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World History Vocab: Word Wall 10-16

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Christianity
a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
Judaism
the monotheistic religion, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the Talmud
Hinduism
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and based on a caste system
Buddhism
a religion holding that life is full of suffering caused by desire and that the way to end this suffering is through enlightenment that enables one to halt the endless sequence of births and deaths to which one is otherwise subject.
Islam
based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad and taught by the Koran, the basic principle of which is absolute submission to a unique and personal god, Allah
Reincarnation
is the process of being reborn where an individual spirit or soul is born again and again until moksha, or a perfect understanding of the world, is reached
Enlightenment
the state attained when one's spirit, or Atman, is freed from the cycle by gathering wisdom, from which reincarnation ends and human desire ceases to exist
Four Noble Truths
the four main ideas that Buddha had learned during his enlightenment which he preached during his first sermon about achieving Enlightenment
Nirvana
the new Buddha's description of Enlightenment where one is released from selfishness and pain
Covenant
is a promise made between two parties
Ten Commandments
These are a set of stone tablets which contain a group of ten rules or laws issued by God to Moses on Mount Sinai
Moses
The man described by the Torah and the Bible as the one who delivered the Hebrew people out of slavery in Egypt
Apostles
These twelve men were Jesus' first pupils or student who gave up their lives in order to follow Jesus
Diaspora
The dispersal of the Jews during their rebellion from the Romans
Zionist Movement
Where many Jews migrated out of Europe in order to escape persecution
Balfour Declaration
Signed by the U.S. and the U.N. that made Isreal a country
Palestinian Liberation Organization
Political party and organization that fought for Palestinian rights
Anti-Semitism
The act of hating or persecuting people of the Jewish religion
Settlements
Places in Palestine that the Isrealis have taken order for protection
Six Days War
The war where 3 countries attacked Isreal at once (Jordan, Egypt, and Syria)
Yom Kippur War
The war where Palestinians attacked Isreal on their holiday
Refugee Camps
Camps for people that were moved from their homes
Right of Return
Palestinians claim they have this which would give them their land back
Oslo Accords
Peace negotiations between Palestinians and Isrealis during the 90s
Allah
The one God in the monotheistic religion of Islam
Muhammad
An orphaned man who claimed to have been spoken to by Allah through the angel Gabriel
Muslim
"One who has submitted" or a follower of Islam
Mosque
The Islamic house of worship
Hajj
The pilgrimage to Mecca
Qu'ran
The holy book of the Muslims
Caliph
A title in Arabic which means "successor" or "deputy"
Sunni
Group that believes that the four caliphs were rightly guided following Muhammed's example
Shi'a
A group that believes that leaders should be related to Muhammad
Lord
a landowner
Fief
the land being exchanged
Vassal
the person who recieves the land/ fief
Serf
peasant
Manor
the lord's estate
Tithe
a church tax
Feudalism
A political and economic system of Europe which divides up the land between people
Middle Ages
a time period when the Roman Empire began to decline
Code of Chivalry
A code issued in the 1100's that demanded that a knight fight bravely
Siege
An attack on a castle
Clergy
A group of people of the church
Sacraments
Important religious ceremonies that helped one reach salvation
Simony
The practice which bishops sold positions of the Church to different people
Gothic
A new type of architecture that involved light and windows reaching towards the heavens
The Crusades
A "holy war" that was issued by Pope Urban II so that they would be able to gain control of the Holy Land
Christopher Columbus
A Genose sea captain who sailed from Spain in 1492 and found America
Colonies
Lands that are controlled by other nations
Conquistadors
Spanish explorers who traveled throughout North and South America in search of gold and silver
Mestizo
Mixed Spanish and Native American populations
Jamestown
The settlement founded by 1607 by the English people
Triangle Trade
A transatlantic trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas
Columbian Exchange
The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas
Capitalism
A economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources for profit
Mercantilism
a theory of economic policy that put a country's power mainly in their amoutn fo wealth