BCL Final

Risks related to the manipulation of staff by inmates
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Terms in this set (108)
IndicatedRelatedProceededContacted by phone Telephonically contacted The undersignedThe reporting officer This officerWriterAt this pointAt that timeAltercationPhysical confrontationVerbal altercationDue to the fact thatIn view ofIt should be noted thatExited the vehicleEtc.It was determined thatBasicallyIn essenceEssentiallyAscertainedFelt/feel (as in opinion or perception) Irregardless
Summary IncludesA summary is the introduction or paraphrasing of events written about in the report. It is a short paragraph and covers the incident from beginning to end. It doesn't give every detail, but rather, gives the reader a run-down of what is in the report.Mentioned IncludesThis section should include a list of every person whose name comes up in the incident/investigation, and should include their full name, ID# (SID#, DPSST#), title, location, and date of birth. For public safety witnesses, including yourself, the name and DPSST# is sufficient identification.Include a brief description after each name as to how that person was related to the case (victim, inmate, witness, information, assisting officer, etc.)When mentioning that person in the narrative of the report, do not again include that person's identifying information.Narrative / Action Taken IncludesThis section is the thorough story of the incident, told in chronological order. Be sure to include the reasons for the various activities in the report. In this section, the following should be covered, and you should be able to answer these questions:E1If you ask yourself these questions in order:WhenWhereWhoWhatHowWhyYou will find that the information is easily organized into your report. 1. When:When did this occurrence happen?When did you arrive?When did you speak with the involved parties?When did you leave?Statements IncludeWrite the person's name, capitalized and underlined, followed by "told me" or "stated," followed by that person's statement in quotes. Put the statements in a list format.Types of ReportsDisciplinary, Incident, Use of force, log bookDescribe a corrections professional's responsibilities related to inmate health care.every corrections deputy has a responsibility to recognize when care is needed, and render appropriate aid.Access to CareAccommodations for Handicapped Inmates (ADA)Confidentiality of Health Care Information (HIPAA) Proper Documentation Hygiene accessAdministrating meds 5 rights:1. RIGHT Individual2. RIGHT Medication3. RIGHT Dose4. RIGHT Time5. RIGHT RouteDeliberate IndifferenceDeliberate indifference is a constitutional standard used by the courts to ascertain whether actions, or the lack thereof, are negligent. To establish a federal claim, an inmate must prove that their health care needs were "serious," and that officials were "deliberately indifferent" to those needs.A health care case is considered "serious" if it is:One that has been diagnosed by a physician as mandating treatment; andSo obvious that even a lay person would easily recognize the necessity for a doctor's attentionFor a deputy or staff member to be "deliberately indifferent" it must be established that:They knew of the inmate's serious condition; andThey deliberately or intentionally acted or refused to act in response to that condition; andThat such conduct caused the inmate harm or unnecessary pain and sufferingRender care to AIC's based onYour qualificationsMedical training Experience if you CAN'T call someone who CAN!Your facility is required to provide:Access to CareAccommodations for Handicapped Inmates (ADA)Confidentiality of Health Care Information (HIPAA)Proper Documentation Hygiene accessArticulate how stigma impacts mental illness and addiction.The stigma that surrounds mental illness is powerful and pervasiveIs a barrier to accessing services for many who have mental illness as they fear being judged Respect and empathy (Emotional Intelligence) can help overcome thisSix Minimum Standards of MH Care-A systematic program for screening and evaluation for mental illness.-Separate screening, treatment and supervision protocol for suicidal ideation.-Individual psychiatric treatment rather than segregation and supervision.-A sufficient number of trained mental health professionals to provide individual identification and treatment.-Use of appropriate prescription medications in clinically accepted dosages and under supervision.