71 terms

Systems Analysis

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Michaela is a systems analyst who is determining business requirements. What would most likely be the SDLC phase for her?

Planning
Analysis
Design
Implementation
Business requirements are not developed by systems analysts, but by business analysts
Analysis
Becky is a systems analyst for Laswell Consulting. She is attending a three day intensive workshop on developing applications in php. What systems analyst skill is she working on?

Technical
Business
Analytical
Interpersonal
Ethical
Technical
The outcome of the design phase is the:

Feasibility Analysis document
System proposal document
System specification document
System request document
Business Process document
System specification document
Which of the following project roles would analyze the key business aspects of the system?

Systems analyst
Business analyst
Infrastructure analyst
Change management analyst
Project manager
Business analyst
Robert is doing an economic analysis using today's dollar values. He is doing:

Cash flow analysis
Return on investment analysis
Break-even point analysis
Net present value analysis
Internal rate of return analysi
Net present value analysis
Which is NOT an attribute of a systems analyst?

Understanding what to change
Knowing how to change it
Convincing others of the need to change
Serving as a change agent
Selecting which projects to approve
Selecting which projects to approve
TJ has prepared a spreadsheet where the total benefits are $182,000; the total cumulative costs are $120,000. The ROI would be::

$62,000
About 34%
About 51.7%
About 65.3%
Less than 20%
About 51.7%
Which of the following project roles would insure that the system conforms to information systems standards?

Systems analyst
Business analyst
Infrastructure analyst
Change management analyst
Project manager
Systems analyst
Jack is going over financial numbers for a proposed project. Which of the following system analyst skills is he exhibiting currently?

Technical
Business
Analytical
Interpersonal
Management
Analytical
Jona's project is to take a fairly straight-forward manual process and make it an electronic process. This will make the processing more efficient. Which of the following requirements analysis strategies is she using?

Business Process Automation
Business Process Improvement
Business Process Internalization
Business Process Reengineering
Business Process Renovation
Business Process Automation
The outcome of the analysis phase is the:

Feasibility Analysis document
System proposal document
System specification document
System request document
Business Process document
System proposal document
Another outcome of the planning phase is the:

Feasibility Analysis document
Project Plan
System specification document
System proposal document
Business Process document
Project Plan
Because the cost can be immense, _________ is one of the most critical steps in implementation.

Documentation
Coding
Testing
Developing a conversion strategy
Training
Testing
The outcome of the planning phase is the:

Test plan
System proposal document
System specification document
System request document
Business Process document
System request document
Alice is calculating whether a system will lower costs or increase revenues. What SDLC phase is she in?

Planning
Analysis
Design
Implementation
Evaluation
Planning
Which is NOT true for systems analysts?

They create value for an organization
They enable the organization to perform work better
They do things and challenge the current way that an organization works
They play a key role in information systems development projects
They are the project sponsors for system proposals
They are the project sponsors for system proposals
The type of skill that is common to systems analysts to understand how IT can be applied to business situations and to ensure that the IT delivers real business value is:

Technical
Business
Analytical
Interpersonal
Ethical
Business
Chang is working on "How will this system work". What SDLC phase is he in?

Planning
Analysis
Design
Implementation
Transition
Design
Ramya is preparing an economic feasibility study. She has a calculation where she takes total benefits minus total costs and divides that answer by the total costs. She is calculating:

Cash flow
Return on investment
Break-even point
Net present value
Internal rate of return
Return on investment
Which of the following project roles would assign resources to a project?

Systems analyst
Business analyst
Infrastructure analyst
Change management analyst
Project manager
Project manager
Which was NOT given as a method for determining business requirements?

Benchmarking
Interviewing
Observation
Document analysis
Questionnaires and surveys
Benchmarking
Rocky is dealing one-on-one with users and business managers (including some that have little experience with technology). He is demonstrating what system analyst skill?

Technical
Business
Analytical
Interpersonal
Ethical
Interpersonal
Which is an activity the users probably will NOT do on a project?

Make decisions that influence the project
Budget funds for the project
Perform hands-on activities for the project
Be assigned specific tasks to perform (with clear deadlines)
Have some official roles on the project team
Budget funds for the project
Which of the following project roles would identify how technology can improve business processes?

