules for the cell.mitochondriacollects small molecules and combines them to make more complex molecules within the cell. Then it packages up the complex molecules to either store or to send out of the cell.golgi appartatusare responsible for protein synthesis. mRNA is translated into proteins by the ribosomes.ribosomesWhich of the following organ systems is correctly paired with its function?Endocrine / regulation of homeostasis through hormone signalingis responsible for regulating homeostasis through hormone signaling.endocrine systemis responsible for obtaining nutrients through the breakdown and absorption of food.Gastrointestinal systemis responsible for transport of substance to all tissues of the body.Cardiovascular systemis responsible for providing the first layer of protection from outside pathogens.Integumentary systemWhich of the following correctly describes anatomical position?Upright, arms at sides, palms facing anteriorlyHIV is a virus that destroys the body's defense against diseases by inserting itself into the host's DNA. In which part of the infected host cell will HIV virus be found?Nucleusare the sites for protein synthesis.ribosomesbreak down fatty acids to be used for forming membranes and as fuel for respiration. They also transfer hydrogen from compounds to oxygen to create hydrogen peroxide and then convert hydrogen peroxide into water.Peroxisomesare organelles that contain digestive enzymes. They digest excess or worn out cell parts, food, and engulfed viruses or bacteria.Lysosomes