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a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior


the monotheistic religion, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the Talmud


a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and based on a caste system


a religion holding that life is full of suffering caused by desire and that the way to end this suffering is through enlightenment that enables one to halt the endless sequence of births and deaths to which one is otherwise subject.


based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad and taught by the Koran, the basic principle of which is absolute submission to a unique and personal god, Allah


is the process of being reborn where an individual spirit or soul is born again and again until moksha, or a perfect understanding of the world, is reached


the state attained when one's spirit, or Atman, is freed from the cycle by gathering wisdom, from which reincarnation ends and human desire ceases to exist

Four Noble Truths

the four main ideas that Buddha had learned during his enlightenment which he preached during his first sermon about achieving Enlightenment


the new Buddha's description of Enlightenment where one is released from selfishness and pain


is a promise made between two parties

Ten Commandments

These are a set of stone tablets which contain a group of ten rules or laws issued by God to Moses on Mount Sinai


The man described by the Torah and the Bible as the one who delivered the Hebrew people out of slavery in Egypt


These twelve men were Jesus' first pupils or student who gave up their lives in order to follow Jesus


The dispersal of the Jews during their rebellion from the Romans

Zionist Movement

Where many Jews migrated out of Europe in order to escape persecution

Balfour Declaration

Signed by the U.S. and the U.N. that made Isreal a country

Palestinian Liberation Organization

Political party and organization that fought for Palestinian rights


The act of hating or persecuting people of the Jewish religion


Places in Palestine that the Isrealis have taken order for protection

Six Days War

The war where 3 countries attacked Isreal at once (Jordan, Egypt, and Syria)

Yom Kippur War

The war where Palestinians attacked Isreal on their holiday

Refugee Camps

Camps for people that were moved from their homes

Right of Return

Palestinians claim they have this which would give them their land back

Oslo Accords

Peace negotiations between Palestinians and Isrealis during the 90s


The one God in the monotheistic religion of Islam


An orphaned man who claimed to have been spoken to by Allah through the angel Gabriel


"One who has submitted" or a follower of Islam


The Islamic house of worship


The pilgrimage to Mecca


The holy book of the Muslims


A title in Arabic which means "successor" or "deputy"


Group that believes that the four caliphs were rightly guided following Muhammed's example


A group that believes that leaders should be related to Muhammad


a landowner


the land being exchanged


the person who recieves the land/ fief




the lord's estate


a church tax


A political and economic system of Europe which divides up the land between people

Middle Ages

a time period when the Roman Empire began to decline

Code of Chivalry

A code issued in the 1100's that demanded that a knight fight bravely


An attack on a castle


A group of people of the church


Important religious ceremonies that helped one reach salvation


The practice which bishops sold positions of the Church to different people


A new type of architecture that involved light and windows reaching towards the heavens

The Crusades

A "holy war" that was issued by Pope Urban II so that they would be able to gain control of the Holy Land

Christopher Columbus

A Genose sea captain who sailed from Spain in 1492 and found America


Lands that are controlled by other nations


Spanish explorers who traveled throughout North and South America in search of gold and silver


Mixed Spanish and Native American populations


The settlement founded by 1607 by the English people

Triangle Trade

A transatlantic trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas

Columbian Exchange

The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas


A economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources for profit


a theory of economic policy that put a country's power mainly in their amoutn fo wealth

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