Systems analyst
Business analyst
Infrastructure analyst
Change management analyst
Project manager
Systems analyst
Ramona is preparing an economic feasibility study. She is calculating the payback period. She is calculating:

Cash flow
Return on investment
Break-even point
Net present value
Internal rate of return
Break-even point
Wayne is a senior director of finance. His company only recently came under Sarbanes-Oxley regulations and is the project sponsor to become compliant. He realizes that examining the as-is system may not be much help as the regulations are so radical that a major analysis and design project must be completed to make the company compliant. He is leaning towards: ______________

Business Process Automation
Business Process Improvement
Business Process Internalization
Business Process Reengineering
Business Process Renovation
Business Process Reengineering
Which would normally NOT be a reason for a project?

When a business need has been identified
A consultant has suggest a new customer relationship management system
An open source platform has just come on the market
An existing system just isn't working properly and the workaround is tedious
To support a new business initiative
An open source platform has just come on the market
Linda is a clerk in the accounting department. She was interviewed by David and is excited about the proposed system that will utilize electronic funds transfer. This would be an example of ______.

Tangible benefit
Cash flow
Break even analysis
Intangible benefit
Return on investment
Intangible benefit
Which of the following project roles would probably make a presentation about the objectives of a proposed project and its benefits to executives who will benefit directly from the project?

Business Analyst
Systems Analyst
Project Manager
Champion
Chief Information Officer (CIO)
Champion
Which of the following project roles would serve as a primary point of contact for a project?

Systems analyst
Business analyst
Infrastructure analyst
Change management analyst
Project manager
Project manager
Anny is planning on talking with a clerk and a manager in the accounts payable area, a manager in the procurement department, and two vendors. She is probably doing:

Observation
Interviews
JAD
Documentation analysis
Organizational Feasibility
Interviews
The type of skill that is common to systems analysts to deal fairly and honestly with other project team members is:

Technical
Business
Analytical
Interpersonal
Ethical
Ethical
PCM Incorporated will need to purchase new servers for a system. This would be a:

Development cost
Operating cost
Ongoing cost
Intangible cost
Intangible benefit
Development cost
Moderate changes to existing processes falls under the _________ analysis.

Business Process Automation (BPA)
Business Process Improvement (BPI)
Business Process Reengineering (BPR)
Business Process Blue-skying (BPB)
Business Process Efficiency (BPE)
Business Process Improvement (BPI)
Which phase is generally the longest and most expensive part of the development process?

Planning
Analysis
Design
Implementation
Feasibility
Implementation
Kallie is creating use cases, data flow diagrams and entity relationship diagrams. In what phase of the SDLC would she do this?

Planning
Analysis
Design
Construction
Implementation
Analysis
Which of the following methodologies might be most appropriate if you have a system project with: unclear requirements; very familiar technologies; not all that complex; reasonably reliable; a short time schedule and the schedule visibility is somewhat important?

Waterfall
Parallel
Iterative
System prototyping
Extreme Programming
Extreme Programming
Micah is a fairly new project manager. He estimated for a project plan (on the planning phase) that the project would cost $50,000 and take 20 weeks. According to the margin of error guidelines for well-done estimates, that could range from:

$0 and $100,000 - and between 15 and 25 weeks
$10,000 and $60,000 - and between 12 and 28 weeks
$0 and $100,000 - and between 0 and 40 weeks
$5,000 and $100,000 - and between 10 and 30 weeks
$25,000 and $75,000 - and between 10 and 30 weeks
$0 and $100,000 - and between 15 and 25 weeks
What the MAIN difference between systems prototyping and throwaway prototyping?

Systems prototyping involves users while throwaway prototyping does not

Throwaway prototyping involves users while systems prototyping does not

Systems prototyping is a rapid application development methodology; while throwaway prototyping is not

Systems prototyping works with users to quickly develop a simplified working version of the proposed system; while throwaway prototyping focuses more on exploring design alternatives

Throwaway prototyping develops systems that will be use as 'stop-gap' systems - and generally for less than six months; while systems prototyping results in systems that will be used extensively for several years.
Systems prototyping works with users to quickly develop a simplified working version of the proposed system; while throwaway prototyping focuses more on exploring design alternatives
The science (or art) of project management is in making ___________ of size, time and cost.

