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Chapter 5 People and Places and Things

8th grade section 1-4 chapter 5
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Suger Act
this act lowered the tax on MOLASSES imported by the colonist. The British government hoped the act would convince the colonists to pay the taxes instead of smuggling goods in to the colonies. The act also let officers seize goods from smugglers without going to court.
Stamp Act
This law placed a tax on almost all PRINTED materials in the colonies - newspapers, pamphlets, wills and even playing cards.
Patrick Henry
This person was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. He persuaded the burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act. "If this be treson, make the most of it!"
Samuel Adams
this leader of the son of liberty. He was the cousin of John Adams.
Sons of Liberty
Is a group of men organized to protest the actions of British government.
Declaratory
This act intended to make it clear to the colonies that Britain's power over them was not to be questioned. Stated the Parliament had the right to tax and make decisions for the British colonies.
Townshend Act
this act was placed an import duty on tea, glass, lead, paint, and paper.
Quarter Act
Is a law enacted in 1765 that required colonist to provide food and shelter for british troops.
Boston Massachure
The Red coats opened fire on the colonist that were harassing them outside the customs house.
Tea Act (Of 1773)
This act gave the East India Co. the right to ship tea to the colonist with out paying musch of the taxes usually paid on tea. It created a monoply.(not the board game)
Crispus Attacks
The name of the African American killed in the Boston Massacre.
Boston Tea Party
On December 16, 1773, colonist boared ships and threw 342 chests of tea overboard to protest the Tea Act.
Intolerable Acts
A act that was passed in the spring of 1774 by Parliament, these were very harsh laws intended to punish the people of Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party. It closed the Boston Harbor until the tea was paid for the colonists called the law the ________.
Paul Revere (And Samuel Adams )
Who was the leaders of the Son of liberty that warned the people the British were coming
John Adams
Who was a (male) cousin to Samuel Adams. He was a lawyer sent as a delegate to the Continental Congress.
Continental Congress
Had 55 delegates from all of the colonies except Georgie met in Philadelphia in September 1774 to form a political body to represent American interests and challenge British control.
John Adams
A Lawyer from New York, sent as a delegate to the Continental Congress.
Battle Of Bunkerhill
The British won this battle, but suffered heavy losses - more than 1,000 dead.
Tomas Paine
He published a pamphlet called Common Sense
Declaration of Independence
Approved on July 4, 1776 - This document stated the colonist's intent to separate itself from britain. It also included a list of complaints against the king. It was written by Thomas Jefferson
Common Sence (or introduction)
This pamphlet called for complete independence from britain.
Second Continental Congress
Second meeting of the delegates. They began to govern the colonist and authorized the printed of money an set up a post office. They also created the Continental Army.
Olive Branch Petition
This was sent to King George the 3rd. It assured the king of the colonists to desire for peace and ask the King to protect the colonists right.
Contial Army
Army of the colonies - more organized than the militia.