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U.S. History II -- Chapter 13 Test

Vocabulary terms to help study for United States History II test, chapter thirteen.
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Shoah
"catastrophe," what the Jewish people referred to the Holocaust as
Gestapo
the secret police force of the German Nazi state, notorious for its terrorism and brutality
Auschwitz
Nazi extermination camp in Poland, the largest center of mass murder during the Holocaust. Close to a million Jews, Gypsies, Communists, and others were killed there
Nuremberg Laws
Placed severe restrictions of Jews, prohibited from marrying non- Jews, attending schools or universities, holding government jobs, practicing law or medicine or publishing books (1935)
SS St. Louis
Jews on board that were headed for Cuba and the U.S. were denied
Kristallnacht
marked an escalation in the persecution of the Jews; "Night of Broken Glass."
Buchenwald
one of the first and largest concentration camps
Wannsee Conference
A meeting in which the "Final solution" and use of concentration camps were decided in 1942
Fight for Freedom Committee
wanted the repeal of all neutrality laws and stronger action against Germany
Atlantic Charter
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII amd to work for peace after the war
Reuben James
U.S. destroyer sunk by German submarines off the coast of Iceland in October 1941, with the loss of over a hundred men
Neutrality Act of 1939
Act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the United States if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their own ships (FDR)
Hemispheric Defense Zone
Declaration that said that the entire western half of Atlantic was part of the Western Hemisphere which made it NEUTRAL
lend-lease act
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S.
Strategic Materials
materials important for fighting a war; the U.S. witheld airplane feul and scrap iron from Japan during this war