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16 terms

The Constitution Vocabulary

Vocabulary about the US Constitution.
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Natural Rights
Basic human rights that are common to all people, and not just man made laws.
Strategy
An overall plan; such as for winning a war.
Republic
A Country governed by elected representatives.
Constitution
A written plan that provides the basic framework of a government.
Ratify
To officially approve a plan or agreement.
Electoral College
The group established by the constitution to elect the president and vice president. Voters in each state choose their electors.
Great Compromise
A two house congress. In the house of representatives, representation is based on population. In the senate each state is represented by two senators.
Three Fifths Compromise
An agreement that slaves will be counted as three fifths as a person when determining a states population from representation.
Popular Sovereignty
A government where people vote to decide on an issue.
Separation of Powers
Dividing government responsibilities into different branches.
Checks and Balances
The ability of each branch to exercise checks or controls over the other branches.
Federalism
The constitutional system that shares power between the national and state governments.
Amendment
To make a change or improvement.
Legislative Branch
Consists of two houses (house of representatives and senate) and makes laws. Also checks on judicial and executive branches.
Executive Branch
Consists of the role of the president and carrying out of laws. Also checks on Judicial and Legislative branch.
Judicial Branch
Consists of the supreme court and interpretation of laws. Also checks on Executive and Legislative branches.