U.S. History: Chapter 15
Terms in this set (51)
The Allies adopted a "Europe First" strategy because
only Germany was considered a serious long-term threat.
Which of the following describes the Battle of Midway?
Admiral Yamamoto wanted to force U.S. defenses back to the California coast.
Japanese Americans generally faced more restrictions than Italian or German Americans during World War II because they
were more isolated from other Americans
Why did Stalin want Britain and the United States to open a second front in France?
He wanted Germany to divide its troops between two fronts.
President Truman's chief priority in using the atomic bomb against Japan was to
save American lives.
Which group did Nazi ideology consider superior to other people?
At the 1942 Wannsee Conference, Reinhard Heydrich
outlined a plan to exterminate about 11,000,000 Jews.
"...belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration [aim] of the common people."
What does the quotation from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaim?
People should try to ensure freedom and happiness for all humans.
What is one result of WWII?
Colonial peoples renewed their drive for independence from European powers.
Following the battle of Stalingrad,
Hitler's plans of dominating Europe had ended.
What did American leaders learn at Kasserine Pass in North Africa?
They needed aggressive officers and troops better trained for desert fighting.
Allied bombing of Germany in 1942 changed the war because it
helped pave the way for a later all-out offensive.
Which if the following was a result of the Battle of Midway?
Japan never again threatened Pacific domination.
How did wartime pressures create a break from the past?
Many women took jobs that fell outside the traditional realm of women's work.
During WWII, many African Americans
joined organizations dedicated to fighting segregation.
How did population shifts change American life during the war?
The Southwest became a growing cultural, social, economic, and political force
Executive Order 9066 affected civil liberties in the United States because it
designated war zones from which anyone could be removed.
FDR created the Office of Price Administration (OPA), which
had the authority to control wages and set maximum prices.
Which of the following took place at the Tehran Conference?
Roosevelt deferred to Churchill in all discussions with Stalin.
What was one effect of the D-Day invasion?
The Allies took an important step toward reaching Berlin.
One of the effects of the Battle of the Bulge was that
Germany used its reserves and demoralized its troops in the battle.
As Americans forces approached Japan, Japanese forces
fought to the end, preferring to kill themselves rather than surrender.
Who made the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan?
Harry S. Truman
Hitler's economic persecution of Jews in Germany involved
barring Jews from working in civil service.
Many Jews were prevented from leaving Germany because
some countries refused to accept them during the Great Depression.
What was Hitler's "final solution"?
A plan to exterminate all Jews living in Third Reich-controlled regions.
The largest Nazi death camp was located at
During the 1945 conference in Potsdam,
the Big Three formalized the plan to divide Germany into four zones of occupation.
How did Japan change politically after WWII?
A new constitution enacted democratic reforms.
Which two nations emerged as the strongest following WWII?
The Soviet Union and the United States.
The United Nations (U.N.) was organized to
encourage cooperation between the Great Powers.
What campaign in the European theater was fought on a continent other than Europe?
North African campaign.
Which battle on the Russian Front ended Hitler's plans for dominating Europe?
Between which two years was there the biggest increase in the number of women entering the workforce?
1942 & 1943
"...Never had anyone seen anything like it..."
What development did Cutler call "unbelievable"?
The arrival of Allied transport and glider planes.
What effect did the D-Day invasion have on WWII?
Forced the Germans to fight the war on two fronts.
"...The English radio says they're being gassed."
What was the Westerbork to which Frank referred?
a concentration camp.
Which of the following measures were taken when the Allies dealt with war criminals that violated provisions of the Geneva Convention?
The Allies held trials against Japanese citizens who brutally mistreated prisoners of war.
How did Executive Order 8802 contribute to civil rights reform?
It assured fair hiring practices in any job funded with government money.
Why did Roosevelt and Churchill include Stalin in postwar plans even though they distrusted him?
The Red Army occupied much of Eastern Europe.
Allied two-front strategy used to defeat Hitler
"Europe First" strategy
Strategy used for capturing strategic Pacific locations
Campaigned against discriminatory practices in the United States
A. Phillip Randolph
Big Three meeting to discuss postwar plans
Famous African American squadron
Limiting the amount of certain goods that civilians can buy
All-Nisei unit; most decorated military unit in U.S. history
442nd Regimental Combat Team
Willful annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group
U.S. organization designed to aid Eastern European Jews
War Refugee Board
Fostered cooperation between Great Powers
Why was the United States considered a stronger superpower than the Soviet Union following WWII?
The U.S. may not have had as many men, but we had better machinery.