Create an account
Memory that is suggested/implied, but not plainly expressed, as illustrated in things that people do but don't state clearly
Memories of events experienced by a person or that take place in the person's presence
The activation of specific associations in memory, often as a result of repetition and without making a conscious effort to access the memory
Memory for past events, activities, and learning experiences, as shown by explicit (episodic and semantic) and implicit memories
Memory to perform an act in the future, as at a certain time or when a certain event occurs
Modifying information so that it can be placed in memory. The first stage is information processing
Self-awareness of the ways in which memory functions, allowing the person to encode, store, and retrieve information effectively
The kind of coding in which new information is related to information that is already known
The location of stored information and its return to consciousness. The third stage of information processing
The first stage of memory that occurs as one encounters a stimulus. Holds impressions briefly, but long enough so that series of perceptions are psychologically continuous
A system of memory that holds information briefly, but long enough so that it can be processed further
The type or stage of memory that can hold information for up to a minute or so after the trace of stimulus decays. Also called working memory, 7+or-2 is the limit, within 7 minutes someone can remember something, past that point they usually can't remember it unless they put it into their long-term memory
In memory theory, to cause information to be lost from short-term memory by adding new information
In Freud's psychodynamic theory, the ejection of anxiety-evoking ideas from conscious awareness
A way of mentally representing the world, such as a belief or an expectation, that can influence perception of persons, objects and situations
Often reconstructed, no known limit for amount of information stored in long-term memory
Tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) phenomenon
The feeling that information is stored in memory although it cannot be readily retrieved, also known as feeling-of-knowing experience
Memory that is more easily retrieved when in the context or setting in which said memory was encoded and stored, or learned
Memory that is more easily retrieved when in the physiological or emotional state in which it was encoded and stored, or learned
Knowing what you're supposed to do in a certain situation through memory; e.g. going to a restaurant and knowing that you are supposed to sit down, look at the menu, order, etc.
Nonsense syllables (Ebbinghaus)
Depend on acoustic coding and maintenance rehearsal, CVC strings (consonant, vowel, consonant)
Method of Savings
A measure of retention in which the difference between the number of repetitions originally required to learn a list and the number of repetitions required to relearn the list after a certain amount of time has elapsed is calculated
The theory that we may forget stored material because other learning interferes with it
Older learning interferes with the capacity to retrieve more recently learned material, old to new
Cognitive explanations: No interest in remembering the past, Specific episodes versus networks of memories, Unreliable use of symbolic language
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together