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19 terms

Social Studies chapter 5

STUDY
PLAY
subcontinent
a large land mass that is smaller than acontinent like India.
sanskirt
most important language in ancient egypt.
monsoons
seasonal wind pattern that causes wet or dry seasons.
caste system
division of indian society in groups based on rank, wealth, occupation
Hinduism
the main religion of India. It teaches that everything is a part of a universal spirit called Brahman
reincarnation
A Hindu and Buddhist belief that souls are born and reborn many times, each time into a new body.
karma
in Buddhism and Hinduism, the effects that good or bad actions have on a persons soul.
jainism
An indian religion based on the teachings of Mahavria that teaches all life is sacred.
non violence
the avoidance of violent actions
fasting
going without food for a period of time
meditation
deep, continued thought that focuses the mind on spiritual ideas.
buddhism
a religion based on the teachings on the Buddah that developed in India in the 500bc.
nirvana
in Buddhism, a state of perfect peace.
missionary
someone who works to spread religious beliefs.
metallurgy
the science of working with metals.
allow
a mixture of more metals
Hindu Arabic numerals
the number system we use today that was created by Indian scholars during the Gupta dynasty.
Inoculation
injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to help build up defenses to a disease.
astronomy
the study of stars and planets.