Terms in this set (44)
An English document that limited the power of the Monarch.
English Bill of Rights
The bill declared the power of Parliament and kept the Monarch from passing new taxes or changing laws without parliaments approval.
A set of basic principles and laws that states the powers and duties of the government.
Virginia statue for religious freedom
A law that included Thomas Jefferson's ideas granting religious freedom.
Articles of Confederation
The new national Constitution which made a new Confederation Congress the national government.
Official approval of the articles of Confederation by the states.
Land ordinance of 1785
A law that set up a system for surveying the land and dividing the Northwest territory.
Northwest ordinance of 1787
A law that established the Northwest territory and formed a political system for the region.
A territory including Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.
The English Bill of Rights, Magna Carta, and the enlightenment.
Where did Americans find ideas for their government?
Yes because slavery should be banned in all of the states but they needed slaves for working on plantations.
Should the states in that banned slavery have been more insistent that other states ban it also?
Congress had limited powers to guard the people's freedoms. The Congress had powers but could only ask the states for money and soldiers. The states could refuse these requests. Articles were ratified by all the states to form the first American government.
What are the articles of Confederation?
The land ordinance of 1785 split up the land and sold it.
What is the land ordinance of 1785?
The Northwest ordinance of 1787 formed in the northwest territory. It governed the sections of land.
What is the Northwest ordinance of 1787?
The northwest territory could draft their own constitution when the population hit 60,000. They could then asked to join the union. Slavery was banned in the northwest territory.
What is the northwest territory?
How many acres were and a half section?
How many acres were in a quarter section?
How many acres were in an eight section?
How many acres were in a 16th section?
How many acres were in a section?
The northwest territory was divided into townships. Then each township was separated into 36 sections containing 640 acres. all of the sections could be sold except for section 16 which was used for public education.
How was the northwest territory divided in the ordinance of 1785?
The land in the northwest territory was sold at an auction. The minimum bid was one dollar and acre.
How was the land sold?
The ordinance of 1787 or the Northwest ordinance provided a government for the Northwest territory.
What was the Northwest ordinance?
1. When the population of a territory was small, it was governed by governor in three judges who were chosen by Congress.
What is the first step that a territory must take before reaching statehood?
2. When there were 5000 adult males in the territory, and assembly could be chosen. This assembly would make laws for the territory. The assembly would also send a delegate to the US Congress. This delegate could suggest legislation, but he could not vote.
What is the second step that a territory must take before reaching statehood?
3. When there were 60,000 free and happenings in the area it could prepare a constitution and petition Congress for statehood. If Congress approved the proposed Constitution, the area would become a state.
What is the third step that a territory must take before reaching statehood?
The Northwest ordinance and guaranteed the rights of all people in the northwest territory. These rights were the right to worship as they wish, the right of freedom of speech, the right to a jury trial, and protection from cruel and unusual punishment.
What were the rights guaranteed by the Northwest ordinance?
The law encouraged the growth and development of public education in provided that slavery was never to be allowed. It guy did the states which were formed from the Northwest territory but was also the model which was followed by all the other states which subsequently came into the union.
Why was the Northwest ordinance one of the most important laws ever passed by any government?
The Ohio and Mississippi rivers.
Which two major rivers form the western and southern boundaries of the northwest territory?
It is eligible for statehood when its population gets up to 60,000.
When was the territory eligible for statehood?
The Congress approves of the state constitution.
Under the Northwest ordinance, who or what approves a territories proposed Constitution before the territory becomes a state?
The first state to be part of the northwest territory was Ohio because people were probably coming from all around it and that's how it reads the 60,000 population.
Why was the first state in the northwest territory the first to reach statehood?
The Northwest Territories became states when they became eligible for statehood in drafted their own constitution. The Congress and then approved of it and it became a state. The 13 colonies became states by winning the war against Britain.
How was the process in which the Northwest Territories became states different from how the 13 colonies became states.
The United States wanted to force the British to give them therefore it's because they protected valuable land in for a trade routes but the British wouldn't.
What was a foreign problem with Britain?
Western farmers and merchants were very angry because the Spanish officials closed the lower part of the Mississippi River that they used to send goods.
What was a foreign problem with Spain?
States filed their own trade interest so they each had their own trade laws. Merchants had trouble trading because the laws were different in each state. States started printing money because of overdue taxes. Congress couldn't stop inflation.
What is a economic problems of the new nation?
Massachusetts collected taxes on land in farmers had trouble paying their debts. They were forced to sell their land because they couldn't pay the taxes. Farmers began to revolt and they shut down there chords so their way and couldn't be taken. They were soon defeated by state troops and were put in prison.
What is Shays's Rebellion?
It happens when there is an increase in prices for goods and services combined with a reduction in value of money.
Taxes on imports and exports.
A revolt started by farmers in three western Massachusetts counties.
A period of low economic activity combined with a rise in unemployment.
Leader of the group of farmers that forced the shutdown of the Supreme Court in springfield, Massachusetts in 1786.
Trade between two or more states.