-Maintenance of accurate, complete and confidential recordsArticulate behaviors commonly associated with mental illness, suicide, addictions, trauma, and developmental disabilities.Disorganized thinking/confused thinkingOdd thoughtsStrange or unusual behaviorDisorganized speechTangential thoughtsDelusions (false belief)Hallucinations (false sensory perceptions, i.e., hearing,seeing, olfactory, touch, taste, something not in currentreality)IllogicalityParanoiaPoor hygienePossess random itemsMinimal or inappropriate display or emotionsSuicidal thoughts and actionsIdentify appropriate supervision strategies that can be used with an Adult in Custody who has mental illness, developmental disabilities or is suicidal:-Medical Observation Unit (optimum)-Single cell (optimum)-Protrusion-free cell (to the extent possible)-Ferguson Safety Garment-Ferguson Blanket-Constant watch for those who are acutely at risk-Minimum 15-minute welfare checks -Never left "unattended"-Minimum 24 hours on watch-Requires medical staff and sergeant/jail supervisor approval for removal; never one or the other-If medical recommends removal, but uniformed staff disagree, the Adult in Custody remains on watch-Once removed, the Adult in Custody remains in transition for observation prior to general populationthe legal authority to admit persons into the custody of a correctional facilityAs a general rule, a facility should only accept:1. Individuals with formal charges or sentencing orders2. From a peace officer or otherwise authorized officialstandard procedures for processing persons into custody.Intake processing is a fundamental responsibility of a county jail. All arrestees must be properly identified, medically screened, photographed, fingerprinted, and assessed before lodging. A breakdown in any of these tasks can expose both staff and an agency to significant liability.the legal authority to release persons from the custody of a correctional facilityConfirm no out of area holdsRelease agreements Security Release - ORS 135.260 Conditional Release - ORS 135.265 Citation - ORS 133.060Dropped charges or holdsSentence servedFacility transferSummarize proper procedures for releasing persons from custody.Legal authorization to releaseConfirmation of no outstanding holdsVerification of identityProperty and money returnHow to Maintain a calm demeanor· Open, relaxed posture· Model desired behaviorThe Turner test consists of four questions:(1) Whether there is a " 'valid, rational connection' between the prison regulation and the legitimate governmental interest put forward to justify it";(2) Whether there are "alternative means of exercising the right that remain open to prison inmates";(3) Whether "accommodation of the asserted constitutional right" will "impact ... guards and other inmates, and on the allocation of prison resources generally"; and(4) Whether there is an "absence of ready alternatives" versus the "existence of obvious, easy alternatives."OJS STANDARDS REQperimeter checksfacility accessfrequency of countstool/material controlsecurity deviceskey control air monitering reconciling countsemergency keysSpoken CommunicationWords / Content / Volume / ToneUnspoken CommunicationPosture / Expression / Movement / Physical ActionTactical CommunicationThe strategic use of verbal and non-verbal messages to accomplish a specific goal.Effective Communication Mindset- You represent more than yourself- You are measured by expectations and perceptions- Everyone deserves dignity and respectTactics- Present a conscientious demeanor- Utilize common courtesyQuality of ResponseAn indication of an individual's readiness, willingness and ability to cooperateProblematic Behavior Cues- Self-Affecting Behavior- Attention-Seeking Behavior- Pre-Assault BehaviorSelf-Affecting Behaviorred face / gritting teeth / facial tics / rapid breathing / clenched fists closed posturing / crying / stuttering or broken speechAttention-Seeking Behaviorfixed stares / inappropriate remarks / yelling / arguing / disobeying direction making threats / invading personal space / altering present circumstances breaking or throwing objectsPre-Assault Behaviorshifting weight (pacing, rocking) / target glancing / darting looks /preparatory posturing / furtive movements with hands (tugging, patting) personal grooming / article removal / item acquisition / striking self or structuresGiving direction- Focused- Realistic- Explanative (when necessary)Gaining Cooperation- Maintain professionalism- Set context for the situation· Provide an opportunity for justification· Explain processes, their purpose and/or consequences· Provide a reason for your response to requests- Persuade toward a common goal· Present options when applicable· Transfer accountability· Ask guided questionsDefusing Emotional, Difficult or Hostile Situations- Maintain a calm demeanor- Allow venting- Develop rapport- Empathize- Ask questions- DistractHow to Allow venting· Expect and deflect verbal abuse· Focus on behaviors, not attitudeHow to Develop rapport· Praise and reinforce positive behavior· Take time to listenHow to Empathize· Clarify your role· Demonstrate concernHow to Ask questions· How can I help?