APHUG Unit 1 Test Review

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Mercator projection
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Terms in this set (41)
cartogramsthe sizes of countries are shown according to some specific statistic (like pop map in the back of the room)distortionall maps are selective in info maps inevitably distort spatial relationships: SADD Shape, area, distance, and direction all projects have distortion but at least one part of SADD must be preservedtoponymsnames for cities, mountains, etc.map scaleThe relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth's surface.large scale mapMaps that cover smaller areas with greater detail would be ratio of 1:20,000small scale mapShows fewer details, and focuses on a larger area (region, world) would be ratio of 1: 200,000scale of analysisa scale that determines what is being studied based on the size of the area being examined "this can be identified as a ______ map at a ______ scale of analysis" global, regional, national, localregionsA geographic area defined by one or more characteristics that set it apart from other areasformal/uniform regionsdefined by the gov or defined by features like mts, lakes or defined by common characteristic that can be MEASUREDfunctional/nodal regionsAn area organized around a node or focal point usually characterized by a hub ex: newspaper delivery route, transit routesperceptual/vernacular regionsplaces that people believe to exist as a part of their cultural identity ppl perceive the characteristics of the region in the same way ex: deep southcultural ecologyregions can be defined by human-environment relationshipsenvironmental determinismthe view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development - ppl in extreme climates are "lazy" compared to moderate climate -> superiority complexpossiblismenvironment may limit but people have the ability to adapt and modify one can choose to grow which crop that would grow best in your climatepurpose of the census bureauIn addition to collecting population data for the purposes of accurately apportioning congressional districts, the federal government uses census data, among other reasons, to determine: The allocation of federal funding for education programs in states and communitiesrelative locationDescribed by landmarks, time, direction, or distance from one place to another can change as accessibility changes ex: ghost townssitephysical characteristics of a place unlikely to change ex: climate, geographical formations, soil, structuressituationdescription of a place, based on relationship two something else ex: relative location, cultural elementsspatial interactionthe movement of peoples, ideas, and goods interconnectedness of places depends on: distances, accessibility, connectivitytime and distance decayfarther from the source & the more time it takes, the less likely innovation adoptedcultural barriersSome practices, ideas, innovations are not acceptable/adoptable in a particular culture • Cultural taboos, e.g. pork, alcohol, contraceptivesphysical barriersphysical barriers on the surface may prohibit or inhibit adoptionspace time compressionThe reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications and transportation systemstime zones24 hour zones that 1,000 miles apart from the other, each one is an hour before or after the one next to it, helps to differentiate between the different times from one point on the Earth to another point. some countries use 1/2 time zones china and india only have 1 time zone 40 zonesdensity distributionfrequency that something occurs in space ex: arithmetic, physiological, agriculturalconcentration distributionextent of spread over space ex: clustered or dispersedpattern distributiongeometric arrangement of objects in space ex: linear, centralized, rectangulargeospatial technologythree technologies of global positioning systems, geographical information systems and remote sensing that are all related to mapping features on earthremote sensingA method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study. - can provide accurate measurements of the earth - satellites can communicate, and send information from space for navigation and weatherglobal positioning systemA system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.Geographic Information System (GIS)A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.