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chapter 5 vocabulary

Civil Rights

policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by goverment officials or individuals

Fourteenth Amendment

forbids the states from denying anyone equal protection of the laws

Equal Protection of the Laws

part of the fourteenth amendment emphasizing that the laws must provide equal protection to all people

Scott v. Sandford

supported slavery and stated that no black man had ower under a white government and that government had no power to ban slavery

Thirteenth Amendment

forbds slavery and involuntary servitude

Plessy v. Ferguson

equal but seperate, supported segregation of blacks and whites

Brown v. Board of Education

school segregation is unconstitutional because it violates the fourteenth amendment

Civil Rights Act of 1964

the law that made racial discrimination against any group in hotels, motels, and resturants illegal and forbade many forms of job discrimination


the legal right to vote

Fiftheenth Amendment

extend suffrage to african americans

Poll Taxes

small taxes that were put on the right to vote

White Primary

rendered african american's votes ineffective

Twenty-Fourth Amendment

declared poll taxes void

Voting Rights Act of 1965

designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African Americans suffrage

Korematsu v. United States

held that internment camps for Japanese americans were constitutional

Nineteenth Amendment

gave women the right to vote

Equal Rights Amendment

would have made women equal to men if passed

Reed v. Reed

the supreme court for the first time upheld a claim of gender discrimination

Craig v. Boren

established a medium scrutiny

Comparable Worth

the issue of when women are payed less for the same job that men work

Americans with Disabilties Act of 1990

reduires businesses to make reasonable accomodations for people with diasabilities

Affirmative Action

policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment of members of some previously disadvantaged group

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke

supreme court decision holding that a state university could not admit less qualified individuals solely because of their race

Adarand Consturctors v. Pena

dicision holding that federal programs that classify people by race should be presumed unconstitutional

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