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Peds skin: Epidermal Birthmarks
Terms in this set (7)
Present in the first year of life
Warty to papillomatous plaques, often in a linear array
Range in color from skin-colored to dirty yellow to brown
Are Epidermal Nevus a bad sign?
Not always, but the condition of widespread epidermal nevi associated with other developmental anomalies (central nervous system, eye, and skeletal) is called the epidermal nevus syndrome.
How do you treat epidermal nevus?
once or twice daily topical calcipotriene may flatten some lesions
The only definitive cure is surgical excision
- diagnosed by the appearance at birth of a yellowish, hairless plaque in the scalp or on the face
- represents an overabundance of sebaceous glands without hair follicles
Nevus sebaceus and Epidermal nevus
Nevus sebaceus lesions can be contiguous with an epidermal nevus on the face, and widespread lesions can constitute part of the epidermal nevus syndrome
During Puberty the Nevus Sebaceus changes
At puberty, with androgenic stimulation, the sebaceous cells in the nevus divide, expand their cellular volume, and synthesize sebum, resulting in a warty mass
How do we treat the Nevus sebaceus?
Surgical removal at puberty is recommended by most experts because approximately 15% of these lesions will develop secondary epithelial tumors, including basal cell carcinomas (BCC), trichoblastomas, and other benign tumors.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Module 6-Acne Vulgaris:
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