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Literary Terms Review
Terms in this set (26)
Any writing in verse or prose that has a double meaning. This narrative acts as an extended metaphor in which persons, abstract ideas, or events represent not only themselves on the literal level, but they also stand for something else on the symbolic level.
Typically, an it involves the interaction of multiple symbols, which together create a moral, spiritual, or even political meaning.
Repeating a consonant sound in close proximity to others, or beginning several words with the same vowel sound.
Most frequently, the it involves the sounds at the beginning of words in close proximity to each other.
A casual reference in literature to a person, place, event, or another passage of literature, often without explicit identification.
Authors often use this to establish a tone, create an implied association, contrast two objects or people, make an unusual juxtaposition of references, or bring the reader into a world of experience outside the limitations of the story itself.
The intentional repetition of beginning clauses in order to create an artistic effect.
Repeating identical or similar vowels (especially in stressed syllables) in nearby words.
The varying speed, loudness, pitch, elevation, intensity, and expressiveness of speech, especially poetry.
A word or phrase used every day in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing.
The language of a particular district, class, or group of persons. This term encompasses the sounds, spelling, grammar, and diction employed by a specific people as distinguished from other persons either geographically or socially.
A deviation from what speakers of a language understand as the ordinary or standard use of words in order to achieve some special meaning or effect.
A method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events--usually in the form of a character's memories, dreams, narration, or even authorial commentary
It allows an author to fill in the reader about a place or a character, or it can be used to delay important details until just before a dramatic moment.
Suggesting, hinting, indicating, or showing what will occur later in a narrative.
exaggeration or overstatement.
"mental pictures" that readers experience with a passage of literature.
involves a situation in a narrative in which the reader knows something about present or future circumstances that the character does not know.
accidental events occur that seem oddly appropriate, such as the poetic justice of a pickpocket getting his own pocket picked.
(also called sarcasm) is a trope in which a speaker makes a statement in which its actual meaning differs sharply from the meaning that the words ostensibly express.
Using a vaguely suggestive, physical object to embody a more general idea.
When the writer establishes similar patterns of grammatical structure and length.
A trope in which abstractions, animals, ideas, and inanimate objects are given human character, traits, abilities, or reactions.
An analogy or comparison implied by using an adverb such as like or as
informal diction or the use of vocabulary considered inconsistent with the preferred formal wording common among the educated or elite in a culture.
Frequent use of words, places, characters, or objects that mean something beyond what they are on a literal level.
A rhetorical trope involving a part of an object representing the whole, or the whole of an object representing a part.
Humorous plays on words indicating different meanings, both meanings are meant.
Used for humor or irony.
i.e. the Cobbler says, "A trade, sir, that I hope I may use with a safe conscience, which is indeed a mender of bad soles." A cobbler is a mender of shoes or a bungler.
The implications of a word or phrase, as opposed to its exact meaning. The second meaning.
the opposite of hyperbole: minimizes what we know to be true.
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