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46 terms

Cardiovascular Unit 8

Antonique Parker October 12,2011
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embolism
the sudden closure of a blood vessel by a traveling blood clot, or embolus
embolus
A clot that breaks lose and travels through the bloodstream.
endarterectomy
surgical removal of the inner lining of an artery that is clogged with atherosclerosis
endocarditis
inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
eosinophils
white blood cell that are responsible for combating infection by parasites in vertebrates
erythrocytes
another name for red blood cells
fibrillation
is rapid,random, and ineffective contractions of the heart
hemangioma
Benign tumor of dilated blood vessels
hemochromatosis
hereditary disorder with an excessive buildup of iron deposits in the body
hemoglobin
iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen for delivery to cells
hemolytic anemia
Reduction in Red cells due to excessive cell destruction
hemostasis
surgical procedure of stopping the flow of blood (as with a hemostat)
homocysteine
an amino acid normally found in the blood and used by the body to build and maintain tissues
hypoperfusion
is a deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part
ischemia
insufficient blood flow to an area
leukemia
cancer characterized by an increase in abnormal white blood cells
leukocytes
white blood cells, or WBC, form in the bone marrow and are part of the body's nonspecific defenses and the immune system
leukopenia
an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count
lymphocytes
the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system: B lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections; T lymphocytes form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances.
megaloblastic anemia
a blood disorder characterized by anemia in which the red blood cells are larger than normal
monocytes
largest white blood cell
myocardial infarction
Necrosis (death) of the myocardium caused by an obstruction in a coronary artery; commonly known as heart attack
myocarditis
Inflammation of the heart muscle
neutrophils
A type of white blood cell that engulfs invading microbes and contributes to the nonspecific defenses of the body against disease.
palpitation
a rapid and irregular heart beat
pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
pernicious anemia
lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein (usually in the legs)
phlebography
X-ray of the veins after injecting a contrast medium
plaque
A deposit of fatty material on the inner lining of an arterial wall
polyarteritis
inflammation of several arteries
Raynaud's
Vasospasm of the arteries, may be primary or secondary to other collagen diseases such as lupus. Found in the hands and feet producing a triphasic color change, from pallor to cyanosis to rubor. Brought on by cold or emotion. Can lead to dry gangrene
septicemia
invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection
systolic
measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is contracting and forcing blood into the arteries
tachycardia
abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)
thrombocytes
platelets; cell fragments that are formed in the bone marrow; clot blood
thrombocytopenia
a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood
thrombolytic
a kind of pharmaceutical that can break up clots blocking the flow of blood to the heart muscle
thrombosis
the formation or presence of a thrombus (a clot of coagulated blood attached at the site of its formation) in a blood vessel
thrombus
a blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin
triglycerides
Lipids containing a glycerol molecule attached to three fatty acid chains; chemical form in which most fats exist in food and in the body
valvoplasty
surgical repair of a heart valve
valvulitis
inflammation of a valve (especially of a cardiac valve as a consequence of rheumatic fever)
valvuloplasty
surgical repair of a valve
varicose veins
abnormally swollen, twisted veins with defective valves, most often seen in the legs
vasculitis
inflammation of a blood vessel