Terms in this set (48)
Highness or lowness of sound
Time length of a particular note
Sequence of single notes
A sound created by multiple notes or sung simultaneously
A repeated pattern of notes
Shifting or displacement of the beat
The way the melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic materials are combined in a composition
the volume of a sound or note
The speed at which a piece is performed
number of lines in a verse, the number of syllables in each line
What makes a piano sound like a piano
Musical system in which pitches or chords are arranged
Sacred vs. Secular
Religious vs. Non-religious
Musical technique of writing music that reflects the literal meaning of a song. For example, ascending scales would accompany lyrics about going up; slow, dark music would accompany lyrics about death.
Ternary (ABA) Form
The form of a movement in which the first subject is repeated after an interposed second subject in a related key.
Brass: trumpet, trombone, tuba
String: cello, viola, violin
Woodwind: Bassoon, clarinet, flute, oboe
Percussion: Drum, Chimes, Triangle
Bach, Vivaldi, Handel
Emphasis on clarity and form
Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven
Concentration on lyrical melody
Emphasis on shorter music
Mendelssohn, Puccini, Chopin, Schubert, Schumann
Middle Ages 450 - 1450
Renaissance 1450 - 1600
Baroque 1600 - 1750
Classical 1750 - 1825
Romantic 1825 - 1900
Contemporary 20th & 21st C
Doctrine of Ethos
Greek philosophy that music directly influences a persons mind, body, and soul.
music with multiple movements
Theme & Variations
same material returns but is slightly or substantially varied from its original form: AA1A2A3 etc.
composition for a solo instrument(s) accompanied by an orchestra
a set of instrumental compositions, originally in dance style, to be played in succession.
a long, accompanied song for a solo voice, typically one in an opera or oratorio
a large-scale musical work for orchestra and voices, typically a narrative on a religious theme, performed without the use of costumes, scenery, or action.
Short melody introduced by one "voice" then repeated in a different pitch by another "voice"
Intimate lyricism vs Brilliant Virtuosity
an artist's expression of emotion in an imaginative and beautiful way vs. great skill in music
Art songs for solo voice and piano
Descriptive instrumental compositions with an "extramusical" referance
Concerto Op. 8, No. 1, "Spring," 1st movement
The Trumpet Shall Sound
Symphony No. 94 in G Major "Surprise" 2nd Movement
Sonata in C Minor, Op. 13 "Pathetique"
Nocturne in E-flat Major, Op. 9 No. 2
Hebrides Overture a.k.a. Fingals Cave
Refers to a single melodic line, midievil church chanting
Refers to two or more melodic lines
Refers to a a main melody accompanied by chords. A musician singing while accompanying himself with his guitar is an example of homophony.