Unit 7: Southwest Asia
Terms in this set (52)
landlocked salt lake. one of the lowest places on Earth, 9 times saltier than the ocean
Salt Flat Desert
when winds evaporate the moisture in the soil, chemicals salts remain, creating this. Ex: Dasht-e Kaviv and
expensive, removal of salt from ocean water (scarcity of fresh water)
area in a desert where water is found
Empty Quarter, "place where no one comes out"/ one of the largest sandy deserts and most famous desert in the region
using small pipes that drip water just above ground to conserve water
fringes of deserts, with enough rain for grass, cotton and wheat - good pasture
Israel, produces crops through extensive irrigation
oil that has not been processed
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
flow through parts of Turkey, Syria, and Iraq; run parallel and join at the Shatt al Arab/ supported ancient river valley civilizations (Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians and Chaldeans) in an area called the Fertile Crescent
a strategic hilly plateau overlooking the Jordan River and the Sea of Galilee
1967 war was here - Syria and Israel fought over this place. its strategic location made it a conflict between many regions
riverbeds that remain dry except during rainy seasons
strategic canal or opening between Red and Mediterranean Sea
hot summers and rainy winters
farmers can grow crops year round
good climate for growing citrus fruits, vegetables, and olives
how does Mediterranean coast differ from other areas of SW asia?
oil spills in water AND on land, causing pollution
what risks are related to transporting crude oil?
to convert the crude oil into useful products
What is the purpose of a refinery?
water is provided in small amounts and not consistently, problem in finding and storing water in order to survive and prosper
How is water a critical resource?
What desert in Israel is able to produce crops because of extensive irrigation?
All but Israel, Jordan, Afghanistan, Lebanon, and Cyprus
Which countries have oil? Which don't?
ethnic group in SW Asia, died from the chemical weapons attack
place of worship for muslims
Palestine Liberation Organization, formed to regain land for Palestinian Arabs. has pursued military and political means to take possession of Arab land in Israel and allow refugees to return to their homes
form of government in which religious leaders control the government relying on religious law and consultation with religious scholars
a movement that began in the 19th century to create and support a Jewish homeland in Palestine
one of the two main branches of Islam, comprising about 83% of all muslims, including those in Turkey, Iraq and Afghanistan
the founder and a prophet of Islam, who lived part of his life in the city of Mecca
the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, a group establishes in 1960 by some oil-producing nations to coordinate policies on selling petroleum products
one of the two main branches of Islam, including most Iranians and some populations of Iraq and Afghanistan
a monotheistic religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad, and the biggest cultural and religious influence in North Africa
for Jews, the holiest site in Jerusalem; the only remaining portion of the Second Temple, built in 538 B.C. and destroyed in A.D. 70 by the Romans
a strict Muslim group in Afghanistan that has imposed rigid rules on society, including prescribed clothing styles for both men and women, restrictions on the appearance of women in public places, and regulations on television, music, and videos.
the holiest city of Islam, located in Saudi Arabia, where people make pilgrimages to fulfill Islamic religious duty
Dome of the Rock
a shrine in Jerusalem, located on the Temple Mount, which houses the spot where Muslims believe Muhammad rose into heaven and where Jews believe Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac to God
Faith- all believers must testify to their statement of faith
Prayer- 5 times a day Muslims face toward the holy city of Mecca to pray, at mosque
Charity- believe they have the responsibility to support the less fortunate by giving money
Fasting- during holy month of Ramadan, Muslims don't eat or drink anything between sunrise and sunset
Pilgrimage- all are expected to make a pilgrimage (Hajj) to Mecca at least once during their lifetime
Describe the 5 Pillars of Islam
as more and more convert to Islam, they spread teachings to people all over the peninsula which results in uniting the Muslims all over the peninsula
how do religious beliefs and practices serve to unite Muslims in the Arabian Peninsula?
AP makes most all of its GDP and exports off of oil. funnels money into development of other parts of the region
why is oil so important to the economies of the Arabian Peninsula?
thousands of Jewish survivors of the Holocaust wanted to go back to settle in Palestine. it was Jewish homeland. thus the Jewish nation-state of Israel was born
why was the state of Israel created?
- Muslim Arabs make up majority of ppl who live in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean
- there's a variety of cultures here. Lebanon = refuge for Muslims and Christians. many Shi'ites contrasting the majority of Sunni in other regions. Eastern Orthodox is a minority of a religion in Lebanon, Israel = many immigrants. Jewish culture brings these ppl together. some Christians live here too. variety of languages and lifestyles here.
how are populations of Lebanon and Israel different fro other countries of the region?
here are where all the "others" live basically. here there are the Turks, Kurds, Persians, and Assyrians. they speak lang.s such as Turkish and Farsi. their culture reflects the influences of earlier civilizations and rich blending of ethnic traditions. Sunni and Shi'ite had prob.s w/ each other after death of Muhammad. most are Sunni but Shi'ite are Iranians in Iraq and Afghanistan
how are the Language, Ethnic groups, and religion in the Northeast region different from other parts of SW Asia?
a largely unskilled laborer, often an immigrant from South and East Asia, brought into the oil-booming countries to fill job openings that the region's native peoples find culturally or economically unacceptable
a resource so important that nations will go to war to ensure its steady supply
a nation of people that does not have a territory to legally occupy, like the Palestinians, Kurds, and Basques
the skills and talents of employed people
a displaced group of Arabs who lived or still live in the area formerly called Palestine and now called Israel
in Israel, a strip of land on the west side of the Jordan River, originally controlled by Jordan, which is part of the land set aside fro Arab Palestinians
a territory along the Mediterranean Sea just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula; part of the land set aside for Palestinians, which was occupied by Israel in 1967.
they fill the jobs unwanted for economic and cultural reasons by natives. cultural differences and misunderstandings of cultures, receiving regular wages, and huge dependence upon immigrant workers pose problems. immigrant could weaken the country's sense of national identity
Describe jobs and Issues of Guest Workers.
the Kurds and the Palestinians
What groups in SW Asia are a stateless nation?
a resource so important that nations will go to war to ensure its steady supply
What is a strategic commodity?
1. opportunities for women open up because of the shortage of workers
2. many improvements in agriculture and the development of minerals and water resources
3. infrastructure is becoming modernized
What are 3 ways in which SW Asian nations can use oil revenues to promote economic growth?
dairy products, red meat, poultry, eggs, wheat, minerals- copper and chromium, human resources, etc.
What non-oil resources can nations in this region develop?
Jerusalem was divided at the end of the Arab-Israeli war in 1948. Arabs got old city and east Jerusalem. Israelis got west Jerusalem. During the 6-Day War of 1967, the Israelis captured the rest of Jerusalem. this created prob.s. Palestinians were forced to leave those areas. Palestinians want the right to return to those areas in Israel nowadays.
Why is the control of Jerusalem a difficult diplomatic problem to solve?