Summer Assignment Vocabulary with Mnemonic Devices and Examples

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Terms in this set (22)
Gestalt PsychologyIt was the idea of how the mind was constructed as a whole and how it worked as a whole. Instead of looking at something as multiple parts, it looked at is as a whole. (Gestalt Psychology focuses on all of the mind as a whole instead of different parts.)John WatsonHe was the leader of the behaviorism movement, he believed that psychology should not look at the mind, but only by seeing physical responses in the body or from the environment. (John Watson believed just what could be seen should be studied, like the behavior and body, rather than what couldn't be seem, like the mind.)Sigmund FreudHe was a Viennese physician who worked with his disciples and believed that disorders of the mind actually came from issues that could be found within the unconscious mind. (Sigmund Freud thought disorders in the mind could be found in the unconscious mind.)PsychoanalysisIt is the idea that is based on the processes that occur in the unconscious mind and how they impact the conscious mind and human body. It follows everything Freud says. Psyche - mind Psychoanalysis - the study of the processes in the unconscious mind and how it impacts the rest of the mind and body.)Biological ViewIt includes the idea that the way one's brain functions and their physical makeup plays a huge part in their behavior and who they become. It looks at the mind, genes, and many body systems in order to try to explain why someone behaves the way they do. (The biological view focuses on how someone's brain functions and physical makeup impact how they behave.)Developmental ViewIt includes the idea that change in psychology occurs because of genes and the events made because of one's environment. It also focuses on the changes that occur in a person's perspective throughout their life. (The developmental view focuses on how one develops and how it impacts their life and mind.)CCognitive ViewIt includes the idea that actions people make are greatly influenced by the way the mind takes in information from the environment around them. (The cognitive view shows that people's actions come from the way the mind takes in information from the environment.)Psychodynamic PsychologyIt states the idea that mental disorders can be understood by looking at the unconscious mind and it's memories, needs, conflicts, and desires. It follows most of what Freud says. Psyche - mind Psychodynamic Psychology looks at mental disorders and how they can be understood by looking into the unconscious mind.Humanistic ViewIt focuses on the idea that one's actions are influences by their personal potential, abilities, and need for growth. It makes you feel warm and fuzzy and usually includes a work with self in it (Humanistic psychology focuses on how actions are influenced by personal potential.)Behavioral ViewIt emphasizes the way people react based on punishments and rewards they are given. (After I got a goal in my lacrosse game my dad took me out for brunch and then I continued to work hard and try to get goals.)Sociocultural ViewIt touches on the idea that people are influenced greatly by social influences, whether that be learning, interactions with others, or looking at things in a cultural perspective. (Socio - social Sociocultural View - People are influenced by social interactions.)Mary Whiton CalkinsShe was the first female president to be elected to the American Psychological Association. She was elected in 1905 and earlier in her life she was denied a doctorate from Harvard even though she has met all of the requirements needed to be given one. (Mary Whiton Calkins used her wit to be elected the first female president of the American Psychological Association.)