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24 terms

Chapter 5-Civil Rights and public Policy

chapter 5 vocabulary
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Civil Rights
policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by goverment officials or individuals
Fourteenth Amendment
forbids the states from denying anyone equal protection of the laws
Equal Protection of the Laws
part of the fourteenth amendment emphasizing that the laws must provide equal protection to all people
Scott v. Sandford
supported slavery and stated that no black man had ower under a white government and that government had no power to ban slavery
Thirteenth Amendment
forbds slavery and involuntary servitude
Plessy v. Ferguson
equal but seperate, supported segregation of blacks and whites
Brown v. Board of Education
school segregation is unconstitutional because it violates the fourteenth amendment
Civil Rights Act of 1964
the law that made racial discrimination against any group in hotels, motels, and resturants illegal and forbade many forms of job discrimination
Suffrage
the legal right to vote
Fiftheenth Amendment
extend suffrage to african americans
Poll Taxes
small taxes that were put on the right to vote
White Primary
rendered african american's votes ineffective
Twenty-Fourth Amendment
declared poll taxes void
Voting Rights Act of 1965
designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African Americans suffrage
Korematsu v. United States
held that internment camps for Japanese americans were constitutional
Nineteenth Amendment
gave women the right to vote
Equal Rights Amendment
would have made women equal to men if passed
Reed v. Reed
the supreme court for the first time upheld a claim of gender discrimination
Craig v. Boren
established a medium scrutiny
Comparable Worth
the issue of when women are payed less for the same job that men work
Americans with Disabilties Act of 1990
reduires businesses to make reasonable accomodations for people with diasabilities
Affirmative Action
policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment of members of some previously disadvantaged group
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
supreme court decision holding that a state university could not admit less qualified individuals solely because of their race
Adarand Consturctors v. Pena
dicision holding that federal programs that classify people by race should be presumed unconstitutional