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Mosby's Comprehensive Review of Dental Hygiene Chapter 3 - Anatomy and Physiology
Terms in this set (50)
In what phase is a cell highly active and growing?
Which one of the following statements best describes mucous membranes?
Found in body cavities that open to the body's exterior
Which of the following is not a type of connective tissue?
Where is smooth muscle tissue found in the body?
In the walls of hollow organs
Which connective tissue cells secrete antibodies?
In which of the following would articular cartilage and bursae most likely be found?
Moving the femur forward when walking is an example of:
The portion of the nervous system that regulates the GI tract is the:
Enteric nervous system
The depolarizing phase of a nerve impulse is caused by a:
Rush of sodium ions into the neuron
The speed of nerve impulse conduction is increased by:
What part of the brain contains the centers that control heart rate and breathing rhythm?
What part of the brain serves as a like between the nervous and endocrine system?
What part(s) of the brain is/are concerned with memory, reasoning, judgment, and intelligence?
Which of the following cranial nerves is not involved in controlling the movement of the eyeball?
Which of the following pairs is mismatched?
Norepinephrine - parasympathetic nervous system
Which part of the central nervous system contains centers that regulate the autonomic nervous system?
Which nerve carries most of the parasympathetic output from the brain?
Which of the following would not be affected by the autonomic nervous system?
Which of the following is not correctly matched?
Interoceptors - located in the ear
All of the following are characteristics of taste except one, which is the exception?
Humans can recognize about 10 primary tastes
All of the following are true of nociceptors except one, which is the exception?
They adapt rapidly
All of the following are functions of tears except one, which is the exception?
Provide nutrients to the cornea
Transmission of vibration (sound waves) from the tympanic membrane to the oval window is accomplished by:
The auditor ossicles
Which of the following structures refracts light rays entering the eye?
All of the following statements concerning the actions are true except one, which is the exception?
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a common second messenger in target cells
A female who is sluggish, gaining weight, and has a low body temperature may be having problems with her:
A patient exhibiting liver failure would tend to have a(an):
Higher than normal blood levels of circulation hormones
All of the following are symptoms of Cushing's syndrome except one, which is the exception?
Twitches, spasms of skeletal muscles
What is the purpose of a hematocrit?
Determines the percentage of red blood cells in whole blood
A primary function of erythrocytes is to:
Deliver oxygen to the cells of the body
In a person with blood type A, the isoantibody(ies) that would nurmally be present in the plasma is (are):
Which statement about an individual with with vitamin K deficiency is true?
Clotting is inhibited
A thrombus that is being transported by the blood stream is called:
The blood vessels that allow the exchange of nutrients, wastes, oxygen, and carbon dioxide between that blood and tissues are the:
Which of the following represents pulmonary circulation as the blood flows from the right ventricle?
Pulmonary trunk-pulmonary arteries- pulmonary capillaries-pulmonary veins
The characteristic of arteries that allows them to stretch is:
All of the following statements about blood vessels are false except one, which is the exception?
The walls of arteries are generally thicker and contain more elastic tissue that the walls of veins
Which of the following is a function of lymph nodes?
To filter lymph
The cells that attack and destroy foreign agents such as fungi, parasites, cancer cells, and foreign tissues are:
The ability of the body's immune system to recognize its own tissue is known as:
Most chemical digestion occurs in the:
The smell of your favorite food makes "your mouth water", this reaction is caused by:
Parasympathetic stimulation of the salivary glands
Which of the following is function of bile?
The purpose of villi in the small intestine is to:
Increase the surface area for the absorption of digested nutrients
What is the functional component of the kidney?
All of the following are systemic complications associated with renal failure except one, which is the exception?
Your patient exhibits extreme pallor of the oral mucosa, this is most likely caused by:
Decreased production erythropoietin
What would uremic stomatitis most likely correspond to in the patient in question 47?
A rise in blood urea nitrogen
All of the following are functions of the kidney except for one, which one is the exception?
Anemia may occur in patients with chronic renal failure. This is because the kidneys cannot produce enough erythropoietin to activate red blood cell production?
Both the statement and the reason are correct and related
What are the 3 types of absorbable sutures?
How can forced eruption improve the crown/root ratio?
The nurse is preparing to administer gentamicin when the client mentions having experienced diminished hearing What action should the nurse based on this statement?
What are indications for mucogingival surgery?
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