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Unit 2: The Founding Documents
Terms in this set (59)
King James I
Author of the Virginia Company Charter.
Virginia Company Charter
Allowed the colonists in Virginia to establish a colonial government.
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
Allowed for freedom of religion in Virginia.
Means cannot be taken away.
Life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
Three "unalienable rights" in the Declaration of Independence.
Declaration of Independence
Document that declared the 13 colonies' independence from Britain.
Virginia Declaration of Rights
Document that influenced the writing of the Bill of Rights.
Articles of Confederation
Our nation's first government.
The Articles of Confederation lacked this important power.
Rule of Law
Laws apply to everyone equally.
Document that limited the powers of the king/queen of England.
A government ruled by a king or queen.
Author of the Declaration of Independence and the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom.
Trial by Jury
The right to have a jury decide a person's innocence or guilt.
England's legislative branch.
Taxation with Representation
The government must ask its citizens before it can raise taxes.
Author of the Virginia Declaration of Rights.
First permanent English settlement in the New World.
King John I
King of England who was forced to sign the Magna Carta.
England's "lost colony" that disappeared.
Indian tribe that lived around the Jamestown colony.
Crop that saved the Jamestown colony.
Capital of the Virginia colony.
House of Burgesses
Made laws and passed taxes for the Virginia colony.
"The Starving Time"
When the Jamestown colonists almost starved to death.
England's colonies on the Eastern seaboard.
Chief Powhatan's daughter who married John Rolfe.
Stamp, Sugar, Townshend, and Tea Acts
Series of taxes placed on the colonists by King George III.
Boston Tea Party
When the colonists dumped tea into Boston Harbor.
When British troops fired on and killed five American colonists.
Battle of Lexington and Concord
First battle of the American Revolution.
Battle of Yorktown
Last battle of the American Revolution.
Country that helped the colonists defeat England in the American Revolution.
His famous horse ride helped to warn the colonists about the British army.
Colonists who wanted to remain a part of England.
Colonists who wanted the colonies to break away from England.
July 4, 1776
Date the Declaration of Independence was signed.
Freed slave who was killed in the Boston Massacre.
Alter or Abolish
Two options citizens can do if the government fails to protect their rights.
King George III
King of England whose actions caused the American Revolution.
Patriot who said, "Give me liberty or give me death!"
War between the 13 colonies and England.
Divine Right of Kings
Belief that God had selected a king to rule over his subjects.
Selected as the general to lead the 13 colonies during the American Revolution.
English philosopher who influenced Thomas Jefferson when he wrote the Declaration of Independence.
French and Indian War
War that put England into debt causing them to tax the colonies.
Proclamation of 1763
Law that stopped colonists from settling the Ohio Valley.
Tar and Feather
What colonists would do to British tax collectors.
Patriot who helped with the Declaration of Independence and who had a loyalist son.
Brought tobacco to Jamestown; married Pocahontas.
Leader of the Jamestown colony who Chief Powhatan respected.
Patriot who helped Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin with the Declaration of Independence.
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point in the American Revolution when France finally joined with the colonists.
British general who was defeated at the Battle of Yorktown.
Quartering Act of 1765
Required colonists to provide food and housing for British troops.
A territory controlled by a mother country.
Friederich von Steuben
German officer who helped turn the colonial troops into a professional army.
1783 Treaty of Paris
Treaty that ended the American Revolution.
"The rights of Englishmen"
Name for the rights in the Magna Carta.
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