Middle School Math Terms
Terms in this set (63)
alternate exterior angles
exterior angles that lie on opposite sides of the transversal
alternate interior angles
interior angles that lie on opposite sides of the transversal
in a power, the number that is the common factor
the numerical factor of a term that contains a variable
two angles are complementary if the sum of their measures is 90 degrees
a term without a variable
constant rate of change
the rate of change between any two points in a linear relationship is the SAME or constant
Data that can take on ANY value. There is NO space between data values for a given domain. Graphs are represented with a solid line.
a coordinate system in which a horizontal number line and a vertical number line intersect at their zero points
angles that are in the same position on two parallel lines in relation to the transversal
a transformation that enlarges or reduces a figure by a scale factor
data with space between possible data values. Graphs are represented by dots
the distance between two points
to multiply a sum by a number, multiply each addend by the number outside the parentheses
the set of x-coordinates in a relation
a mathematical sentence stating that two quantities are equal
a polygon in which all angles are congruent
In a power, the number of times the base is used as a factor.
the four outer angles formed by two lines cut by a transversal
the side opposite the right angle in a right triangle
the resulting figure after a transformation
a mathematical sentence that contains < , >, etc.
the inside angles formed by two lines cut by a transversal
a number that cannot be expressed as quotient
the two sides of a right triangle that form the right angle
terms that contain the same variables to the same powers
an equation with a graph that is a straight line
a function in which the graph of the solutions forms a straight line
line of reflection
the line over which a figure is reflected
the sum o the data divided by the number of items in the set
a measure of center in a set of numerical data
the numbers or items that appear most often in a set of data
a function whose rate of change is not constant. The graph is not a straight line.
an angle whose measure is between 90 degrees and 180 degrees
a pair of numbers used to locate a point in the coordinate plane
the point of intersection of the x-axis and the y-axis in a coordinate plane
lines that never intersect
a rational number whose square root is a whole number.
two lines that intersect to form right angles
a product of repeated factors using an exponent and a base
In a right triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the legs.
the four sections of a coordinate plane
a function in which the greatest power of the variable is 2
data that can not be given a numerical value
the symbol used to indicate a positive square root.
the set of y coordinates in a relation
the difference between the greatest number (maximum) and the least number (minimum) in a set of data
remote interior angles
the angles of a triangle that are not adjacent to the given exterior angle
an angle whose measure is exactly 90 degrees
the vertical change between any two points on a line
a transformation in which a figure is turned about a fixed point
the horizontal change between any two points on a line
the ratio of the lengths of two corresponding sides of two similar polygons
a compact way of writing numbers with absolute values that are very large or very small.
the rate of change between any two points on a line. The ratio of the rise, or vertical change, to the run, or horizontal change.
two angles are supplementary if the sum of their measures is 180 degrees
a number, a variable, or a product of numbers and variables
an operation that maps a geometric figure, preimage, onto a new figure, image.
a transformation that slides a figure from one position to another without turning it
a line that intersects two or more other lines
a symbol, usually a letter, used to represent a number, in mathematical responses or sentences.
the coordinate of the point where a line crosses the y-axis