Revolutions Test Review
Terms in this set (46)
Three estates of France
1st estate: roman catholic clergy
2nd estate: nobles
third estate: bourgeoisie, city workers, and peasants
Prior to 1789, French society was divided into 3 estates. The largest of these was the
Besides undergoing a financial crisis, in the period from 1785-1789, France
Had problems with estate and unequal tax distribution and famine
One result of the beginning of revolution in France was
monarchy lost alot of its power and storming the bastille/War with Austria and Prussia in support of French monarchy
Which group lost social, economic, and political standing with the rise of Napoleon?
One reason that Napoleon needed to suppress the revolution in Haiti was that
Haiti was the richest colony France possessed and Haiti made France the most money
At the Congress of Vienna, the central objective was to
establish a balance of power in europe after the defeat of napoleon
Many French people supported Napoleon because the believed that he would
provide stability for the nation
Which list of European leaders is in the correct chronological order?
Louis XVI, Robespierre, Napoleon
Historians often try to learn about a particular historical event by studying the artwork of the period.
What is the best conclusion that can be drawn from this painting?
rebels are invading bastille prison
Simon Bolivar, Jose de San Martin, and Toussaint l'Overture were important individuals in Latin American history because they were
leaders of liberation movements
What was one major impact of the French Revolution?
idea of equality under the law and inspired other countries to do the same
After the defeat of Napoleon, allied leaders reacted to the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars by attempting to
change the government by creating a constitution
One way in which Robespierre and Napoleon were similar was that they both
increased their power during the French Revolution
All of the following are effects of the Haitian Revolution EXCEPT
the plantation economy continued to flourish
Japan's industrialization was greatly helped by
a centralized pro-business government.
The following statements refer to
~abolished serfdom in 1861
~Humiliating loss in Crimean War
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of capitalism (government ownership of capital, private ownership of land, freedom of enterprise, workers are free to seek the jobs of their choice)
government ownership of capital
Mercantilism promoted the idea that national wealth was based on
a favorable balance of exports over imports
Which describes a major social effect of the Industrial Revolution in Europe?
The growth of the middle class was in part due to the industrial revolution in Europe. Other social changes included the migration of farm laborers to cities that had factories and textile mills
A long term effect of the Industrial Revolution in Europe was
material goods, women rights, and material goods became cheaper so people could afford them
Which statement best describes a significant contribution of James Watt?
Which conclusion is best supported by the information on the map?
Over populated cities was by coal mines and small cities with favorites did not run on water using steam engine
Which geographic factor explains why the
industrial revolution began in England?
Location close to water and the fact that napolean had cut them off
Which of the following was true of the Industrial Revolution?
The distribution of wealth and power generated by
the Industrial Revolution was uneven.
The rapid population growth experienced by Great Britain was due mainly to
widespread resistance to disease and increased food supplies
By the early 18th century, which of the following was a result of the Industrial Revolution?
It began to create an emerging consumer economy in all of western Europe
In comparison to other European nations in the 1790's, the aristocracy in Great Britain
was generally less powerful and not as centralized as in other European nations
The idea that government should refrain from interference of in business, except to provide private property, is known as
As in Great Britain, most nations on the continent focused their first industrial enterprises on
Which of the following was true of industrial work in the first half of the 19th century?
Most industrial jobs were unskilled, boring, and repetitive
The most dramatic environmental changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution
the growth of urban populations
How did changes in textile manufacturing help initiate the Industrial Revolution? (Textile manufacturers used raw materials recently discovered in the Americas to introduce new products to Europe.
Textile manufacturers were the first to combine steam power and machinery in factories to mass produce goods.
Textile manufacturers introduced changes in methods of transportation to obtain raw materials.
Textile manufacturers used highly skilled workers who were more productive than unskilled workers.)
Textile manufacturers were the first to combine steam power and machinery in factories to mass produce goods
In the late 1800s, one response of British workers to unsafe working conditions was
a group of English workers known as Luddites formed to protest against industrialization and sometimes sabotaged factories
What were the three factors of production required for industrialization?
land, labor, and capital
Which of the following were products of the Second Industrial revolution?
iron, steel, electricity
One of the issues that led to revolution in Latin America in the early 19th century was
corrupt government and inequality
In Venezuela, in 1811, a junta of creoles declared independence from Spain. Their main goal was
they wanted more equality and to expand own privileges by eliminating Spaniards for upper levels of the Venezuelan government
After several attempts at achieving independence, Mexico finally became free from Spain in 1821.
The new government, under Augustin de Iturbide, was
a monarchy with Iturbide as king
Unlike its neighbors, Brazil gained independence in 1822
relatively bloodless, Constitutional monarchy was aligning themselves with the rising tide of independence
A major factor in the expansion of industrialization was the development of
All of the following are factors stimulating industrialization EXCEPT
(an organized union movement, an ample population to serve as a workforce, investment capital, access to natural resources)
an organized union movement
In the 18th century, MOST revolutionary leaders tended to be members of the
educated middle class
The American and French Revolutions were both caused in part by
high taxation that bred discontent
Which of the following statements is true regarding the growth of nationalism in the 19th century?
wand conflict were often used as vehicles to unite the people
The first republic to grant equality to all its citizens in the western hemisphere was