· What do you need?How to Distract· Ask a favor· Make irrelevant observations or inquiriesActions that Escalate Situations- Inappropriate facial expressions- Aggressive posturing- Offensive physical contact- Over-reacting- Emotional shouting- Sarcasm- Profanity- Apathy- Degrading comments- Unenforceable threats- Entering into an ego contestWhat does everyone deserve?Dignity & RespectConscientious Demeanor- Maintain your uniform'- Make eye contact- Assume an active listening posture- Control your expressions- Remain calm and collectedIdentify the primary purposes for security in a correctional facility.1. Protect the public from offenders2. Safeguard the welfare of staff and inmates 3. Maintain control of inmate populationsOutline standardized requirements for various facility security functions.Posture, Positioning, Movement, Communication, Situational awareness & Stress managementDescribe constitutional rights retained by inmates while incarcerated• First Amendment rights• Fourth Amendment rights • Fifth Amendment rights• Eighth Amendment rights1st AmendmentFreedom of religion, Access to Clergy, Access to Religious Writings, Restricting Religious Medallions, Providing Special Religious Diets, Restricting Personal Appearance, Freedom of Speech, Freedom of the Press, Mail, media, Public Records, Right of Association, Visiting Restrictions, Personal Communications, Right to Access the Courts, Right to Assemble (none) , Right to Petition (greivinces etc)4th AmendmentUnclothed Searches, Body Cavity Searches, Booking and Cell Searches, Opposite Sex Searches/Supervision5th AmendmentInmate Discipline, Due Process, Double Jeopardy, Self-Incrimination8th AmendmentCruel & Unusual Punishment, Inmate SafetyAdequate Medical CareAdequate FoodAdequate ShelterReasonable SanitationAdequate ClothingOutdoor Exerciseoutdoor exercise out of cell exercise for set AICSADAWhy do we give inmates privileges beyond their basic rights?Inmates have relatively few court-granted or statutory rights. Notwithstanding that, most agencies provide inmates with many additional privileges beyond those rights.Controlling LawControlling Law is that which grants the most rights, or restrictions, without violating a higher source of law.Binding LawA court decision regarding a particular agency is "binding" upon that agency only. An appeals court decision "binds" all within that court's jurisdiction.The Bill of Rightsfirst ten amendments in the constitutionAids and ResourcesPolicy and proceduresPost orders Job-related reference materials (case law, Oregon Revised Statutes, Oregon Jail Standards, etc.) Supervisors Co-workers Personal experience TrainingIdentify and classify items considered contraband in a correctional facilityDangerous (escape, weapon), Nuisance (not being used for intended purpose), criminal (drugs)Summarize effective methods for controlling contraband in a correctional facilityCollection of contraband Proper documentation shakedowns person searches regular irregular cell and area searchesArticulate the lawful scope, justification and manner for various types of searches. UNCLOTHED SEARCH1. New arrestees:Persons who are not going to be lodged, or still have reasonable release options may not be strip searched unless security is threatened because of individualized suspicion based upon:a. Conduct, appearance, statementsb. Nature of offensec. Information that weapons, drugs or diseases are present2. Lodged inmates:Once a person is lodged in jail, they may be strip searched at any time for any legitimate penological reason, except for purposes of punishment or harassment.Primary purposes for unclothed person searches: a. Detect criminal or dangerous contrabandb. Detect indicators of suicidal behaviorc. Detect signs of infectious diseaseC. Manner:Searches should always be conducted in a professional manner.1. Provide an appropriate degree of privacy.2. Take adequate sanitation precautions, when appropriate.3. Do not make taunting, degrading, dehumanizing or