Terms in this set (22)
Absolute Monarchy and example of one
gov led by one individual; king or queen. he who is born into royalty and holds supreme authority. Jordan is an example
dictatorship and example
system of rule in which one person, a dictator or a small group of people dictates and holds unlimited power over a government by violence and force, example is cuba
oligarchy and example
rule by a small group of powerful people make government decisions for their own benefit. Membership in the ruling group is usually based on wealth, fmailiy, or military power. Example is ancient greece Sparta
Totaltarian Regimes and example
Dictator holds unlimited authority, Governemt tightly holds power over all aspects of life, political, social and economic. No formal or informal limits on government. Example: North Korea.
Theocracy and Example
Rulers claim to represent and be directed by a set of religious ideas. Laws are rooted in a particular religious document, Government power is unlimited. Example: Iran
direct democracy and example
Government by the people, when citizens meet regularly in a popular assembly to discuss issues and vote for leaders works well in smaller communites like ancient greece Athens
Constitutional Monarchy and Example
King or queen acts as head of the state, the ability to make and pass legislation is in the hands of an elected parliament. The law limits the power of the monarch. Example: United Kingdom
republic/ representative democracy and example
indirect form of democracy places political decision one step away from the people by the people electing goverment officails for set terms to make decisions in their behalf. Example: The US, and ancient rome
unitary system and example
ultimate authority rests in a single national government, and regional governments carry out decisions made by the central government. Example is United Kingdom and Japan
federal system and example
divides power over territory between national, state and regional governments. All levels have the power to make laws, elect officails and create agencies. Example is the US and India
confederal (confederate) system
independent states join together by forming a central government called confederation and delagate limited powers to a central government to pursue areas of common interest. The Central gov oly has powers that were given by the state. Example is the US under the articles and the European Union
Many of the worlds democracies are modeled off of Great Britians Parlamentary system where the executive and legislative branches are combined and in place of a popularly elected president there is a prime minister which is chosen by the elected parliment. It is easier to pass laws, but the disatvantage is the prime minister is not chosen by the people directly.
many govs are modeled off the Us predidental system. it is distinguished by having a president that is elected by the people for a limited term in office where the president is in charge of the duties of the executive branch but decisions are balanced out by a legislative branch.
How do dictators tend to hold on to their power
by force, usually violently by overthrowing a government rule by fear of the people
Why are representative democracies more common than direct democracies?
direct democracy is more common in smaller countries and communities rather than large areas
How are republics and democracies similar and different from one another?
They both elect leaders and vote on their laws but republics are indirect more as democracies are direct
What were the duties of the senate in the roman republic?
Advise elected officials, control public finances, review/ propose laws, deal with foerign relations.
In what system of government do states and regions exercise the most power?
Describe the US federal system.
Divides power iver territory between national and reginal levels of government. These are called the overarching government and the 50 state government.
How is power organized in a unitary system?
local levels of government may be active in rule but the national government has ultimate authority.
What type of government is South Korea and what is life like there?
It is a multi-Party democracy, has the worlds foutheenth largest economy, produces cars and many other goods. is a very civilized technological country and one of the most digitally connected countries in the world, complete with cellular devices, wireless laptops online gaming and other electronics.
What type of government is North Korea and what is life like there?
It is a totaltariasm communist country, led by dictator Kim Jong Um. He holds full control over the country and shuts his people out from the world by banning all electronics. North Koreans are unaware of what is truly going on because they see Kim as a god. They have the worlds fifth largest army and nuclear power. Words of torture, prision camps, and starvation have spread around the world.