Benchmark comparisons
Analytical and educated estimates
Trade-offs
Maximum calculations
Minimum calculation
Trade-offs
Bob is selecting a systems analysis and design methodology. What might be the first step?

Selecting the shortest methodology

Researching the organizations standards and policies for 'approved' methodologies

Interviewing senior management as to their suggestions on methodologies

Do a quick 'cost/benefit' analysis on which methodology will provide the most benefits at the lowest cost

Do an analysis on which methodology might lessen or eliminate scope creep
Researching the organizations standards and policies for 'approved' methodologies
Which is a true statement about IT projects?

Most IS departments face a demand for IT projects that far exceed the ability to do them.

Project Managers must be certified as PMP (Project Management Professionals)

Project estimates tend to have a built-in buffer of time

Project teams of 12 to 15 are generally considered optimum

The majority of projects taken on by IT departments are not strategic to the business
Most IS departments face a demand for IT projects that far exceed the ability to do them.
The most common reason for schedule and cost overruns is ___________

Team conflict
Lack of communication from project manager to project team
Lack of support by sponsor and champion
Scope creep
Adding people to a late project
Scope creep
Which of the following methodologies is the historic standard, but is used less today because it takes the longest to complete all the SDLC steps?

Waterfall
Parallel
Iterative
System prototyping
Throwaway prototyping
Waterfall
Garrett has been told by management that his project MUST be completed on time. His best estimates are more than two weeks after the absolute deadline. Which technique could he use to get a functional system on time?

Risk management
System prototyping
Benchmarking
Timeboxing
Activity elimination
Timeboxing
Which of the following methodologies might be most appropriate if you have a system project with: clear requirements; very familiar technologies; not all that complex; reasonably reliable; a short time schedule and the schedule visibility is not important?

Waterfall
Parallel
Iterative
System prototyping
Throwaway prototyping
Parallel
Which of the following might result in version 1; version 2 (etc.) of a system?

System Prototyping
Waterfall Development
Iterative Development
System Prototyping
Parallel Development
Iterative Development
Which of the following methodologies might be most appropriate if you have a system project with: clear requirements; very familiar technologies; not all that complex; reasonably reliable; a very long time schedule and the schedule visibility is not important?

Waterfall
Parallel
Iterative
System prototyping
Throwaway prototyping
Waterfall
Parallel methodology is BEST characterized as:

A 'Quick and Dirty' system
A series of versions
A method for exploring design alternatives
A method for stressing customer satisfaction
More explicit testing
A series of versions
The main difference between the Parallel Development Methodology and the Iterative Development Methodology is that:

The Parallel Development Methodology will have various releases (like version 1.0; 2.0, etc.) and the Iterative will not

The Iterative Methodology will break the system project into sub-projects for analysis, design and implementation and then merge them into a final system and the Parallel will not

The Parallel Methodology will have sub-projects and the Iterative Methodology will have various releases

The Parallel Methodology will create various models or prototypes with user involvement before setting on design concepts and the Iterative will not

The Iterative Methodology will create various models or prototypes with user involvement before setting on design concepts and the Parallel Methodology will not
The Parallel Methodology will have sub-projects and the Iterative Methodology will have various releases
Which would generally NOT be taken into consideration for project portfolio management in an organization?

The number of large projects
The number of tactical projects
The number of high risk projects
The number of strategic projects
The number of financially feasible projects
The number of financially feasible projects
The V-model pays more explicit attention to ___________:

Iteration
Return on investment (ROI)
Business Value (the "V")
Testing
Prototyping
Testing
System prototyping is BEST characterized as:

A 'Quick and Dirty' system
A series of versions
A method for exploring design alternatives
A method for stressing customer satisfaction
More explicit testing
A 'Quick and Dirty' system
A team of developers and customers are in close communication, with frequent communications, simplicity, feedback and courage. This would best describe:

The parallel development methodology
The waterfall development methodology
The iterative development methodology
The Extreme Programming methodology
The throwaway prototyping methodology
The Extreme Programming methodology
RAD is an acronym for:

Real Application Development
Rapid Application Design
Rapid Authentic Development
Real Autonomous Development
Rapid Application Development
Rapid Application Development
Which of the following is NOT a classic planning mistake?

Overly optimistic schedule
Failing to monitor the schedule
Failing to update the schedule
Adding people to a late project
Omitting key requirements
Omitting key requirements
Which of the following would BEST describe "system complexity"?