other inappropriate comments.Articulate the lawful scope, justification and manner for various types of searches. AREA SEARCHArea searchesScope:A search of any area accessible to inmates.Justification:No level of suspicion is required; any area can be searched at any time for any legitimate penological reason, except for the purposes of punishment or harassment.Primary purposes for area searches: 1. Maintain sanitation standards 2. Prevent escapes and violence 3. Detect contraband4. Inventory inmate propertyManner:Searches should always be conducted in a professional manner. Heavy-handed, destructive searches only breed anger and resentment that may result in future problems (i.e. insubordination, threats, litigation).Articulate the lawful scope, justification and manner for various types of searches. PROPERTY SEARCHProperty searchesScope:A search of any personal property either in the possession of, or in a location accessible to, an inmate.Justification:No level of suspicion is required; inmate property can be searched at any time for any legitimate penological reason, but not for the purposes of punishment or harassment.NOTE: Legal mail and materials may only be inspected in the presence of the inmate. Therefore, Deputies should be cautious when searching legal materials.Basic Corrections Local - B2: Contraband and Searches Page 4 of 6 Student Resource / Revised: 04-2012B2Articulate the lawful scope, justification and manner for various types of searches. CROSS GENDER SEARCHESfemale officer can frisk search male AICs Male officers CANNOT search female AICs unless it is deemed an emergency.A search should be....appropriate, safe & systematicAt a minimum, documentation should include:Name/number of inmateName(s) of involved staffDate, time and location of searchType of searchJustification for searchWhat contraband, if any, was foundOther significant factorsa corrections professional should apply the proper tactics consistently in order to:Improve thoroughnessAvoid inmate allegationsDefine Conflicta natural component of human interaction that results from differing perceptions.the 4 communication stylesthe challenger the ally the deflector the conformistThe Challenger: "Aim to win"The challenger is an individual who pursues his or her own concerns at the other person's expense,using whatever power seems appropriate to win his or her position. This might mean standing up for your rights, defending a position you believe is correct, or simply trying to win.The Ally: "Join forces"The ally is an individual who attempts to work with the other person to find a solution that fully satisfiesthe concerns of both. This might mean exploring a disagreement to learn from each other's insights, or confronting and trying to find a creative solution to an interpersonal problem.The Negotiator: "Finding the middle ground"The Negotiator: "Finding the middle ground"For the negotiator, the objective is to find an efficient, mutually acceptable solution that partiallysatisfies both parties. This might mean splitting the difference, exchanging concessions, or seeking a middle-ground position.The Deflector: "Not going to deal with it"The deflector is an individual who does not address the conflict between his or her own concerns andthose of another person. This might take the form of side-stepping an issue, postponing an issue until a better time or simply withdrawing from a threatening situation all together.The Conformist: "Whatever you say"The conformist is an individual who neglects his or her own concerns, to satisfy those of others. Thismight take the form of self-sacrifice, generosity or charity, or yielding to another's point of view.This approach is useful when you realize that you are wrong or outmatched, when the issue is much more important to someone else than it is to you, or when you choose to satisfy the needs of others as a gesture of goodwill. It is also useful when preserving harmony and avoiding disruption are especially important, or when you want to let others develop by learning from their mistakes.Describe the steps of the problem-solving process1. Identify the problem2. What do we know?3. What do we need to know?4. Use resources & identify possible solutions5. Act/Try the solution6. Evaluate the solution7. Resolve the issueAssess the nutritional value of a food through reading the nutrition facts labelNutrition Facts Labels have important information including calories, proteins, fats, and carbs. You can Identify the nutritional value based on your diet goals by looking for specific