Non-Fiction Terms

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Nonfiction
Writing that primarily deal s with real people, events, and places. it has a basis in fact, not fiction
Authors Purpose
Reason an author writes a piece
Narritave
a kind of writing that tells a true story about a person, place, or event
Expository
Notification that explains, gives information, defines, or clarifies an idea (Ex. a cookbook)
Descriptive
a kind of writing that is intended to create a mood or emotion, or to re-create a person, place, thing, or event
Persuasive
a kind of writing that tries to convince the reader to act, or think in a certain way
Autobiography
a writers account of his/her own life. It is almost always written in first-person
Biography
account of a persons life written by another person
Memoir
form of autobiographical writing in which a writer focuses on his or her involvement with noted people, significant events, or both
Essay
brief work of nonfiction that deals with a single subject
Stereotype
a fixed concept or idea of a person that does not allow for any individuality
Bias
a personal and often unreasonable judgement or prejudice
Objective writing
laying out the facts that can be proven true
subjective writing
basic facts may be true, but personal opinion sneaks in
Tone
the authors attitude towards a subject
Diction
the words the author uses
Syntax
The arrangement of words in a sentence
Main idea
Insight, or opinion of a work of non-fiction
supporting details
pieces of evidence that prove the main idea
Connotation
the underlying or hidden meaning within words. Positive or Negative
Argument or Claim
The point the author is attempting to make in his/her piece.
Opinion
Evidence
the facts, statistics, stories, reasons that the author provides to support his/her claim
Repetition
Repeating of the same word, line, or phrase to emphasize the author's argument
Ethos
An ethical appeal, means to convince the audience of the author's credibility or character
Pathos
An emotional appeal.
These examples persuade the audience by appealing to their emotions
Logos
A logical appeal.
Means to persuade the audience by providing logical or reasonable evidence and examples