The aspect of using technologies that analysts and developers are familiar with

The aspect of what the business side really wants the system to do

The aspect of how quickly the system can be developed and implemented

The aspect of how intricate and difficult the system must be

The aspect of how accurate the system must be (such as medical equipment or for games)
The aspect of how intricate and difficult the system must be
TJ is coordinating a project. Which would he probably NOT use to avoid conflicts?

Encourage a competitive edge between team members
Clearly defining plans for the project
Develop a project charter
Look at other projects and priorities and see how that might impact the project
Communicate the business value to the team
Encourage a competitive edge between team members
Which of the following methodologies might be most appropriate if you have a system project with: unclear user requirements; unfamiliar technologies; somewhat complex; needs to be reliable; time is not an issue and the schedule visibility is somewhat important?

Waterfall
Parallel
Iterative
System prototyping
Throwaway prototyping
Throwaway prototyping
Which is NOT suggested for IT development projects?

Projects need to be prioritized
Projects need to be carefully selected
Projects need to be carefully managed
Projects need to give a positive return on investment within four years
Projects need to give value to the business
Projects need to give a positive return on investment within four years
Throwaway prototyping is BEST characterized as:

A 'Quick and Dirty' system
A series of versions
A method for exploring design alternatives
A method for stressing customer satisfaction
More explicit testing
A method for exploring design alternatives
Suggestions for motivation might include all of these EXCEPT:

Setting realistic deadlines
Giving all team members the same bonus on a project
Recognize and reward good efforts
Reward those with outstanding quality and effort
Having a good working environment
Giving all team members the same bonus on a project
Which of the following methodologies might be most appropriate if you have a system project with: somewhat unclear requirements; somewhat unfamiliar technologies; that is complex; reasonably reliable; a short time schedule and high schedule visibility?

Waterfall
Parallel
Iterative
System prototyping
Throwaway prototyping
Iterative
Interpersonal skills for a project manager might be important when:

Making assignments for a project
Creating a cost/benefit spreadsheet
Creating the system proposal
Working with a highly controversial project that may have political implications
Using the V-model variation of the Waterfall Methodology.
Working with a highly controversial project that may have political implications
A critical success factor in project management is to:

Say "no" to all requests as they add to 'scope creep'

Use throwaway prototyping

Use a CASE tool to delineate requirements from work tasks

Start with a realistic assessment of the work that needs to be done

Hire an outside project management consulting grou
Start with a realistic assessment of the work that needs to be done
If the skills required by a project cannot be met by the available project team, which would probably NOT be a reasonable solution?

Use a consultant

Use a contract employee

Modify the project to use skills inherent on the project team

Train the project team (or some of the team) on the skills needed

Mentor a team member (like sending a person to work on a similar project to acquire the necessary skills)
Modify the project to use skills inherent on the project team
Extreme Programming (XP) is BEST characterized as:

A 'Quick and Dirty' system
A series of versions
A method for exploring design alternatives
A method for stressing customer satisfaction
More explicit testing
A method for stressing customer satisfaction
Which of the following methodologies might be most appropriate if you have a system project with: unclear user requirements; unfamiliar technologies; very complex; must be reliable; a short to medium time schedule and the schedule visibility is somewhat important?

Waterfall
Parallel
Iterative
System prototyping
Throwaway prototyping
Throwaway prototyping
Kumar is the project manager for a revised TTP system. Which of the following most likely would NOT be considered in developing a work plan?

Identifying tasks that need to be completed
Estimating the time that will be needed on tasks
Creating a dependency chart
The organizational readiness for the project
Key milestones that need to be met
The organizational readiness for the project
Which of the following methodologies might be most appropriate if you have a system project with: clear requirements; very familiar technologies; not all that complex; must be reliable; a somewhat longer schedule and the schedule visibility is not important?

Waterfall
Parallel
Iterative
System prototyping
V-model
V-model
Which of the following would BEST describe "system reliability"?

The aspect of using technologies that analysts and developers are familiar with

The aspect of what the business side really wants the system to do

The aspect of how quickly the system can be developed and implemented

The aspect of how complex the system must be

The aspect of how accurate the system must be (such as medical equipment or for games)
The aspect of how accurate the system must be (such as medical equipment or for games)
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