macros or calorie counts written on the label. You can also easily track amounts by looking at the serving sizes and doing quick math or measuring if you eat more or less than the suggested amount.Identify the nutritional and timing needs of macronutrients for the bodyMacro Nutrients are Protein, Carbohydrates, and Fats. Protein is important for muscle recovery and can be more beneficial when timed properly. Your body is most receptive to protein 0-45 minutes after exertion and just before fasting. Protein should be consumed in 25-30 gram portions throughout the day. The ideal Carb:Protein ratio after exertion is 3:1 or close.Describe the primary roles of a corrections professional in the Criminal Justice SystemMaintain public safety while offender is not in custody• Monitor conditional release rules of Parole Board• Counsel offender to attempt to change criminal behavior• Make recommendations to court or parole board regarding offender's continued releasestatus, include modifications to release rules, revocation, continuation - as necessary• Arrest and hold offender for court or parole board, if necessary to protect the publicDescribe the process of a misdemeanorA misdemeanor begins with an arrest then an arraignment. You then plead Guilty, not guilty or no contest. Guilty and no Contest accepts the sentencing or fines given, while Not Guilty takes it to Trial by Judge or 6 person Jury. It is then decided Guilty or Not Guilty followed by the sentencing or finesDescribe the process of a felonyAfter Arrest is either taken into custody or a cite/release. Both require an appearance in circuit/justice court. It can then go to a Grand Jury or Preliminary hearing. In a Grand Jury, It will become either a Not True Bill or True Bill, which becomes an Indictment then Circuit court arraignment.If Preliminary Hearing with a Judge Only, you can be Released, Not held to answer, or Held to answer which leads to the Circuit Court Arraignment. At the Arraignment if plea is Guilty or No Contest then Sentencing occurs of Prison, Fine, Probation etc. If Not Guilty Plea, a Trial by Jury or Judge begins and they decide if Guilty or Not Guilty, which leads to release or sentencing.Identify risk factors that can lead to unethical behaviorRisk factors are Social Proof (following the crowd), overconfidence, sensation seeking, and the preference for consistency (close enough).Define various types of correctional facilitiesLock-up Facility: this is a temporary detention facility that can only hold AIC's for up to 36 hours excluding holidays or weekends.ORS 169.005Temporary Hold Facility: this is a facility that can only hold AIC's for four hours or less while they are waiting on court and/or transportation to another correctional facility.ORS 169.078Local Facility: this is a 24 hour jail or prison facility that holds AIC's for more than 36 hours.Identify the general legal requirements for jails under the Oregon Revised StatutesPER ORS 169.076Sufficient staff & hourly roundsWritten policies ( 7 Topic Minimum )Plan for Riots and EmergenciesProhibits physical punishmentEmergency MedicalProhibits FirearmsFeed AIC'sKeep Jail CleanAIC's are required to showerCertian mail should be privateComply with codesProvide written copy to each AIC of rulesNo restricting free exercise of religionSafeguard rights to legal informationDescribe actions that expose corrections professionals to civil liabilityUse of forcePolicy violationsInmate declares intent to sueMedia attentionSerious injury or deathYou make a mistake (LYING ABOUT IT ALWAYS MAKES IT WORSE)Racial overtones/allegationsDeprivation of specific rights/entitlements provided by statuteExpressed desire for release from incarceration or change in confinement conditionsIdentify activities that can minimize a corrections professional's liability risksKnow and follow your agency's policies and procedures. One of the reasons for yourdepartment's policies and procedures is to reduce your exposure to liability.Training; not only to keep your skills fresh, but also because you need to know what the courts have said. Take responsibility for your own training!One of the most important things that you can do to minimize liability in lawsuits is to thoroughly document all incidents that could result in liability, particularly documenting WHY you did what you did. Document incidents of inmate's potentially manipulative behavior (e.g. the female inmate who "accidentally" exposes her breasts to the male Corrections Officer). Remember that the corrections officer who documents the first