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AP Psych - Consciousness
Terms in this set (70)
A time of high levels of sensory awareness, thought, and behavior
The biological clock that regulates periods of sleep, wakefulness, energy, etc. over a 24-hour cycle
The body's maintenance of a stable internal environment that allow body systems to function properly
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN)
Area of the hypothalamus in which the body's biological clock is located
Gland that produces melatonin which induces sleep
A hormone manufactured by the pineal gland that produces sleepiness.
A common variation of consciousness in which attention shifts to memories, expectations, desires, or fantasies and away from the immediate situation.
A state of unconsciousness that inhibits voluntary muscle movement and sensory activity.
A theory of sleep that says we sleep because it would be too exhausting to be awake all the time.
A theory of sleep that says humans developed the habit of sleeping in order to better survive in dangerous environments. Ex: We can't see well at night, so we sleep at that time instead.
A theory of sleep that says our bodies need a time of rest in order to rebuild muscle tissue, etc.
A theory of sleep that says we need time for our brains to work through thoughts from the day and organize them so we can remember things.
Smaller and faster brain waves, typically indicating mental activity or alertness
Slow brain waves that indicate a state of relaxation or light sleep
Stage 1 Sleep
The state of transition between wakefulness and sleep, characterized by relatively rapid, low-amplitude brain waves.
Brain waves in the early stages of sleep
Stage 2 Sleep
A stage of sleep characterized by a slower wave pattern along with sleep spindles and k-complexes
Bursts of rapid, rhythmic brain-wave activity in Stage 2 Sleep
A single high-amplitude brain-wave that may occur because of environmental stimuli. Occurs in Stage 2 Sleep.
The large, slow brain waves associated with the deep sleep of Stage 3 Sleep
Stage 3 Sleep
Stage of sleep with deep sleep characterized by low frequency, high amplitude delta waves
Stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements and a high level of brain activity. It is the time when we dream.
A nickname for REM sleep because internally, the brain and body are active; while externally, the body appears calm and inactive
According to Freud, the remembered story line of a dream
According to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream
Jung's theory that we all share an inherited memory that contains our culture's most basic elements.
The theory that dreams happen when the brain attempts to make sense of random neural activity that occurs during sleep
Dreams in which the dreamer is aware that he or she is dreaming
Rosalind Cartwright's Theory
A theory that dreams is used as a way to process thoughts that we have when we're awake without logic or realism.
Difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep
A sleep disorder that causes a person to suddenly collapse into REM sleep.
Abnormal behaviors during sleep including somnambulism (sleepwalking) and night terrors; usually occur during stage 3 or slow wave sleep
Walking during non-REM sleep; also called somnambulism
Sleep disorder in which the sleeper experiences a sense of panic and may scream or attempt to escape from the immediate environment
Restless Leg Syndrome
Discomfort, aching or twitching of legs that causes loss of sleep
A disorder in which the person stops breathing for brief periods while asleep
Sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant during sleep
A disruption of circadian rhythms due to crossing time zones quickly, as can occur when traveling by airplane.
A sleep deficiency caused by not getting the amount of sleep that one requires for optimal functioning.
A very short period of involuntary sleep that occurs while a person appears to be awake, usually after not sleeping enough
A sleep-deprived individual will tend to take a shorter time falling asleep during opportunities for sleep
State of consciousness in which the person is especially susceptible to suggestion
Theory that hypnosis is an altered state of consciousness
Social Role Theory
Hypnosis theory that states that a person hypnotized is only performing the social role of a hypnotized person.
(Person goes through process of being hypnotized --> person fulfills social role and acts hypnotized)
Theory of hypnosis: a split in consciousness which allows multiple thoughts and behaviors to occur at the same time
Changing behavior or thought patterns after hypnosis
When the body experiences withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued
A condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally
A physiological or psychological dependence on a drug
The diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug's effect
The discomfort and distress that occur when someone who use to take an addictive drug stops using it
Drugs (caffeine, nicotine, and the more powerful amphetamines, cocaine, ecstasy) that speed up neural activity and body functions.
A mild stimulant found in coffee, tea, and several other plant-based substances
A stimulating and highly addictive psychoactive drug in tobacco
A powerful and addictive stimulant, derived from the coca plant, producing temporarily increased alertness and euphoria
An addictive, synthetic stimulant that stimulates the central nervous system and creates strong levels of euphoria in the user; reduces baseline dopamine levels
A stimulant (and mild hallucinogen) that triggers release of dopamine and serotonin and blocks serotonin reuptake; causes dehydration
Drugs (such as alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that reduce neural activity and slow body functions
A depressant that causes fatigue, restlessness, intoxication, and depression.
A category of depressant drugs that reduce anxiety and produce sleepiness.
The most common group of anti-anxiety drugs, which includes Valium and Xanax.
A category of drugs that include morphine and heroin. They depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
Substance derived from the poppy plant, from which all narcotic drugs are derived.
Narcotic drug derived from opium that is extremely addictive and produce euphoria.
Morphine, Vicodin, OxyContin, Fentanyl, and Methadone
Common opiate drugs used as pain killers.
Current drug crisis caused by over prescription of painkillers that is plaguing the nation.
Psychedelic drugs, such as LSD, that alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions including vision, hearing, smell, and touch
A drug, often smoked, whose effects include euphoria, impairment of judgment and concentration and occasionally hallucinations; rarely reported as addictive
A powerful hallucinogenic drug; also known as acid
A cactus that produces the hallucinogen mescaline.
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