French Revolution Vocabulary
French Revolution vocabulary words and definitions.
Terms in this set (20)
French political system before 1789. Was made up of three estates and a monarch.
Estate made up of clergy members, had influence over the king, lived a comfortable lifestyle, and was not taxed. Was 0.5% of the population in France.
Estate made up of aristocrats and nobles which worked as tax collectors, governors, and military officials. This estate was not taxed, made up 1.5% of the population in France, and most of its members were born into it.
Estate made up of 1.) rural peasants and 2.) bourgeoisie. This estate made up 98% of the population in France and was heavily taxed by the Church and government.
The higher of the two subclasses that made up the third estate. Consisted of lawyers, doctors, merchants, etc.
King of France during the French Revolution, married Marie Antoinette, big spender on foreign wars and extravagant lifestyle. Was executed by way of the guillotine for treason.
When a government spends more money than it takes in.
Representative body where representatives of the three estates would meet up and vote on important means of the French government.
Delegates of the French third estate who vowed to write a constitution for France during the Estates General in May 1789.
Tennis Court Oath
Pledge of the third estate delegates to the Estates General that they would not disband until they had written a constitution for France.
"Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen"
Document stating the natural rights of French citizens, created by the National Assembly.
Prison raided by former members of the third estate for gunpowder to protect themselves from backlash by the nobility. Became a symbol of the French Revolution.
The Great Fear
Summer of 1789 peasants revolted and incited violence and attacks upon nobles and lords; burned property and homes, killed and injured nobility.
"Declaration of Pilnitz"
1791 document put forth by Prussian King and Austrian Emperor demanding that the National Assembly put the King back in power in France.
More Radical government that took power over the National Assembly; declared France a republic.
Committee for Public Safety
Organization created by the National Convention to protect the citizens of France and the French republic.
Reign of Terror
Brutal program initiated by the French National Convention's Committee of Public Safety to silence critics of the republic. Many were interrogated and executed.
Leader of the Committee for Public Safety, radical jacobin, responsible for hundreds of deaths during the Reign of Terror, blacklisted his own men who then executed him.
More moderate government that came to power after the National Convention, was very corrupt and was hated by almost all French citizens.
A political club in France that consisted of radical republicans that wanted the king stripped of his title and dead.