incident or behavior is far less likely to be subjected to litigation.Preserve the evidence that will be needed to defend your actions.Act professionally. Always treat inmates with respect even when they are behaving badly.Articulate the responsibilities of a corrections professional established by PREARecognize, report & remain vigilantOutline standardized disciplinary procedures for addressing inmate misconductLoss of earned good timeLoss of job assignmentPrescribed periods of segregationRestriction of personal visitsRestriction on recreationAdditional required work assignmentsLoss of dayroom privileges (when confined to own cell)Loss of commissary or store privilegesMonetary restitution or fines for damagesSpecial foods or restricted diets (restricted due to abuses of food)Formal reprimand and warningOther punishments which are not a violation of the Eighth and FourteenthAmendmentsAssess the nutritional value of a food through reading the nutrition facts labelNutrition Facts Labels have important information including calories, proteins, fats, and carbs. You can Identify the nutritional value based on your diet goals by looking for specific macros or calorie counts written on the label. You can also easily track amounts by looking at the serving sizes and doing quick math or measuring if you eat more or less than the suggested amount.Identify the nutritional and timing needs of macronutrients for the bodyMacro Nutrients are Protein, Carbohydrates, and Fats. Protein is important for muscle recovery and can be more beneficial when timed properly. Your body is most receptive to protein 0-45 minutes after exertion and just before fasting. Protein should be consumed in 25-30 gram portions throughout the day. The ideal Carb:Protein ratio after exertion is 3:1 or close.Summarize the ethical standards and expectations of a corrections officerOur duty is to serve humankind, protect the people, and respect our constitutional rights. We will keep our personal lives unsullied and set an example for all. We will be courageous, develop self-restraint, and be mindful of others. We will never act officiously or permit personal feelings, prejudices, animosities or friendships to influence my decisions.Describe how conscious and non-conscious processes in the human brain impact behaviorSystem 1, the non-conscious system, operates automatically and quickly with little or no effort, based on patterns established by past experiences. System 2, the conscious system, operates thoughtfully and slowly with more attention and effort than System 1, based on the application of rules and reason to the current experience.Articulate strategies for reporting unethical behavior• Consult a trusted mentor to help evaluate your observations• Confront the behavior informally as a peer• Contact your FTO, sergeant or command staff• Go outside your agency; city/county Human Resources, another agencyArticulate the best means of preventing Cardiovascular DiseaseReduce risk with proper nutrition and regular fitness program, eating a balanced diet, low in saturated fats & exercise designed to improve cardiovascular endurance.Recognize the signs and symptoms of bloodborne diseasesUnexplained,persistent fatigueProlonged,unexplainedfever,chills,nightsweatsLoss of appetite or unexplained weight lossPink-to-purple,flatorraisedblotchesorbumpsPersistent white spots or unusual blemishes in the mouthPersistent diarrheaProlongedPersistent dry coughJaundiceAbdominal painIntermittent nauseaDark urineJoint painIdentify safe practices for disease preventionUtilize Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) like gloves, masks, safety goggles and gowns to keep infected material off of the body and membranes. Place all biohazard materials in the RED Biohazard receptacles. Wash hands vigorously with soap and water disinfect all common areas with bleach, hydrogen peroxide, or disinfectant wipes.what is required in ORS for bedding?fire retardant mattress and blanketsDescribe the benefits and risks associated with different methods of AIC supervisionbenefits: effective control effective supervision safety of staff & other AICs different styles of supervision: Direct & Indirectsymptoms of trauma and job-related stressLoss of coordination Erratic Behavior Fatigue HeadachesIdentify factors that contribute to the stress and associated trauma of a career in public safetycritical incidents triggers vicarious traumaArticulate healthy ways to address potential trauma or stress to maintain whole healthrecognizing your triggers healthy eating sleep